Search for dissertations about: "Nitric oxide NO"

Showing result 1 - 5 of 352 swedish dissertations containing the words Nitric oxide NO.

  1. 1. Nitric oxide : An ally in extracorporeal circulation?

    Author : Vilyam Melki; Jan Borowiec; Örjan Friberg; Uppsala universitet; []
    Keywords : MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; Simulated extracorporeal circulation; Inflammation; Nitric oxide; Leukocyte activation; Staphylococcus aureus; Glyceryl trinitrate; Postoperative infection; Thorax Surgery; Thoraxkirurgi;

    Abstract : Many complications associated with heart surgery are due to the negative effects of extracorporeal circulation (ECC). Some of these complications may be attributed to ECC-induced activation of inflammation and coagulation pathways. READ MORE

  2. 2. Nitric oxide in experimental sepsis

    Author : Peter Dahm; Anestesiologi och intensivvård; []
    Keywords : MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; intensive care; Nitric oxide; Sepsis; NO inhalation; Endotoxin; Acute lung injury; ARDS; Nitric oxide synthase; L-NMMA; L-NAME; Anestesiologi; Anaesthesiology; Pigs; intensivvård;

    Abstract : Nitric oxide (NO) is important in the control of blood pressure and organ perfusion. In septic shock, NO produced by inducible NO-synthase (NOS) has been claimed to mediate pathological vasodilation and cell injury, while NO produced by constitutive NOS may be protective in counteracting hypoperfusion and organ injury. READ MORE

  3. 3. Electron and Proton Transfer in Nitric Oxide Reductase : NO Binding, NO Reduction and no Pumping

    Author : Peter Lachmann; Pia Ädelroth; Peter Brzezinski; Fahmi Himo; Stockholms universitet; []
    Keywords : Flow-Flash; Nitric Oxide Reductase; Heme Copper Oxidase;

    Abstract : Nitric oxide reductase (NOR) from Paracoccus denitrificans catalyzes the two electronreduction of NO to N2O (2NO + 2H+ + 2e- → N2O + H2O) as part of the process ofdenitrification, the step-wise reduction of nitrate to dinitogen. The NOR-catalyzedreaction is central in the nitrogen cycle, since in this step the N=N double bond isformed. READ MORE

  4. 4. Nitric oxide within the concept of united airway disease : Exhaled and nasal nitric oxide in cystic fibrosis, asthma and upper airway inflammatory diseases

    Author : Christina Krantz; Andrei Malinovschi; Kjell Alving; Celeste Porsbjerg; Uppsala universitet; []
    Keywords : MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; nitric oxide; nasal NO; exhaled NO; asthma; cystic fibrosis; airway inflammation; upper airway inflammatory disorders; united airway disease; IgE sensitisation; Lungmedicin; Lung Medicine; Pediatrik; Pediatrics;

    Abstract : Background: Within the concept of united airway disease, it is postulated that inflammatory disorders in the upper and lower airways are interrelated and influence each other. Fractional exhaled nitric oxide (FeNO) is an established biomarker of type-2 inflammation in the lower airways and is elevated in patients with asthma. READ MORE

  5. 5. Heme-copper oxidases and nitric oxide : Reaction mechanisms and supercomplex formation

    Author : Ingrid Albertsson; Pia Ädelroth; Alessandro Giuffrè; Stockholms universitet; []
    Keywords : NATURAL SCIENCES; NATURVETENSKAP; NATURVETENSKAP; NATURAL SCIENCES; Heme-copper oxidase; nitrite reductase; nitric oxide reductase; nitric oxide; supercomplex; Paracoccus denitrificans; denitrification pathway; proton transfer pathway; C-type oxidase; Helicobacter pylori; biokemi; Biochemistry;

    Abstract : In the denitrification process where nitrate is stepwise reduced to nitrogen gas, the toxic molecule nitric oxide (NO) is formed as an intermediate. Nitric oxide is produced by the enzyme cd1 Nitrite reductase (cd1NiR) by reduction of nitrite and is later reduced to nitrous oxide by nitric oxide reductase (cNOR). READ MORE