Search for dissertations about: "Lund Pediatrik"

Showing result 1 - 5 of 77 swedish dissertations containing the words Lund Pediatrik.

  1. 1. The value of informing Children prior to examination and procedures

    Author : Marie Edwinson Månsson; Lund Pediatrik; []
    Keywords : MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; pediatrik; omvårdnad; information; kunskap;

    Abstract : The value of infoming children about impending medical procedures was investigated, particularly in ægard to possible effects on anxiety, fear, noncooperation and distress in specific clinical situations: urological investigation, heart catheterization, lumbar puncture, acute appendectomy. The use of a preparatory infonnation program was compared with conventional verbal infomation and pharmacological premedication. READ MORE

  2. 2. DIGITAL ANALYSIS OF CARDIAC ACOUSTIC SIGNALS IN CHILDREN

    Author : Milad El-Segaier; Lund Pediatrik; []
    Keywords : MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; Pediatri; Medicin människa och djur ; Cardiovascular system; Kardiovaskulära systemet; Pediatrics; Medicine human and vertebrates ; Heart sound detection; Logistic regression; Receiver operating characteristic curve; Signal deconvolution.; Short-time Fourier transform; Cardiac acoustic signals; Time interval measurements;

    Abstract : DIGITAL ANALYSIS OF CARDIAC ACOUSTIC SIGNALS IN CHILDREN Milad El-Segaier, MD Division of Paediatric Cardiology, Department of Paediatrics, Lund University Hospital, Lund, Sweden SUMMARY Despite tremendous development in cardiac imaging, use of the stethoscope and cardiac auscultation remains the primary diagnostic tool in evaluation of cardiac pathology. With the advent of miniaturized and powerful technology for data acquisition, display and digital signal processing, the possibilities for detecting cardiac pathology by signal analysis have increased. READ MORE

  3. 3. Video assisted gastrostomy in children

    Author : Torbjörn Backman; Lund Pediatrik; []
    Keywords : MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; Gastrostomy; Laparoscopy; VAG; Complications; VPS; Malignancy; Vomiting; Double U-stitch suture;

    Abstract : Children with severe diseases can be provided nutritional support through a gastrostomy if needed. At the Department of Paediatric Surgery in Lund we have used the Video Assisted Gastrostomy (VAG) procedure since 1994 when establishing gastrostomies. READ MORE

  4. 4. Anorectal malformations – surgical aspects and transition

    Author : Louise Tofft; Lund Pediatrik; []
    Keywords : MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; Anorectal malformations ARM ; wound dehiscence; PSARP; transition; focus groups; fistula; colostogram; voiding cystourethrogram; cystoscopy; endoscopy; postoperative scarring; scar treatment; anorectal malformations ARM ; posterior sagittal anorectoplasty PSARP ; wound dehiscence; transition; focus groups; fistula; colostogram; voiding cystourethrogram; cystoscopy; endoscopy; postoperative scarring; scar treatment;

    Abstract : Background: Anorectal malformations (ARM) occur in 1/5000 live births (1.2–1.6:1 male:female). Associated malformations are common, influencing, together with ARM-subtype complexity, long-term outcome, follow-up and need of transitional care. READ MORE

  5. 5. Initiation of ventilation, surfactant treatment, and lung function after preterm birth

    Author : Lars Björklund; Lund Pediatrik; []
    Keywords : MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; Respiration; Artificial; Pediatrics; Pediatri; Respiratory Function Tests; Pulmonary Surfactants; Newborn; Respiratory Distress Syndrome; Infant; Premature; Animals;

    Abstract : The thesis investigates lung function and the effects of rescue surfactant treatment in mechanically ventilated preterm human infants with respiratory distress syndrome (RDS), and the effects of ventilation at birth on the response to surfactant supplementation in preterm lambs. To assess lung function, the author recorded static pressure-volume (P-V) curves during passive deflation from total lung capacity (TLC) to ambient pressure and measured end-expiratory lung volume (FRC) during mechanical ventilation by tracer gas washout. READ MORE