Search for dissertations about: "Opioid consumption"

Showing result 1 - 5 of 19 swedish dissertations containing the words Opioid consumption.

  1. 1. Alcohol Consumption among Adolescents : Psychosocial and Genetic influences

    Author : Erika Comasco; Kent W. Nilsson; Lars Oreland; Rainer Spanagel; Uppsala universitet; []
    Keywords : adolescents; alcohol; biomarkers; depression; drinking motives; FAEE; gene environment interaction; interview; OPRM1; PER2; PEth; questionnaire; sleep; Neuroscience; Neurovetenskap;

    Abstract : The present thesis is based on four studies focusing on alcohol consumption among Swedish adolescents, and therewith related psychosocial and genetic factors. One main objective was to study the reasons for drinking alcohol among different population - representative samples of adolescents in order to identify motives for drinking. READ MORE

  2. 2. Involvement of the Opioid System in High Alcohol Consumption : Environmental and Genetic Influences

    Author : Karolina Ploj; Jörgen A Engel; Uppsala universitet; []
    Keywords : MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; Pharmaceutical biosciences; Opioids; ethanol; stress; maternal separation; neonatal handling; Farmaceutisk biovetenskap; Biopharmacy; Biofarmaci; farmaceutisk farmakologi; Pharmaceutical Pharmacology;

    Abstract : It is well accepted that both inherent and environmental factors influence the pathogenesis of alcohol dependence. This thesis investigates the role of the opioid system in the initiation and maintenance of high ethanol intake. READ MORE

  3. 3. Early Environment and Adolescent Ethanol Consumption : Effects on Endogenous Opioids and Behaviour in Rats

    Author : Loudin Daoura; Ingrid Nylander; Erika Roman; Bo Söderpalm; Uppsala universitet; []
    Keywords : MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; Alcohol; intermittent ethanol access; maternal separation; multivariate concentric square field™ test; maternal behavior; ultrasonic vocalization; adolescent; neonatal handling; Farmaceutisk farmakologi; Pharmaceutical Pharmacology;

    Abstract : Excessive and compulsive ethanol drinking is one of the most serious public health issues. Therefore, it is vital to increase the knowledge about risks and protection for alcohol use disorders (AUD) to optimize prevention and treatment strategies. READ MORE

  4. 4. Brain opioid mechanisms in amphetamine induced behaviours

    Author : Jenny Häggkvist; Karolinska Institutet; Karolinska Institutet; []
    Keywords : MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP;

    Abstract : Amphetamine abuse and dependence are global health problems, affecting large numbers of individuals. Despite extensive research efforts, there has been no evidence-based pharmacotherapy available for amphetamine dependence. READ MORE

  5. 5. Opioid reducing strategies in post-operative pain management

    Author : Mariann Legeby; Karolinska Institutet; Karolinska Institutet; []
    Keywords : MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP;

    Abstract : Adequate pain treatment is motivated by humanitarian grounds. It also seeks to reduce morbidity, improve recovery and diminish risks of persistent postoperative pain. The present Study I evaluates patient-controlled analgesia (PCA) against conventional nurse-administered opioid therapy. READ MORE