Search for dissertations about: "NATURVETENSKAP Fysik Atom- och molekylfysik"

Showing result 1 - 5 of 683 swedish dissertations containing the words NATURVETENSKAP Fysik Atom- och molekylfysik.

  1. 1. Spectral Mammography with X-Ray Optics and a Photon-Counting Detector

    University dissertation from Stockholm : KTH

    Author : Erik Fredenberg; Mats Danielsson; Björn Cederström; Jeffrey H. Siewerdsen; [2009]
    Keywords : TEKNIK OCH TEKNOLOGIER; ENGINEERING AND TECHNOLOGY; TEKNIK OCH TEKNOLOGIER; ENGINEERING AND TECHNOLOGY; NATURVETENSKAP; NATURAL SCIENCES; TEKNIK OCH TEKNOLOGIER; ENGINEERING AND TECHNOLOGY; TEKNIK OCH TEKNOLOGIER; ENGINEERING AND TECHNOLOGY; TEKNIK OCH TEKNOLOGIER; ENGINEERING AND TECHNOLOGY; MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; mammography; x-ray optics; photon counting; spectral shaping; spectral imaging; collimation; radiation dose; signal-to-noise ratio; quantum noise; anatomical noise; spatial resolution; x-ray flux; ; TECHNOLOGY; TEKNIKVETENSKAP; TECHNOLOGY Engineering physics; TEKNIKVETENSKAP Teknisk fysik; TECHNOLOGY Engineering physics Optical physics; TEKNIKVETENSKAP Teknisk fysik Optisk fysik; TECHNOLOGY Engineering physics Other engineering physics; TEKNIKVETENSKAP Teknisk fysik Övrig teknisk fysik; TECHNOLOGY Electrical engineering; electronics and photonics; TEKNIKVETENSKAP Elektroteknik; elektronik och fotonik; TECHNOLOGY Other technology Medical engineering; TEKNIKVETENSKAP Övriga teknikvetenskaper Medicinsk teknik; MEDICINE Physiology and pharmacology Radiological research; MEDICIN Fysiologi och farmakologi Radiologisk forskning;

    Abstract : Early detection is vital to successfully treating breast cancer, and mammography screening is the most efficient and wide-spread method to reach this goal. Imaging low-contrast targets, while minimizing the radiation exposure to a large population is, however, a major challenge. READ MORE

  2. 2. Chemical Properties of Oxidized Silver - A Density Functional Theory Study

    University dissertation from Stockholm : KTH

    Author : Simon Klacar; [2011]
    Keywords : NATURVETENSKAP; NATURAL SCIENCES; TEKNIK OCH TEKNOLOGIER; ENGINEERING AND TECHNOLOGY; NATURVETENSKAP; NATURAL SCIENCES; TEKNIK OCH TEKNOLOGIER; ENGINEERING AND TECHNOLOGY; NATURVETENSKAP; NATURAL SCIENCES; NATURVETENSKAP; NATURAL SCIENCES; NATURVETENSKAP; NATURAL SCIENCES; NATURVETENSKAP; NATURAL SCIENCES;

    Abstract : .... READ MORE

  3. 3. Molecular Electronics - Modeling, Devices and Architecture

    University dissertation from Stockholm : KTH

    Author : Jonas Sköldberg; [2010]
    Keywords : NATURVETENSKAP; NATURAL SCIENCES; NATURVETENSKAP; NATURAL SCIENCES; TEKNIK OCH TEKNOLOGIER; ENGINEERING AND TECHNOLOGY; NATURVETENSKAP; NATURAL SCIENCES; Molecular electronics; memristor; self-assembly; threshold logic; switching networks; hybrid devices; NDR; hysteresis; reconfigurable logic; nanocell;

    Abstract : Molecular electronics is an area of micro/nanoelectronics with a number of farreaching goals and challenges: denser implementation of electronic memory and logic, less expensive manufacturing, smaller or more sensitive measurement devices, selfassembly of devices and systems and, last but not least, exploring new science and applications.In recent years, molecular electronics has expanded into a broader field of molecular-scale electronics, partly because molecular components have to be defined in solid-state contexts via lithography and self-assembly, and effectively become hybrid devices with new and interesting properties. READ MORE

  4. 4. Fiber-laser-based noise-immune cavity-enhanced optical heterodyne molecular spectrometry

    University dissertation from Umeå : Umeå University

    Author : Aleksandra Foltynowicz; Ove Axner; Weidong Chen; [2009]
    Keywords : NATURVETENSKAP; NATURAL SCIENCES; NATURVETENSKAP; NATURAL SCIENCES; absorption spectrometry; frequency modulation; cavity enhancement; NICE-OHMS; Laser frequency stabilization; fiber laser; Fabry-Perot cavities; sub-Doppler spectroscopy; trace gas detection; NATURAL SCIENCES Physics; NATURVETENSKAP Fysik; NATURAL SCIENCES Physics Atomic and molecular physics Molecular physics; NATURVETENSKAP Fysik Atom- och molekylfysik Molekylfysik; fysik; Physics;

    Abstract : Noise-immune cavity-enhanced optical heterodyne molecular spectro-metry (NICE-OHMS) is one of the most sensitive laser-based absorption techniques. The high sensitivity of NICE-OHMS is obtained by a unique combination of cavity enhancement (for increased interaction length with a sample) with frequency modulation spectrometry (for reduction of noise). READ MORE

  5. 5. Numerical Simulations of Plasmonic Nanostructures

    University dissertation from Umeå : Umeå University

    Author : Joan Alegret; [2008]
    Keywords : NATURVETENSKAP; NATURAL SCIENCES; NATURVETENSKAP; NATURAL SCIENCES; NATURVETENSKAP; NATURAL SCIENCES; NATURVETENSKAP; NATURAL SCIENCES; nanoholes; DDA; Green s tensor; nanostructures; surface plasmons;

    Abstract : This thesis focuses on the study of metallic nanostructures that support plasmons. Special emphasis is devoted to two specific numerical methods that allow us to predict plasmon characteristics: the discrete dipole approximation (DDA) and the Green's tensor (GT) method. READ MORE