Search for dissertations about: "Maternal effects"

Showing result 1 - 5 of 240 swedish dissertations containing the words Maternal effects.

  1. 1. Maternal programming: costs, benefits and constraints of maternal hormone transfer

    University dissertation from Department of Animal Ecology, Lund University

    Author : Michael Tobler; Lund University.; Lunds universitet.; [2007]
    Keywords : NATURVETENSKAP; NATURAL SCIENCES; Djurekologi; Animal ecology; aves; immune function; behavior; Maternal effects; hormones;

    Abstract : Avian mothers convey significant quantities of androgens (i.e. ?male? steroids) to their eggs, which are known to positively influence embryonic development, post-natal growth and competitive behaviour of the offspring. However, there is large inter-female variation in the amount of androgens transferred to the eggs. READ MORE

  2. 2. Maternal Separation in Rats An Experimental Model for Long-Term Effects of Early Life Experiences on Neurochemistry, Voluntary Ethanol Intake and Exploration and Risk Assessment Behavior

    University dissertation from Uppsala : Acta Universitatis Upsaliensis

    Author : Erika Roman; Uppsala universitet.; [2004]
    Keywords : MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; Pharmaceutical pharmacology; Handling; Maternal Deprivation; Environment; Opioids; Dopamine; Alcohol; Stress; Concentric Square Field; Open Field; Elevated Plus-maze; Farmaceutisk farmakologi; PHARMACY Pharmaceutical pharmacology; FARMACI Farmaceutisk farmakologi;

    Abstract : The period of early life is important for the development of individual brain function and behavior. Human studies have shown altered vulnerability to develop psychopathology and/or excessive drug intake, possibly leading to dependence, as a consequence of early life experiences. READ MORE

  3. 3. Evolutionary consequences of maternal effects and stress

    University dissertation from Stockholm : Department of Zoology, Stockholm University

    Author : Piotr K. Rowiński; Stockholms universitet.; [2019]
    Keywords : NATURVETENSKAP; NATURAL SCIENCES; parental effects; meta-analysis; development time; bet-hedging; brain size; evolutionary potential; unpredictable environments; zoologisk ekologi; Animal Ecology;

    Abstract : Maternal effects occur when maternal environment or phenotype influence offspring phenotype, in addition to genetic contribution of the mother. As maternal effects often influence phenotypes that are under natural selection, they hence have evolutionary consequences. READ MORE

  4. 4. Maternal Separation in the Rat The Short- and Long-term effects of Early-life Experience on Neuropeptides, Monoamines and Voluntary Ethanol Consumption

    University dissertation from Uppsala : Acta Universitatis Upsaliensis

    Author : Sadia Oreland; Uppsala universitet.; [2009]
    Keywords : MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; Early-life stress; Handling; Serotonin; Dopamine; Oxytocin; Vasopressin; Enkephalin; Dynorphin; Two-bottle free choice; Maternal deprivation; PHARMACY Pharmaceutical pharmacology; FARMACI Farmaceutisk farmakologi; Farmaceutisk farmakologi; Pharmaceutical Pharmacology;

    Abstract : Early-life experience has profound effects on the individual’s neurobiology and behaviour later in life. The rodent animal experimental model maternal separation (MS) was used to study this more in detail. The MS model involves short and prolonged postnatal separations simulating an emotionally safe and stressful environment, respectively. READ MORE

  5. 5. Early Experience, Maternal Care and Behavioural Test Design Effects on the Temperament of Military Working Dogs

    University dissertation from Linköping : Linköping University Electronic Press

    Author : Pernilla Foyer; Linköpings universitet.; Linköpings universitet.; Försvarshögskolan.; [2015]
    Keywords : NATURVETENSKAP; NATURAL SCIENCES; Early experience; Maternal care; Dog; Military Working Dog; Behaviour; Temperament test; Stress; Försvarssystem; Military Technology;

    Abstract : För över 15 000 år sedan började våra anfäder avla på vargar och lade då grunden för den uppsjö av olika hundraser vi ser idag. Exakt hur den här processen såg ut, när eller vart den startade vet vi faktiskt inte med säkerhet, men att vargen/hunden var det första djur att påbörja en sådan förändring, det vet vi. READ MORE