Search for dissertations about: "Lung: cardiopulmonary bypass"

Showing result 1 - 5 of 7 swedish dissertations containing the words Lung: cardiopulmonary bypass.

  1. 1. Atelectasis and gas exchange impairment after cardiopulmonary bypass : An experimental study

    Author : Lennart Magnusson; Uppsala universitet; []
    Keywords : Medical sciences; Lung: cardiopulmonary bypass; MEDICIN OCH VÅRD; MEDICINE; MEDICIN; Clinical Physiology; klinisk fysiologi;

    Abstract : Despite of the improvement in management and equipment for cardiopulmonary bypass (CPB), postoperative pulmonary complications remain a major problem after cardiac surgery. In the present thesis, using a pig model, atelectasis has been tested as a cause of the increase in intrapulmonary shunt commonly seen after CPB. READ MORE

  2. 2. Endothelial function during ischemia-reperfusion and effects of inhalation of nitric oxide

    Author : Lars Lindberg; Anestesiologi och intensivvård; []
    Keywords : MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; chemiluminescence; capnography; monitoring; inhalation; mechanical ventilation; pulmonary hypertension; nitric oxide; EDRF; endothelium-derived relaxation factor; endothelium; organ preservation; Lung; lung transplantation; electrochemical fuel cell; Anaesthesiology; intensive care; Anestesiologi; intensivvård;

    Abstract : The vascular endothelium is an important regulatory organ in circulatory physiology and plays a central role in the response to acute inflammation and ischemia/reperfusion. Activation and dysfunction of the pulmonary vascular endothelium are closely related to clinical findings of pulmonary dysfunction. READ MORE

  3. 3. Regional oxygenation in cardiac surgery. Influence of temperature, pump flow and insulin

    Author : Lena Lindholm; Göteborgs universitet; Göteborgs universitet; Gothenburg University; []
    Keywords : MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; Cardiopulmonary bypass; cardiac surgery; regional oxygenation; venous oxygenation; splanchnic oxygenation; insulin; vasodilation; temperature; pump flow;

    Abstract : Surgical trauma triggers neural, endocrine and inflammatory reactions with subsequent alterations in systemic and regional blood flow, blood pressure and metabolism. These changes are detectable after all major surgical procedures but are often more pronounced after cardiac surgery, probably because of blood exposure to artificial surfaces of the heart lung machine, temperature modulation (e. READ MORE

  4. 4. Hemostatic function and inflammatory activation after weaning from cardio pulmonary bypass

    Author : Anki Olsson; Sören Berg; Joakim Alfredsson; Rolf Svedjeholm; Erik Håkansson; Tomas Gudbjartsson; Linköpings universitet; []

    Abstract : Cardiopulmonary bypass (CPB) contributes to perioperative platelet dysfunction, increased fibrinolysis and impaired coagulation, which can have an impact on postoperative bleeding. During CPB the blood is exposed to foreign surfaces leading to activation of the coagulation system and a systemic inflammatory response with complement and leukocyte activation. READ MORE

  5. 5. CARDIOTHORACIC TRAUMA: A Scandinavian Perspective

    Author : Moheb A. Rashid; Göteborgs universitet; Göteborgs universitet; Gothenburg University; []
    Keywords : Cardiothoracic trauma; Trauma; Extrapleural hematoma; Sternal fractures; Heart and lung contusions; Cardiac; pulmonary; and thoracic aortic injuries; Urgent or emergency room department thoracotomy; Sternotomy; Paraplegia; Outcome.;

    Abstract : Background: Trauma in general is a major cause of morbidity and mortality worldwide, and causes more loss of productive years than ischemic heart disease and malignancy together. Cardiothoracic trauma occurs in 60% of multitrauma patients and is 2-3 times more common than intra-abdominal visceral injuries. READ MORE