Search for dissertations about: "Obesity and Type 2 diabetes"

Showing result 1 - 5 of 242 swedish dissertations containing the words Obesity and Type 2 diabetes.

  1. 1. Berries in Prevention of Metabolic Disease – focus on obesity, diabetes and gut microbiota

    Author : Lovisa Heyman; Molekylär nutrition; []
    Keywords : MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; NATURVETENSKAP; NATURAL SCIENCES; MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; NATURVETENSKAP; MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; NATURAL SCIENCES; MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; obesity; type 2 diabetes; berries; low-grade inflammation; gut microbiota; hepatic steatosis; gene expression; DNA methylation; lingonberry; blackcurrant; bilberry; açai;

    Abstract : The increasing prevalence of obesity is a worldwide health problem closely linked to diet and lifestyle factors. Obesity is associated with increased risk of several metabolic disorders including insulin resistance, nonalcoholic fatty liver disease and type 2 diabetes. READ MORE

  2. 2. Dietary Fatty Acids and Inflammation : Observational and Interventional Studies

    Author : Helena Bjermo; Ulf Risérus; Tommy Cederholm; Parveen Yaqoob; Uppsala universitet; []
    Keywords : MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; Dietary fat; Fatty acids; Serum fatty acid composition; Linoleic acid; Stearoyl coenzymeA desaturase; SCD-1; Inflammation; C-reactive protein; Oxidative stress; Lipid peroxidation; Isoprostanes; Prostaglandins; Obesity; Epidemiology; Dietary intervention; Metabolic syndrome; Nutrition; Näringslära; Epidemiology; Epidemiologi; Public health science; Folkhälsovetenskap; Immunology; Immunologi; Diabetology; Diabetologi; Cardiology; Kardiologi; Medical Science; Medicinsk vetenskap;

    Abstract : Dietary fat quality influences the risk of type 2 diabetes and cardiovascular disease. A low-grade inflammation is suggested to contribute to the disease development, often accompanied by obesity. Whereas n-3 polyunsaturated fatty acids (PUFA) have been considered anti-inflammatory, n-6 PUFA have been proposed to act pro-inflammatory. READ MORE

  3. 3. Brain function and glucocorticoids in obesity and type 2 diabetes including effects of lifestyle interventions

    Author : Andreas Stomby; Tommy Olsson; Mats Ryberg; Carl-Johan Boraxbekk; Alasdair MacLullich; Umeå universitet; []
    Keywords : MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; Obesity; type 2 diabetes; glucocorticoid; cortisol; 11beta hydroxysteroid dehydrogenase type 1; episodic memory; functional magnetic resonance imaging; paleolithic diet; exercise; Internal Medicine; invärtesmedicin; medicin; Medicine;

    Abstract : Background Obesity and associated metabolic dysregulation are linked to impaired cognitive function and alterations in brain structure, which increases the risk of age-related dementia. Increased glucocorticoid (GC) exposure may be a potential mediator of these negative effects on the brain. READ MORE

  4. 4. FOXC2 and CAPN10 as candidate genes for obesity, insulin resistance and type 2 diabetes

    Author : Emma A Nilsson; diabetes och endokrinologi Genomik; []
    Keywords : MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; Biomedicinska vetenskaper; Biomedical sciences; Type 2 diabetes; Genetics; Obesity;

    Abstract : The worldwide prevalence of obesity and type 2 diabetes is increasing rapidly. Both disorders depend on genetic and environmental factors. The studies included in this thesis investigated the possible association of the FOXC2 and CAPN10 genes with obesity, insulin resistance, type 2 diabetes, and related phenotypes. READ MORE

  5. 5. Lifestyle and glycaemic control before and after the onset of type 2 diabetes

    Author : Robert Koivula; Genetisk och molekylär epidemiologi; []
    Keywords : MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; Type 2 Diabetes; Prediabetes; Obesity; Beta-cell Function; Insulin Sensitivity; Physical Activity; Exercise; Diet; Lifestyle; Ectopic Fat; Genetic Epidemiology; Genetic Risk; Biomarker; Precision Medicine;

    Abstract : Type 2 diabetes (T2D) is a complex disease with widespread physiological insults to the regulation of metabolic homeostasis, above all glycaemic regulation. The pathogenesis of T2D and its progression is broadly understood to be through a gradual decrease in peripheral insulin sensitivity, a compensatory rise in insulin secretion, and a gradual decline in beta-cell function, resulting in glycaemic dysregulation and eventual T2D. READ MORE