Search for dissertations about: "Nosocomial infections"

Showing result 1 - 5 of 52 swedish dissertations containing the words Nosocomial infections.

  1. 1. Staphylococcal prosthetic joint infections : similar, but still different

    Author : Staffan Tevell; Bo Söderquist; Åsa Nilsdotter-Augustinsson; Annelies Zinkernagel; Örebro universitet; []
    Keywords : MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; Prosthetic joint infections; staphylococcal infections; nasal carriage; Staphylococcus aureus; Staphylococcus epidermidis; Staphylococcus capitis; NRCS-A; antibiotic resistance; heterogeneous glycopeptide resistance; whole-genome sequencing; Infektionssjukdomar; Infectious Diseases;

    Abstract : Staphylococci constitute a major part of our commensal flora but are also the most common bacteria causing prosthetic joint infections (PJIs), a dreaded complication of arthroplasty surgery. However, not all staphylococci are the same. READ MORE

  2. 2. GB virus C/hepatitis G virus infection: clinical, histological and epidemiological aspects

    Author : Per Björkman; Enheten för infektionssjukdomar; []
    Keywords : MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; endoscopy; nosocomial; sexual transmission; parenteral transmission; blood donor; ALT; liver disease; hepatitis; GBV-C HGV; HCV; Infections; Infektioner;

    Abstract : GBV-C/HGV is a blood-borne virus related to the hepatitis C virus. We studied GBV-C/HGV infection in different populations, its transmission, and its association with liver disease. GBV-C/HGV viraemia was detected by PCR in 19/576 blood donors. Donors with normal and elevated ALT levels had similar rates of viraemia (1. READ MORE

  3. 3. Immunocompromised Patients. Infections, Diagnostics and Nosocomial Transmission

    Author : Anna Stjärne Asplund; Infektionsmedicin; []
    Keywords : ;

    Abstract : The aim of the work presented in this thesis was to improve the management of infections in immunocompromised patients by studying aspects of diagnostics, epidemiology and nosocomial transmission. Infection and rejection are common complications in lung-transplant patients, and early diagnosis and treatment are important for a positive outcome. READ MORE

  4. 4. Epidemiology of viral respiratory infections with focus on in-hospital influenza transmission

    Author : Martina Sansone; Göteborgs universitet; Göteborgs universitet; Gothenburg University; []
    Keywords : MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; influenza; rhinovirus; infection-control; hospital outbreak; nosocomial; phylogeny; polymerase chain reaction; viral transmission; whole-genome sequencing; system dynamics;

    Abstract : Human Rhinoviruses (HRV) and influenza viruses are respiratory pathogens which represent a major global disease burden. Healthcare-associated infections (HCAI) are increasingly recognized as a public health concern, but limited data has been published on the characteristics and epidemiology of HCAI caused by respiratory viruses. READ MORE

  5. 5. Norovirus Tracing in Environmental and Outbreak Settings - Experiences of waterborne, foodborne and nosocomial transmission

    Author : Nancy P Nenonen; Göteborgs universitet; Göteborgs universitet; Gothenburg University; []
    Keywords : MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; Norovirus; tracing; environment; foodborne; outbreak; waterborne; nosocomial; mussels; GI.1; oysters; GII.4; dust; surfaces; air; molecular epidemiology;

    Abstract : Noroviruses (NoV), a major cause of acute gastroenteritis in hospital settings, also occur as sporadic infections or periodic non-seasonal community outbreaks. Human NoV replicates to high concentration in the intestinal tract, is readily transmitted by the faecal-oral route, hand-to-hand contact, contaminated food and water, and by aerosols. READ MORE