Search for dissertations about: "Local anesthesia"

Showing result 1 - 5 of 27 swedish dissertations containing the words Local anesthesia.

  1. 1. Local anesthesia for pain relief after surgery

    Author : Nils O Pettersson; Karolinska Institutet; Karolinska Institutet; []
    Keywords : ;

    Abstract : Postoperative pain is a common problem in spite of increased awareness among patients and healthcare professionals. The prevailing practice is still to administer opiates, which have a good painrelieving potential but opiates also have a number of negative sideffects. READ MORE

  2. 2. Topical anesthesia of the tympanic membrane : an experimental animal study

    Author : Sten-Hermann Schmidt; Umeå universitet; []
    Keywords : MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; Topical anesthesia; middle ear; tympanic membrane; cochlea; collagen fibres; lidocaine; 96 % phenol; Bonain s liquid; auditory brainstem response; ototoxicity; cytocochleogram; scanning electron microscopy; rat; guinea pig;

    Abstract : Myringotomy plays an important role in otological therapy. The procedure requires an efficient anesthesia, which can be obtained without general anesthesia. However, the use of local anesthetics on the tympanic membrane (TM) has been abandoned in many places, as general anesthesia has been readily available. READ MORE

  3. 3. Pain relief following cesarean section : short and long term perspectives

    Author : Boel Niklasson; Agneta Blanck; Märta Segerdahl; Susanne Georgsson Öhman; Sophiahemmet Högskola; Karolinska Institutet; Karolinska Institutet; []
    Keywords : MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; Pain management; Local anesthesia; Cesarean section; Morphine consumption; Postoperative pain; Persistent pain; Risk factors; Quality of daily life; Multimodal treatment; Oxycodone; Codeine; Newborn; Safety; pain management;

    Abstract : BackgroundPostoperative pain treatment in women undergoing cesarean section (CS) needs to be effective to enable fast and smooth recovery without adverse outcomes and to improve breastfeeding and bonding between mother and child. It is also important that pain treatment should have minimal impact on the newborn. READ MORE

  4. 4. Femoral and Inguinal Hernia : How to Minimize Adverse Outcomes Following Repair

    Author : Ursula Dahlstrand; Ulf Gunnarsson; Gabriel Sandblom; Staffan Wollert; Andrew Kingsnorth; Uppsala universitet; []
    Keywords : MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; femoral hernia; inguinal hernia; adverse outcome; complication; recurrence; chronic pain; long-term pain; emergency; mortality; TEP; Lichtenstein; local anesthesia; Surgery; Kirurgi;

    Abstract : Groin hernia is common, and each year 200 repairs per 100 000 adult inhabitants are performed in Sweden. Groin hernias are either inguinal or femoral (2-4%). Elective repair is not associated with an excess mortality, but adverse outcomes include recurrence and long-term pain. READ MORE

  5. 5. Postoperative pain, inflammation and functional recovery after total hip arthroplasty : Prospective, randomized, clinical studies

    Author : Jan Kuchalik; Anil Gupta; Anders Lundin; Mats Enlund; Örebro universitet; []
    Keywords : MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; Total hip arthroplasty; local infiltration analgesia; intrathecal morphine; femoral nerve block; postoperative pain; spinal anesthesia;

    Abstract : Total hip arthroplasty (THA) is performed in patients with osteoarthritis of the hip joint. Pain following THA is often moderate but no gold stand-ard exists for pain management. Good postoperative pain management may lead to a better quality of life and hip function. READ MORE