Search for dissertations about: "Occupant postures"

Found 5 swedish dissertations containing the words Occupant postures.

  1. 1. Pre-Crash and In-Crash Car Occupant Safety Assessment

    Author : Alexandros Leledakis; Chalmers University of Technology; []
    Keywords : TEKNIK OCH TEKNOLOGIER; TEKNIK OCH TEKNOLOGIER; MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; ENGINEERING AND TECHNOLOGY; ENGINEERING AND TECHNOLOGY; MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; Crash Configurations; Advanced Driver Assistance Systems ADAS ; Human Body Model; Crashworthiness; Intersection crashes; Occupant postures; Real-world safety;

    Abstract : Tens of millions are annually injured in Road Traffic Accidents (RTAs) worldwide, while the estimated number of RTA fatalities amounted to 1.35 million in 2016. In Europe, car occupants hold the largest share (48%) of fatalities among all road users. The high fatality and injury numbers motivate the work of enhancing road traffic safety. READ MORE

  2. 2. Does spinal alignment influence car occupant responses? -The influence of variation in whole spinal alignment patterns on vertebral kinematics under rear impact conditions-

    Author : Fusako Sato Sakayachi; Chalmers University of Technology; []
    Keywords : TEKNIK OCH TEKNOLOGIER; ENGINEERING AND TECHNOLOGY; neck injury; rear impact; whiplash; occupant; female; cervical vertebral kinematics; MRI; Multi-Dimensional Scaling; automotive seated posture; spinal alignment;

    Abstract : The susceptibility of women to Whiplash Associated Disorders (WADs) has been the focus of numerous epidemiologic studies. Summarising the epidemiologic WAD studies, women were found to be subject to up to three times higher risk of sustaining WADs than men. READ MORE

  3. 3. Interaction between humans and car seats : studies of occupant seat adjustment, posture, position, and real world neck injuries in rear-end impacts

    Author : Bertil Jonsson; Ulf Björnstig; Mats Svensson; Anders Kullgren; Umeå universitet; []
    Keywords : Surgery; backset; Whiplash; rear-end impact; seated posture; seated position; bioRID; Kirurgi; Surgery; kirurgi;

    Abstract : Background: The latest generation of rear-end whiplash protection systems, as found in the WHIPS Volvo and SAHR Saab, have reduced injury rates by almost 50% in comparison with the previous generation of seat/head restraint systems. Occupant behaviour, such as seated posture and seat adjustment settings, may affect the injury risk. READ MORE

  4. 4. Computer Manikins in Evaluation of Manual Assembly Tasks

    Author : Dan Lämkull; Chalmers University of Technology; []
    Keywords : TEKNIK OCH TEKNOLOGIER; ENGINEERING AND TECHNOLOGY; computer manikin software; virtual ergonomics; manikin appearance; digital human modelling; ergonomics evaluation; posture wizard; working posture;

    Abstract : Digital human modelling (DHM) tools have been introduced in industry to facilitate a faster and more cost efficient design process. The research in this thesis is directed towards the DHM-tool-users’ needs and the objective is to identify difficulties and shortcomings, and identify requirements for improving the output of DHM-simulations. READ MORE

  5. 5. Child Passenger Kinematics in Emergency Manoeuvres

    Author : Isabelle Stockman; Chalmers University of Technology; []
    Keywords : ;

    Abstract : ABSTRACTIn motor vehicle impacts, a child’s head is generally the most frequently injured body region, irrespective of impact direction. Head to front seat back impact has been identified as a predominant cause of injury for rear seated, seat belt restrained children, aged 3 – 13, who sustained AIS2+ head injuries in frontal impacts. READ MORE