Search for dissertations about: "NATURAL SCIENCES Physics Atomic and molecular physics Chemical physics"

Showing result 1 - 5 of 100 swedish dissertations containing the words NATURAL SCIENCES Physics Atomic and molecular physics Chemical physics.

  1. 1. Methane oxidation over palladium oxide. From electronic structure to catalytic conversion

    University dissertation from Gothenburg : Chalmers tekniska högskola

    Author : Maxime van den Bossche; [2017]
    Keywords : NATURVETENSKAP; NATURAL SCIENCES; NATURVETENSKAP; NATURAL SCIENCES; TEKNIK OCH TEKNOLOGIER; ENGINEERING AND TECHNOLOGY; NATURVETENSKAP; NATURAL SCIENCES; NATURVETENSKAP; NATURAL SCIENCES; NATURVETENSKAP; NATURAL SCIENCES; NATURVETENSKAP; NATURAL SCIENCES; core-level spectroscopy; heterogeneous catalysis; PdO 101 ; palladium oxide; methane oxidation; microkinetic modelling; density functional theory;

    Abstract : Understanding how catalysts work down to the atomic level can provide ways to improve chemical processes on which our contemporary economy is heavily reliant. The oxidation of methane is one such example, which is important from an environmental point of view. READ MORE

  2. 2. The Electronic Structure of Organic Molecular Materials Theoretical and Spectroscopic Investigations

    University dissertation from Uppsala : Uppsala University, Department of Physics and Astronomy

    Author : Iulia Emilia Brumboiu; Uppsala universitet.; [2014]
    Keywords : NATURVETENSKAP; NATURAL SCIENCES; NATURVETENSKAP; NATURAL SCIENCES; NATURVETENSKAP; NATURAL SCIENCES; NATURVETENSKAP; NATURAL SCIENCES; materials theory; electronic structure; photoelectron spectroscopy; near-edge X-ray absorption fine structure; Physics with spec. in Atomic; Molecular and Condensed Matter Physics; Fysik med inriktning mot atom- molekyl- och kondenserande materiens fysik; Materialvetenskap; Materials Science;

    Abstract : In the present thesis the electronic properties of two organic molecules were studied by means of density functional theory (DFT) in connection to their possible applications in organic photovoltaics and molecular spintronics respectively.The first analysed system is the C60 derivative PCBM extensively used in polymer solar cells for the charge separation process. READ MORE

  3. 3. Spatial and temporal aspects of intense attosecond pulses for pump-probe experiments

    University dissertation from Department of Physics, Lund University

    Author : Hampus Wikmark; Lund University.; Lunds universitet.; [2019-04-23]
    Keywords : NATURVETENSKAP; NATURAL SCIENCES; TEKNIK OCH TEKNOLOGIER; ENGINEERING AND TECHNOLOGY; ultrafast lasers; ultrafast optics; attosecond pulses; pump-probe experiments; XUV light; XUV focusing; wavefront sensing; XUV optics; X-ray optics; Fysicumarkivet A:2019:Wikmark; ultrasnabba lasrar; attosekundspulser; pump-prob-experiment; XUV-ljus; vågfrontmätningar; XUV-optik; Röntgen-optik;

    Abstract : Nuclear and electronic dynamics in atoms and molecules are the foundation of many physical processes and chemical reactions. Often, these dynamics take place on timescales so much shorter than those commonly encountered that they are called ultrafast. READ MORE

  4. 4. Atomic Scale Degradation of Zirconium Alloys for Nuclear Applications

    University dissertation from Department of Physics, Lund University

    Author : Gustav Sundell; [2015]
    Keywords : NATURVETENSKAP; NATURAL SCIENCES; NATURVETENSKAP; NATURAL SCIENCES; NATURVETENSKAP; NATURAL SCIENCES; NATURVETENSKAP; NATURAL SCIENCES; NATURVETENSKAP; NATURAL SCIENCES; Irradiation damage; Hydrogen microanalysis; Hydrogen pick-up; Zirconium alloys; Atom probe tomography; Corrosion;

    Abstract : Due to their low thermal neutron capture cross-section, zirconium alloys are widely used in the nuclear industry as fuel cladding and for structural components. The lifetime of the fuel assemblies in the reactors is primarily dictated by the ability of the cladding to withstand oxidation and hydrogen pick-up from the coolant water and radiation damage induced by the neutron flux. READ MORE

  5. 5. Atom Probe Tomography of Hydrogen and of Grain Boundaries in Corroded Zircaloy-2

    University dissertation from Department of Physics, Lund University

    Author : Gustav Sundell; [2012]
    Keywords : NATURVETENSKAP; NATURAL SCIENCES; NATURVETENSKAP; NATURAL SCIENCES; NATURVETENSKAP; NATURAL SCIENCES; TEKNIK OCH TEKNOLOGIER; ENGINEERING AND TECHNOLOGY; TEKNIK OCH TEKNOLOGIER; ENGINEERING AND TECHNOLOGY; NATURVETENSKAP; NATURAL SCIENCES; corrosion; Field adsorption.; Hydrogen pick-up; Hydrogen analysis; Zirconium alloys; Atom probe tomography;

    Abstract : Due to their low thermal neutron capture cross-section, zirconium alloys are widely used in the nuclear industry for fuel cladding and structural components. The lifetime of the fuel assemblies in the reactors are largely dictated by the ability of the fuel cladding to withstand corrosion and mechanical damage. READ MORE