Search for dissertations about: "Mathematical and general theoretical physics"

Showing result 1 - 5 of 49 swedish dissertations containing the words Mathematical and general theoretical physics.

  1. 1. On the Use of Laser-Induced Incandescence for Soot Diagnostics: From Theoretical Aspects to Applications in Engines

    Author : Henrik Bladh; Förbränningsfysik; []
    Keywords : NATURVETENSKAP; NATURAL SCIENCES; NATURVETENSKAP; NATURAL SCIENCES; Laser-Induced Incandescence; Laser Diagnostics; LII; Soot; Model; Engine; Particulates; Soot volume fraction; Combustion; Physics; Fysik; quantum mechanics; classical mechanics; Mathematical and general theoretical physics; Matematisk och allmän teoretisk fysik; thermodynamics; statistical physics; gravitation; relativity; kvantmekanik; klassisk mekanik; termodynamik; statistisk fysik; relativitet; Gases; Gaser; fluid dynamics; plasmas; Teknik; Laserteknik; Motors and propulsion systems; Motorer; framdrivningssystem; fluiddynamik; plasma; Technological sciences; Laser technology;

    Abstract : The laser-induced incandescence technique (LII) is a laser-based diagnostic technique for measurements of soot volume fraction and particle size. The technique relies on detection of incandescent light from soot particles heated to around 4000 K using nanosecond laser pulses. READ MORE

  2. 2. Pierced, Wrapped and Torn : Aspects of String Theory Compactifications

    Author : Magdalena Larfors; Ulf Danielsson; Gary Shiu; Uppsala universitet; []
    Keywords : NATURAL SCIENCES; NATURVETENSKAP; NATURVETENSKAP; NATURAL SCIENCES; Mathematical physics; Matematisk fysik; Theoretical Physics; teoretisk fysik;

    Abstract : An outstanding problem in physics is to find a unified framework for quantum mechanics and general relativity. This is required for a better understanding of black holes and the early cosmology of the universe. String theory provides such a unification. In this thesis, we study aspects of compactifications of type IIB string theory. READ MORE

  3. 3. Aspects of the Duality between Supersymmetric Yang-Mills Theory and String Theory

    Author : Daniel Bundzik; Teoretisk partikelfysik; []
    Keywords : NATURVETENSKAP; NATURAL SCIENCES; NATURVETENSKAP; NATURAL SCIENCES; Matematisk och allmän teoretisk fysik; classical mechanics; quantum mechanics; relativity; gravitation; statistical physics; thermodynamics; Natural science; Naturvetenskap; Physics; Fysik; Mathematical and general theoretical physics; Star product; Leigh-Strassler deformation; R-matrix; Integrability; Spin-chains; Fractional D-branes; type IIB string theory; AdS CFT-correspondence; gauge gravity correspondence; kvantmekanik; klassisk mekanik; termodynamik; statistisk fysik; relativitet;

    Abstract : This thesis deals with three topics related to the Ads/CFT correspondence. In Paper I, solutions describing the geometry of fractional D1-branes of Type IIB string theory are presented. The running coupling constant is computed on the gauge theory side. READ MORE

  4. 4. Making Maps and Keeping Logs : Quantum Gravity from Classical Viewpoints

    Author : Niklas Johansson; Ulf Danielsson; Jan de Boer; Uppsala universitet; []
    Keywords : NATURAL SCIENCES; NATURVETENSKAP; NATURVETENSKAP; NATURAL SCIENCES; String theory; black holes in string theory; Calabi-Yau geometry; flux compactifications; three-dimensional gravity; Mathematical physics; Matematisk fysik; Theoretical Physics; teoretisk fysik;

    Abstract : This thesis explores three different aspects of quantum gravity. First we study D3-brane black holes in Calabi-Yau compactifications of type IIB string theory. Using the OSV conjecture and a relation between topological strings and matrix models we show that some black holes have a matrix model description. READ MORE

  5. 5. Development and application of Muffin-Tin Orbital based Green’s function techniques to systems with magnetic and chemical disorder

    Author : Andreas Kissavos; Igor Abrikosov; Hubert Ebert; Linköpings universitet; []
    Keywords : NATURAL SCIENCES; NATURVETENSKAP; NATURVETENSKAP; NATURAL SCIENCES; Mathematical physics; Theoretical Physics; Muffin-Tin Orbital method; Calculations; Magnetism; Lloyd’s formula; Mathematical physics; Matematisk fysik;

    Abstract : Accurate electronic structure calculations are becoming more and more important because of the increasing need for information about systems which are hard to perform experiments on. Databases compiled from theoretical results are also being used more than ever for applications, and the reliability of the theoretical methods are of utmost importance. READ MORE