Search for dissertations about: "Optics and Photonics"

Showing result 1 - 5 of 34 swedish dissertations containing the words Optics and Photonics.

  1. 1. Spectral Mammography with X-Ray Optics and a Photon-Counting Detector

    University dissertation from Stockholm : KTH

    Author : Erik Fredenberg; KTH.; [2009]
    Keywords : TEKNIK OCH TEKNOLOGIER; ENGINEERING AND TECHNOLOGY; TEKNIK OCH TEKNOLOGIER; ENGINEERING AND TECHNOLOGY; NATURVETENSKAP; NATURAL SCIENCES; TEKNIK OCH TEKNOLOGIER; ENGINEERING AND TECHNOLOGY; TEKNIK OCH TEKNOLOGIER; ENGINEERING AND TECHNOLOGY; TEKNIK OCH TEKNOLOGIER; ENGINEERING AND TECHNOLOGY; MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; mammography; x-ray optics; photon counting; spectral shaping; spectral imaging; collimation; radiation dose; signal-to-noise ratio; quantum noise; anatomical noise; spatial resolution; x-ray flux; ; TECHNOLOGY; TEKNIKVETENSKAP; TECHNOLOGY Engineering physics; TEKNIKVETENSKAP Teknisk fysik; TECHNOLOGY Engineering physics Optical physics; TEKNIKVETENSKAP Teknisk fysik Optisk fysik; TECHNOLOGY Engineering physics Other engineering physics; TEKNIKVETENSKAP Teknisk fysik Övrig teknisk fysik; TECHNOLOGY Electrical engineering; electronics and photonics; TEKNIKVETENSKAP Elektroteknik; elektronik och fotonik; TECHNOLOGY Other technology Medical engineering; TEKNIKVETENSKAP Övriga teknikvetenskaper Medicinsk teknik; MEDICINE Physiology and pharmacology Radiological research; MEDICIN Fysiologi och farmakologi Radiologisk forskning;

    Abstract : Early detection is vital to successfully treating breast cancer, and mammography screening is the most efficient and wide-spread method to reach this goal. Imaging low-contrast targets, while minimizing the radiation exposure to a large population is, however, a major challenge. READ MORE

  2. 2. Mid-infrared photonic devices for on-chip optical gas sensing

    University dissertation from KTH Royal Institute of Technology

    Author : Floria Ottonello Briano; KTH.; [2019]
    Keywords : TEKNIK OCH TEKNOLOGIER; ENGINEERING AND TECHNOLOGY; TEKNIK OCH TEKNOLOGIER; ENGINEERING AND TECHNOLOGY; TEKNIK OCH TEKNOLOGIER; ENGINEERING AND TECHNOLOGY; TEKNIK OCH TEKNOLOGIER; ENGINEERING AND TECHNOLOGY; NATURVETENSKAP; NATURAL SCIENCES; NATURVETENSKAP; NATURAL SCIENCES; mid-infrared; mid-IR; photonics; silicon photonics; gas sensing; optical sensing; optical gas sensing; spectroscopy; absorption; dispersion; carbon dioxide; CO2; CO2 sensing; trace gas; ethanol sensing; alcohol sensing; waveguide; photonic waveguide; ring resonator; nanowire; nanoheater; emitter; thermal source; bolometer; microbolometer; thermal detector; high frequency; 3 omega method; plasmonic; platinum; Kanthal; silicon-on-insulator; micro-electro-mechanical systems MEMS ; microfabrication; microsystems; microtechnology; nanotechnology; Optics and Photonics; Optik och fotonik; Electrical Engineering; Elektro- och systemteknik;

    Abstract : Gas detection is crucial in a wide range of fields and applications, such as safety and process control in the industry, atmospheric sciences, and breath diagnostics. Optical gas sensing offers some key advantages, compared to other sensing methods such as electrochemical and semiconductor sensing: high specificity, fast response, and minimal drift. READ MORE

  3. 3. Designer magnetoplasmonics for adaptive nano-optics

    University dissertation from KTH Royal Institute of Technology

    Author : Irina Zubritskaya; Göteborgs universitet.; Gothenburg University.; [2017]
    Keywords : NATURVETENSKAP; NATURAL SCIENCES; NATURVETENSKAP; NATURAL SCIENCES; Photonics; magnetoplasmonics; magneto-optics; magneto-optical Kerr effect MOKE ; plasmon ruler; nickel; cobalt; gold; silicon; localized surface plasmon resonance; dimer; trimer; chiroptics; chiral transmission; 2D nanoantennas; dynamic tuning; metal-dielectric; 3D nanoantennas; metasurface; magnetic modulation; perpendicular magnetic anisotropy.;

    Abstract : Materials that provide real-time control of the fundamental properties of light at visible and near-infrared frequencies enable the essential components for future optical devices. Metal nanostructures that couple electromagnetic (EM) radiation on a sub-wavelength length scale to free electrons, forming propagating or localized surface plasmons, provide many exciting functionalities due to their ability to manipulate light via the local EM field shaping and enhancement. READ MORE

  4. 4. VCSEL Cavity Engineering for High Speed Modulation and Silicon Photonics Integration

    University dissertation from ; Chalmers tekniska högskola; Gothenburg

    Author : Emanuel Haglund; [2018]
    Keywords : TEKNIK OCH TEKNOLOGIER; ENGINEERING AND TECHNOLOGY; NATURVETENSKAP; NATURAL SCIENCES; TEKNIK OCH TEKNOLOGIER; ENGINEERING AND TECHNOLOGY; high-speed modulation; on-chip laser source; vertical-cavity surface-emitting laser VCSEL ; semiconductor lasers; optical interconnects; large signal modulation; laser dynamics; heterogeneous integration; vertical-cavity silicon-integrated laser VCSIL ; silicon photonics;

    Abstract : The GaAs-based vertical-cavity surface-emitting laser (VCSEL) is the standard light source in today's optical interconnects, due to its energy efficiency, low cost, and high speed already at low drive currents. The latest commercial VCSELs operate at data rates of up to 28 Gb/s, but it is expected that higher speeds will be required in the near future. READ MORE

  5. 5. Silicon-based Photonic Devices Design, Fabrication and Characterization

    University dissertation from Stockholm : KTH

    Author : Ziyang Zhang; KTH.; [2008]
    Keywords : NATURVETENSKAP; NATURAL SCIENCES; Photonic Devices; Silicon Photonics; Parallel Computation; Nanofabrication; Electron Beam Lithography; Optical Characterisation; NATURAL SCIENCES Physics Other physics Optics; NATURVETENSKAP Fysik Övrig fysik Optik;

    Abstract : The field of Information and Communication Technologies is witnessing a development speed unprecedented in history. Moore’s law proves that the processor speed and memory size are roughly doubling each 18 months, which is expected to continue in the next decade. READ MORE