Search for dissertations about: "Nano-crystals"

Showing result 1 - 5 of 8 swedish dissertations containing the word Nano-crystals.

  1. 1. Oxygen Vacancy Chemistry in Ceria

    Author : Jolla Kullgren; Kersti Hermansson; Shluger Alex; Uppsala universitet; []
    Keywords : NATURAL SCIENCES; NATURVETENSKAP; NATURVETENSKAP; NATURAL SCIENCES; Ceria; Density Functional Theory; Oxygen storage; Nano crystals; Sulfur poisoning; Chemistry with specialization in Inorganic Chemistry; Kemi med inriktning mot oorganisk kemi;

    Abstract : Cerium(IV) oxide (CeO2), ceria, is an active metal oxide used in solid oxide fuel cells and for the purification of exhaust gases in vehicle emissions control. Behind these technically important applications of ceria lies one overriding feature, namely ceria's exceptional reduction-oxidation properties. READ MORE

  2. 2. Quantum Dot Solar Cells: Towards Environmentally Friendly Materials

    Author : Viktor A. Öberg; Erik Johansson; Muhammet S. Toprak; Uppsala universitet; []
    Keywords : NATURAL SCIENCES; NATURVETENSKAP; NATURVETENSKAP; NATURAL SCIENCES; Quantum dots; Nano-crystals; Energy conversion; Solar cells; Quantum dot solar cells; Low toxicity; Silver Sulfide; Silver Bismuth Sulfide; Lead Sulfide; Chemistry with specialization in Physical Chemistry; Kemi med inriktning mot fysikalisk kemi;

    Abstract : To decrease the world’s energy dependence on fossil fuels, energy production and specifically electricity production needs to shift to more sustainable alternatives. One such alternative is solar cells as they directly convert energy emitted from the sun into electricity. READ MORE

  3. 3. Optical and Structural Characterization of GaN Based Hybrid Structures and Nanorods

    Author : Mathias Forsberg; Galia Pozina; Ching-Lien Hsiao; Oleksandr Plashkevych; Linköpings universitet; []
    Keywords : NATURAL SCIENCES; NATURVETENSKAP;

    Abstract : GaN belongs to the group III nitrides and is today the material of choice for efficient blue light emission, enabling solid state white lighting by combining red, blue and green light emitting diodes (LED) or by having a blue LED illuminating a phosphor. By combining GaN quantum well (QW) structures with colloids, nanoparticles or polyfluorene films, LEDs may be fabricate at lower cost. READ MORE

  4. 4. Refining of hydrochars/ hydrothermally carbonized biomass into activated carbons and their applications

    Author : Wenming Hao; Niklas Hedin; Robert Mokaya; Stockholms universitet; []
    Keywords : NATURAL SCIENCES; NATURVETENSKAP; NATURVETENSKAP; NATURAL SCIENCES; Hydrothermally carbonized biomass; activated carbon; full factorial design; activated carbon disc; nanoparticles; iron oxide; CO2 separation; methylene blue; adsorption; materialkemi; Materials Chemistry;

    Abstract : Hydrothermally treated biomass could not only be used as a fuel or a fertilizer but it can also be refined into high-value products. Activated carbons are one of those. READ MORE

  5. 5. Laser sintered materials with Non-equilibrium structures

    Author : Bin Qian; Zhijian Shen; Germán F. de la Fuente; Stockholms universitet; []
    Keywords : ENGINEERING AND TECHNOLOGY; TEKNIK OCH TEKNOLOGIER; Laser sintering; Materials; Non-equilibrium structures; microstructure; hierarchical structure; oorganisk kemi; Inorganic Chemistry;

    Abstract : This thesis is focused on achieving materials with non-equilibrium structures fabricated by high-energy laser sintering. The chosen precursor materials have rigid and inert structures like high-melting point ceramics or metals. READ MORE