Search for dissertations about: "Natural Sciences Biological Sciences"

Showing result 1 - 5 of 6634 swedish dissertations containing the words Natural Sciences Biological Sciences.

  1. 1. Learning-by-modeling : Novel Computational Approaches for Exploring the Dynamics of Learning and Self-governance in Social-ecological Systems

    Author : Emilie Lindkvist; Maja Schlüter; Jon Norberg; Örjan Ekeberg; James Dyke; Stockholms universitet; []
    Keywords : NATURVETENSKAP; NATURAL SCIENCES; NATURVETENSKAP; NATURAL SCIENCES; NATURVETENSKAP; NATURAL SCIENCES; SAMHÄLLSVETENSKAP; SOCIAL SCIENCES; Complex adaptive systems; Renewable resources; Adaptive management; Small-scale fisheries; Artificial intelligence; Reinforcement learning; Agent-based modeling; agent-baserade modeller; artificiell intelligens; social-ekologiska system; komplexa adaptiva system; förnyelsebara naturresurser; adaptiv förvaltning; Sustainability Science; vetenskap om hållbar utveckling;

    Abstract : As a consequence of global environmental change, sustainable management and governance of natural resources face critical challenges, such as dealing with non-linear dynamics, increased resource variability, and uncertainty. This thesis seeks to address some of these challenges by using simulation models. READ MORE

  2. 2. Effects of FODMAPs and gluten on irritable bowel syndrome- from self-reported symptoms to molecular profiling

    Author : Elise Nordin; Chalmers tekniska högskola; []
    Keywords : MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; NATURVETENSKAP; NATURAL SCIENCES; MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; NATURVETENSKAP; NATURAL SCIENCES; short-chain fatty acids; metabotyping; Bristol Stool Form Scale; randomized clinical trial; double-blind; irritable bowel syndrome; FODMAPs; microbiota; personalized nutrition; fecal consistency; differential responses; metabolomics; stool water content; gluten;

    Abstract : Irritable bowel syndrome (IBS) is a complex disorder of gut-brain interactions. The diagnosis of IBS is based on subjective reporting of abdominal pain and altered bowel habits in the absence of any clinical alterations of the gut or other pathological conditions. READ MORE

  3. 3. Genomic and morphological diversity of marine planktonic diatom-diazotroph associations : a continuum of integration and diversification through geological time

    Author : Andrea Caputo; Rachel Ann Foster; Monika Quinones Winder; Ramon Massana; Stockholms universitet; []
    Keywords : NATURVETENSKAP; NATURAL SCIENCES; NATURVETENSKAP; NATURAL SCIENCES; NATURVETENSKAP; NATURAL SCIENCES; NATURVETENSKAP; NATURAL SCIENCES; NATURVETENSKAP; NATURAL SCIENCES; NATURVETENSKAP; NATURAL SCIENCES; NATURVETENSKAP; NATURAL SCIENCES; phytoplankton; diatoms; cyanobacteria; diazotrophs; symbiosis; evolution; phylogenetics; confocal microscopy; qPCR; CARD-FISH; tropics; sub-tropics; Marine Ecology; marin ekologi;

    Abstract : Symbioses between eukaryotes and nitrogen (N2)-fixing cyanobacteria (or diazotrophs) are quite common in the plankton community. A few genera of diatoms (Bacillariophyceae) such as Rhizosolenia, Hemiaulus and Chaetoceros are well known to form symbioses with the heterocystous diazotrophic cyanobacteria Richelia intracellularis and Calothrix rhizosoleniae. READ MORE

  4. 4. Development of novel bioanalytical assays with single-molecule readout for biomarker detection and drug candidate characterization

    Author : Olov Wahlsten; Chalmers tekniska högskola; []
    Keywords : NATURVETENSKAP; NATURAL SCIENCES; NATURVETENSKAP; NATURAL SCIENCES; NATURVETENSKAP; NATURAL SCIENCES; NATURVETENSKAP; NATURAL SCIENCES; QCM-D; biomarker detection; TIRF microscopy.; Bioanalytical assay; spectrofluorometry; fluorescence; single-molecule readout; drug discovery; liposomes;

    Abstract : Bioanalytical assays with single-molecule readout for studying molecular interactions have in the past decades received increasing attention. The high sensitivity often offered by this readout scheme has for example enabled ultra-sensitive analyte detection, having important implications for monitoring early disease progression and the effects of drug treatment. READ MORE

  5. 5. Miniaturized localized surface plasmon resonance biosensors

    Author : Si Chen; Chalmers tekniska högskola; []
    Keywords : NATURVETENSKAP; NATURAL SCIENCES; NATURVETENSKAP; NATURAL SCIENCES; NATURVETENSKAP; NATURAL SCIENCES; NATURVETENSKAP; NATURAL SCIENCES; NATURVETENSKAP; NATURAL SCIENCES; colloidal lithography; Surface plasmon resonance; biosensing; electron beam lithography; single molecule; hyperspectral imaging; photo functionalization;

    Abstract : Abstract Reliable and sensitive biosensors are required for fast and accurate diagnostics. Localized surface plasmon resonances (LSPRs) in noble-metal nanoparticles possess very high refractive index sensitivity close to the metal surface and therefore constitute an attractive biosensing platform. READ MORE