Search for dissertations about: "Medical Radiophysics"

Showing result 1 - 5 of 11 swedish dissertations containing the words Medical Radiophysics.

  1. 1. Abdominal Aortic Aneurysm : Molecular Imaging Studies of Pathophysiology

    Author : Gustaf Tegler; Anders Wanhainen; Martin Björck; Jens Sörensen; Lars Norgren; Uppsala universitet; []
    Keywords : MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; Abdominal aortic aneurysm; AAA; Positron emission tomography; PET; Molecular Imaging; Pathophysiology; Autoradiography; Angiogenesis; integrin alphaVbeta3; FDG; 18F-FDG; 11C-PK11195; 11C-D-deprenyl; [18F]fluciclatide; Fluciclatide; Bukaortaaneurysm; Molekylär bilddiagnostik; Patofysiologi; PET; Autoradiografi; Angiogenes; Surgery; Kirurgi; Medicinsk radiofysik; Medical Radiophysics;

    Abstract : The pathological process behind abdominal aortic aneurysm (AAA) formation is poorly understood and difficult to study. The aim of the thesis was to study the pathophysiology of AAA formation with positron emission tomography (PET) technology, a molecular imaging technique, allowing in vivo studies of pathophysiological changes. READ MORE

  2. 2. Dose Management in Diagnostic Radiology - application of the DICOM imaging standard and a Monte Carlo dose engine for exposure surveillance

    Author : Hans-Erik Källman; Anders Ahnesjö; Hilde M. Olerud; Uppsala universitet; []
    Keywords : MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; Radiology; metadata; DICOM; radiation safety; Monte Carlo; source model; patient model; optimization; justification; Medicinsk radiofysik; Medical Radiophysics;

    Abstract : Ionizing radiation is used in diagnostic radiology with a large contribution to the health of the patients. The regulations to limit the detrimental effects, e.g. cancer induction, are based on recommendations from the International Commission on Radiological Protection (ICRP). READ MORE

  3. 3. Assessment of attenuation correction methods for quantitative neuro-PET/MR

    Author : Joao M. Sousa; Mark Lubberink; Lieuwe Appel; Håkan Ahlström; Mathias Engström; Ivo Rausch; Radiologi Uppsala universitet; []
    Keywords : MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; PET; MRI; attenuation correction; 68Ge transmission; quantification; 11C-PE2I; MRAC; DAT; CBF; Medicinsk radiofysik; Medical Radiophysics;

    Abstract : Hybrid PET/magnetic resonance (MR) can provide physiological, functional, and structural information simultaneously, facilitating research in neurological disorders. For quantitative PET, correction for photon attenuation (AC) is necessary. READ MORE

  4. 4. Modeling Silicon Diode Dose Response in Radiotherapy Fields using Fluence Pencil Kernels

    Author : Karin Eklund; Anders Ahnesjö; Erik Grusell; Hugo Palmans; Uppsala universitet; []
    Keywords : MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; Radiological physics; Radiofysik; Medicinsk radiofysik; Medical Radiophysics;

    Abstract : In radiotherapy, cancer is treated with ionizing radiation, most commonly bremsstrahlung photons from electrons of several MeV. Secondary electrons produced in photon-interactions results in dose deposition. The treatment response is low for low doses, raises sharply for normal treatment doses and saturates at higher doses. READ MORE

  5. 5. On potentials and limitations of perfusion MRI in neurological disorders

    Author : Markus Fahlström; Mark Lubberink; Adam Espe Hansen; Uppsala universitet; []
    Keywords : MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; Neurological disease; MRI; Perfusion; 15O-water PET; Medicinsk radiofysik; Medical Radiophysics;

    Abstract : Cerebral perfusion outlines several parameters which describe the status of cerebral haemodynamics. Numerous neurological diseases affect cerebral perfusion, thus the importance of diagnostic measurements. READ MORE