Search for dissertations about: "Marie Virtanen"

Found 5 swedish dissertations containing the words Marie Virtanen.

  1. 1. On keratin mutations in epidermolytic hyperkeratosis and the regulation of keratin expression by retinoids

    Author : Marie Virtanen; Uppsala universitet; []
    Keywords : Medical sciences; EHK; keratin; retinoids; MEDICIN OCH VÅRD; MEDICINE; MEDICIN; Dermatology and Venerology; dermatologi och venereologi;

    Abstract : Epidermolytic hyperkeratosis is a rare inherited disease of the skin caused by a dominant-negative mutation in keratin 1 (K1) or 10 (K10). Keratins are the major structural protein in epidermis and mutations causes instability of intermediate filament and keratinocyte fragility. READ MORE

  2. 2. Passivity & Breakdown of Super Duplex Stainless Steel : Studied with Electrochemical & Synchrotron Techniques

    Author : Marie Långberg; Jinshan Pan; David Lindell; Ulf Kivisäkk; Edvin Lundgren; Sannakaisa Virtanen; KTH; []
    Keywords : Passive film; duplex stainless steel; synchrotron X-ray reflectivity; X-ray diffraction; X-ray fluorescence; hard X-ray Photoelectron emission microscopy; X-ray Photoelectron spectroscopy; Electrochemical impedance; Kemi; Chemistry;

    Abstract : Super duplex stainless steel consists of two phases: austenite and ferrite, and is a highly corrosion resistant material, with a wide range of applications. The corrosion resistance of stainless steels is determined by the performance of a spontaneously formed thin Cr oxide rich film with a thickness of 1-3 nm. READ MORE

  3. 3. Disease-causing Keratin Mutations and Cytoskeletal Dysfunction in Human Skin : In vitro Models and new Pharmacologic Strategies for Treating Epidermolytic Genodermatoses

    Author : Jean Christopher Chamcheu; Anders Vahlquist; Hans Törmä; Harshad Navsaria; Marie Virtanen; Torbjörn Egelrud; Uppsala universitet; []
    Keywords : MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; epidermolysis bullosa simplex; epidermolytic ichthyosis; genodermatoses; keratin; keratin mutation; keratinocytes; gene therapy; pharmacological therapy; immortalization; gene regulation; trimethylamine N-oxide TMAO ; sodium 4-phenylbutyrate 4-PBA ; tissue engineering; cell culture; heat shock proteins; MAP kinases; Dermatology and venerology; Dermatologi och venerologi; Dermatologi och venereologi; Dermatology and Venerology;

    Abstract : Epidermolysis bullosa simplex (EBS) and epidermolytic ichthyosis (EI) are rare skin fragility diseases characterized by intra-epidermal blistering due to autosomal dominant-negative mutations in basal (KRT5 or KRT14) and suprabasal (KRT1 or KRT10) keratin genes,  respectively. Despite vast knowledge in the disease pathogenesis, the pathomechanisms are not fully understood, and no effective remedies exist. READ MORE

  4. 4. Retinoic Acid Metabolism Blocking Agents and the Skin : In vivo and in vitro Studies of the Effects on Normal and Diseased Human Epidermis

    Author : Elizabeth Pavez Loriè; Anders Vahlquist; Hans Törmä; Marie Virtanen; Helen Håkansson; Uppsala universitet; []
    Keywords : MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; CYP; CYP26; retinoids; vitamin A; RAMBA; metabolism; keratinocyte; epidermis; retinoid regulated genes; Dermatology and venerology; Dermatologi och venerologi;

    Abstract : Retinoic Acid Metabolism Blocking Agents (RAMBAs) increase the endogenous levels of all-trans retinoic acid (RA) by inhibiting CYP26 enzymes. Thus they are believed to mimic the effects of retinoid treatment. Their mechanism of action and effects on vitamin A metabolism in keratinocytes are however uncertain. READ MORE

  5. 5. Congenital Recessive Ichthyosis : Studies of Gene Expressions Related to Keratinocyte Differentiation and Skin Barrier Repair

    Author : Hanqian Zhang; Hans Törmä; Anders Vahlquist; Marie Virtanen; Mikael Ivarsson; Uppsala universitet; []
    Keywords : MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; genodermatoses; oligoarray; trancriptomics; transglutaminase-1; cornified envelope; peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor δ; all-trans retinoic acids.; Dermatologi och venereologi; Dermatology and Venerology;

    Abstract : Autosomal recessive congenital ichthyosis (ARCI) is a rare monogenetic disorder characterized by a defective skin barrier, hyperkeratosis, and dry, scaly skin. It affects keratinocyte differentiation and is caused by mutations in any of at least 12 genes believed to control the formation of ω-O-acylceramide and the corneocyte lipid envelope (CLE): ABCA12, ALOXE3, ALOX12B, CERS3, CYP4F22, ELOVL4, LIPN, NIPAL4, PNPLA1, SDR9C7, SLC27A4, and TGM1. READ MORE