Search for dissertations about: "NATURAL SCIENCES Physics Condensed matter physics Critical phenomena phase transitions"

Found 5 swedish dissertations containing the words NATURAL SCIENCES Physics Condensed matter physics Critical phenomena phase transitions.

  1. 1. Phase transitions in novel superfluids and systems with correlated disorder

    University dissertation from Stockholm : KTH Royal Institute of Technology

    Author : Hannes Meier; KTH.; [2015]
    Keywords : NATURVETENSKAP; NATURAL SCIENCES; condensed matter physics; phase transitions; critical phenomena; spin models; quantum phase transitions; quantum fluids; superfluidity; superconductivity; disordered systems; Bose glass; dirty bosons; vortex pinning; statistical mechanics; Monte Carlo simulation; Wolff algorithm; classical worm algorithm; Wang-Landau algorithm; Physics; Fysik;

    Abstract : Condensed matter systems undergoing phase transitions rarely allow exact solutions. The presence of disorder renders the situation  even worse but collective Monte Carlo methods and parallel algorithms allow numerical descriptions. READ MORE

  2. 2. First Principles Calculations of Electron Transport and Structural Damage by Intense Irradiation

    University dissertation from Uppsala : Acta Universitatis Upsaliensis

    Author : Carlos Ortiz; Uppsala universitet.; [2009]
    Keywords : TEKNIK OCH TEKNOLOGIER; ENGINEERING AND TECHNOLOGY; NATURVETENSKAP; NATURAL SCIENCES; Condense matter theory; electronic structure; quasiparticles; GW theory; molecular dynamics; Boltzmann transport; electron transport; impact ionization; structural damage; dielectric response; structural biology; radiation detectors; scintillators; positron emission tommography; NATURAL SCIENCES Physics Condensed matter physics Electronic structure; NATURVETENSKAP Fysik Kondenserade materiens fysik Elektronstruktur; NATURAL SCIENCES Physics Condensed matter physics Semiconductor physics; NATURVETENSKAP Fysik Kondenserade materiens fysik Halvledarfysik; NATURAL SCIENCES Physics Condensed matter physics Biological physics; NATURVETENSKAP Fysik Kondenserade materiens fysik Biologisk fysik; NATURAL SCIENCES Physics Condensed matter physics Critical phenomena phase transitions ; NATURVETENSKAP Fysik Kondenserade materiens fysik Kritiska fenomen fasövergångar ; TECHNOLOGY Materials science Functional materials; TEKNIKVETENSKAP Teknisk materialvetenskap Funktionella material; Materiefysik; Physics of Matter;

    Abstract : First principle electronic structure theory is used to describe the effect of crystal binding on radiation detectors, electron transport properties, and structural damage induced by intense irradiation. A large database containing general electronic structure results to which data mining algorithms can be applied in the search for new functional materials, a case study is presented for scintillator detector materials. READ MORE

  3. 3. Quantum Holonomy for Many-Body Systems and Quantum Computation

    University dissertation from Växjö : Linnaeus University Press

    Author : Vahid Azimi Mousolou; Linnéuniversitetet.; [2013]
    Keywords : NATURVETENSKAP; NATURAL SCIENCES; NATURVETENSKAP; NATURAL SCIENCES; Quantum holonomy; geometric phase; quantum correlations; quantum phase transitions; quantum computation; Natural Science; Naturvetenskap; Physics; Fysik;

    Abstract : The research of this Ph. D. thesis is in the field of Quantum Computation and QuantumInformation. A key problem in this field is the fragile nature of quantum states. READ MORE

  4. 4. Crystallization of the superconducting phase in unconventional superconductors

    University dissertation from Gothenburg : Chalmers tekniska högskola

    Author : Patric Holmvall; [2019]
    Keywords : NATURVETENSKAP; NATURAL SCIENCES; NATURVETENSKAP; NATURAL SCIENCES; pattern formation; spontaneous symmetry breaking; Andreev bound states; mesoscopic superconductivity; phase crystals; thin superconducting films; phase transitions; non-local Ginzburg-Landau theory; time-reversal symmetry; flat bands; unconventional superconductivity; quasiclassical theory; translational symmetry; cuprates; inhomogeneous superconductivity;

    Abstract : Superconductivity is a macroscopic quantum phenomenon, in the sense that a macroscopic number of electrons form a pair condensate, that occupies a single ground state. The electrons in this state are phase-coherent, breaking global U (1)-symmetry, and spatial variations of the phase imply superflows that usually cost kinetic energy, resulting in a uniform and rigid phase. READ MORE

  5. 5. Critical Phenomena and Exchange Coupling in Magnetic Heterostructures

    University dissertation from Uppsala : Acta Universitatis Upsaliensis

    Author : Martina Ahlberg; Uppsala universitet.; [2012]
    Keywords : NATURVETENSKAP; NATURAL SCIENCES; phase transitions; critical behavior; 2D XY model; MOKE; magnetic thin films and superlattices; amorphous multilayers; magnetic proximity effects; Physics with spec. in Atomic; Molecular and Condensed Matter Physics; Fysik med inriktning mot atom- molekyl- och kondenserande materiens fysik;

    Abstract : The continuous phase transition in thin magnetic films and superlattices has been studied using the magneto-optical Kerr effect (MOKE) and polarized neutron scattering (PNR).  It has been shown that the critical behavior of amorphous thin films belonging to the 2D XY universality class can be described within the same theory as crystalline sample. READ MORE