Search for dissertations about: "NOX reduction"

Showing result 1 - 5 of 123 swedish dissertations containing the words NOX reduction.

  1. 1. FTIR Studies and Kinetic Modelling of NOX Reduction and NOX Storage

    Author : Björn Westerberg; Chalmers University of Technology; []
    Keywords : NOX storage; kinetic modelling; diesel exhaust; alumina; NOX reduction; FTIR spectroscopy; catalysis;

    Abstract : FTIR spectroscopy and kinetic modelling have been used to study catalysts for NOX reduction and NOX storage. For Pt/Al2O3 exposed to NO, oxygen and propene IR-bands associated with nitrates, acetate, formate, carbonates and isocyanate were observed. Experiments with NO, oxygen and HNCO showed that isocyanate is an intermediate for reduction of NOX. READ MORE

  2. 2. NOx reduction with dimethyl ether in lean exhaust

    Author : Sara U Erkfeldt; Chalmers University of Technology; []
    Keywords : TEKNIK OCH TEKNOLOGIER; ENGINEERING AND TECHNOLOGY; NOx storage; Dimethyl ether; ether; hydrocarbon-SCR; lean NOx reduction; alcohol; Cu-ZSM-5; lean NOx trap; alkane; alternative fuel;

    Abstract : There is a growing concern worldwide about the increase in anthropogenic greenhouse gas emissions, particularly carbon dioxide (CO2) from the combustion of fossil fuels. Vehicles with internal combustion engines contribute significantly to these emissions, which has led to an increased demand for engines running on alternative (non-fossil) fuels. READ MORE

  3. 3. NOx Storage and Reduction Catalysts. Reduction with Hydrogen and the Influence of Water and Carbon Dioxide

    Author : Anna Maria Lindholm; Chalmers University of Technology; []
    Keywords : TEKNIK OCH TEKNOLOGIER; ENGINEERING AND TECHNOLOGY; NSR catalyst; Pt Ba Al; H2O; CO2; Pt Al; NOx reduction; H2; NH3 formation; NOx storage; Lean NOx Trap; N2O formation; kinetic modeling; Pt Si;

    Abstract : Environmental concern has increased over the past several years and resulted in stringent emission legislation on NOx, CO, and hydrocarbon emissions from automobile exhausts. Moreover, the demands to improve the fuel efficiency of engines and to lower the CO2 emissions have increased, and a way to meet this is by using lean burn engines which operate with oxygen excess. READ MORE

  4. 4. Catalytic Reduction of NOx on Heavy-Duty Trucks

    Author : Christian Künkel; Institutionen för kemiteknik; []
    Keywords : TEKNIK OCH TEKNOLOGIER; ENGINEERING AND TECHNOLOGY; Kemiteknik och kemisk teknologi; Chemical technology and engineering; real time; strategy; model; catalysis; exhaust gas; diesel; automotive; deNOx; NOx reduction; NOx storage; HC-SCR; Carbochemistry; petrochemistry; fuels and explosives technology; Petrokemi; bränslen; sprängämnen;

    Abstract : The objective of the work described in this thesis is to identify the principles and parts of an aftertreatment system for the catalytic NOx reduction for heavy-duty diesel vehicles, and to demonstrate such a system in full-scale. The reducing agent is diesel fuel. READ MORE

  5. 5. Experimental Studies of NOx Catalysts; Storage, Reduction and Sulphur Deactivation

    Author : Annika Amberntsson; Chalmers University of Technology; []
    Keywords : barium oxide; NOx storage; platinum; rhodium; sulphur poisoning; NOx reduction;

    Abstract : The aim of this thesis work was to investigate how different gaseous compounds, present in an automotive exhaust from lean-tuned combustion, interact with so-called NOx storage catalysts containing Al2O3 as a support, BaO as the NOx storage compound and noble metals to provide oxidation and reduction functions. The investigations included model sample preparations, flow reactor studies with various gas mixtures and spectroscopic experiments (FTIR and XPS). READ MORE