Search for dissertations about: "Neighborhoods"

Showing result 1 - 5 of 39 swedish dissertations containing the word Neighborhoods.

  1. 1. Family, Neighborhoods, and Health : Conditions for the Development of Human Capabilities

    Author : Evelina Björkegren; Helena Svaleryd; Hans Grönqvist; Erik Plug; Uppsala universitet; []
    Keywords : SOCIAL SCIENCES; SAMHÄLLSVETENSKAP; SAMHÄLLSVETENSKAP; SOCIAL SCIENCES; Health; Inequality; Mortality; Intergenerational Mobility; Birth-order; Neighborhoods; Birth; Childhood; Youth; Capabilities; Education; Economics; Nationalekonomi;

    Abstract : Essay 1: We use data from a large sample of adoptees born in Sweden to decompose the intergenerational persistence in health inequality across generations into one pre-birth component, measured by the biological parents’ longevity, and one post-birth component, measured by the adopting parents’ longevity. We find that most of the health inequality is transmitted via pre-birth factors. READ MORE

  2. 2. Neighborhoods without community : collective efficacy and crime in Malmö, Sweden

    Author : Manne Gerell; Institutionen för kriminologi (KR); []
    Keywords : crime; collective efficacy; geography;

    Abstract : Brottslighet i utsatta bostadsområden har de senaste åren fått stort utrymme i samhällsdebatten. Polisen har börjat sammanställa nationella listor över de bostadsområden i Sverige som anses präglas av kriminella nätverk, samtidigt har media rapporterat att vissa brott, främst skjutningar och bilbränder, är betydligt vanligare i dessa områden än i andra delar av samhället. READ MORE

  3. 3. The Social Roles of Buildings : An Account of Materiality and Meaning in Urban Outcomes

    Author : Lauren Dean; Jens Rydgren; Charlotta Stern; Harvey Molotch; Stockholms universitet; []
    Keywords : SOCIAL SCIENCES; SAMHÄLLSVETENSKAP; SAMHÄLLSVETENSKAP; SOCIAL SCIENCES; Buildings; Building Types; Urban Studies; Materiality; Culture; Urban Forms; Urban Space; Reuse; Neighborhoods; Sociology of Buildings; Theory; Visual Methods; Historical Analysis; Santiago; Chile; Cités; Sociology; sociologi;

    Abstract : The dissertation explores the roles of buildings in urban social life. Buildings, as both a methodological tool and a research site, are valuable for understanding society. As a method, buildings allow access to various urban contexts. READ MORE

  4. 4. The Euclidean traveling salesman problem with neighborhoods and a connecting fence

    Author : Håkan Jonsson; Luleå tekniska universitet; []
    Keywords : NATURAL SCIENCES; NATURVETENSKAP; NATURVETENSKAP; NATURAL SCIENCES; Dependable Communication and Computation Systems; Kommunikations- och beräkningssystem;

    Abstract : An important class of problems in robotics deals with the planning of paths. In this thesis, we study this class of problems from an algorithmic point of view by considering cases where we have complete knowledge of the environment and each solution must ensure that a point-sized robot capable of moving continuously and turning arbitrarily accomplishes the following: (1) visits a given set of objects attached to an impenetrable simple polygon in the plane, and (2) travels along a path of minimum length over all the possible paths that visit the objects without crossing the polygon. READ MORE

  5. 5. Geometric Decompositions and Networks - Approximation Bounds and Algorithms

    Author : Joachim Gudmundsson; Institutionen för datavetenskap; []
    Keywords : NATURVETENSKAP; NATURAL SCIENCES; NATURVETENSKAP; NATURAL SCIENCES; computer technology; Systems engineering; kontroll; system; Delaunay triangulation; Computational geometry; TSP with neighborhoods; geometric spanners; covering polygons; Computer science; numerical analysis; systems; control; numerisk analys; Datalogi; algebraisk topologi; algebraic topology; Geometry; Data- och systemvetenskap; Geometri;

    Abstract : In this thesis we focus on four problems in computational geometry: In the first four chapters we consider the problem of covering an arbitrary polygon with simpler polygons, i.e., rectangles. READ MORE