Search for dissertations about: "Optik och fotonik"

Showing result 1 - 5 of 32 swedish dissertations containing the words Optik och fotonik.

  1. 1. Spectral Mammography with X-Ray Optics and a Photon-Counting Detector

    University dissertation from Stockholm : KTH

    Author : Erik Fredenberg; KTH.; [2009]
    Keywords : TEKNIK OCH TEKNOLOGIER; ENGINEERING AND TECHNOLOGY; TEKNIK OCH TEKNOLOGIER; ENGINEERING AND TECHNOLOGY; NATURVETENSKAP; NATURAL SCIENCES; TEKNIK OCH TEKNOLOGIER; ENGINEERING AND TECHNOLOGY; TEKNIK OCH TEKNOLOGIER; ENGINEERING AND TECHNOLOGY; TEKNIK OCH TEKNOLOGIER; ENGINEERING AND TECHNOLOGY; MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; mammography; x-ray optics; photon counting; spectral shaping; spectral imaging; collimation; radiation dose; signal-to-noise ratio; quantum noise; anatomical noise; spatial resolution; x-ray flux; ; TECHNOLOGY; TEKNIKVETENSKAP; TECHNOLOGY Engineering physics; TEKNIKVETENSKAP Teknisk fysik; TECHNOLOGY Engineering physics Optical physics; TEKNIKVETENSKAP Teknisk fysik Optisk fysik; TECHNOLOGY Engineering physics Other engineering physics; TEKNIKVETENSKAP Teknisk fysik Övrig teknisk fysik; TECHNOLOGY Electrical engineering; electronics and photonics; TEKNIKVETENSKAP Elektroteknik; elektronik och fotonik; TECHNOLOGY Other technology Medical engineering; TEKNIKVETENSKAP Övriga teknikvetenskaper Medicinsk teknik; MEDICINE Physiology and pharmacology Radiological research; MEDICIN Fysiologi och farmakologi Radiologisk forskning;

    Abstract : Early detection is vital to successfully treating breast cancer, and mammography screening is the most efficient and wide-spread method to reach this goal. Imaging low-contrast targets, while minimizing the radiation exposure to a large population is, however, a major challenge. READ MORE

  2. 2. Digital Dispersion Equalization and Carrier Phase Estimation in 112-Gbit/s Coherent Optical Fiber Transmission System

    University dissertation from Stockholm : KTH Royal Institute of Technology

    Author : Tianhua Xu; KTH.; [2011]
    Keywords : NATURVETENSKAP; NATURAL SCIENCES; TEKNIK OCH TEKNOLOGIER; ENGINEERING AND TECHNOLOGY; Coherent transmission; chromatic dispersion; carrier phase estimation; digital signal processing; NATURAL SCIENCES Physics Other physics Optics; NATURVETENSKAP Fysik Övrig fysik Optik; TECHNOLOGY Electrical engineering; electronics and photonics Photonics; TEKNIKVETENSKAP Elektroteknik; elektronik och fotonik Fotonik; SRA - ICT; SRA - Informations- och kommunikationsteknik;

    Abstract : Coherent detection employing multilevel modulation format has become one of the most promising technologies for next generation high speed transmission system due to the high power and spectral efficiencies. With the powerful digital signal processing (DSP), coherent optical receivers allow the significant equalization of chromatic dispersion (CD), polarization mode dispersion (PMD), phase noise (PN) and nonlinear effects in the electrical domain. READ MORE

  3. 3. Mid-infrared photonic devices for on-chip optical gas sensing

    University dissertation from KTH Royal Institute of Technology

    Author : Floria Ottonello Briano; KTH.; [2019]
    Keywords : TEKNIK OCH TEKNOLOGIER; ENGINEERING AND TECHNOLOGY; TEKNIK OCH TEKNOLOGIER; ENGINEERING AND TECHNOLOGY; TEKNIK OCH TEKNOLOGIER; ENGINEERING AND TECHNOLOGY; TEKNIK OCH TEKNOLOGIER; ENGINEERING AND TECHNOLOGY; NATURVETENSKAP; NATURAL SCIENCES; NATURVETENSKAP; NATURAL SCIENCES; mid-infrared; mid-IR; photonics; silicon photonics; gas sensing; optical sensing; optical gas sensing; spectroscopy; absorption; dispersion; carbon dioxide; CO2; CO2 sensing; trace gas; ethanol sensing; alcohol sensing; waveguide; photonic waveguide; ring resonator; nanowire; nanoheater; emitter; thermal source; bolometer; microbolometer; thermal detector; high frequency; 3 omega method; plasmonic; platinum; Kanthal; silicon-on-insulator; micro-electro-mechanical systems MEMS ; microfabrication; microsystems; microtechnology; nanotechnology; Optics and Photonics; Optik och fotonik; Electrical Engineering; Elektro- och systemteknik;

    Abstract : Gas detection is crucial in a wide range of fields and applications, such as safety and process control in the industry, atmospheric sciences, and breath diagnostics. Optical gas sensing offers some key advantages, compared to other sensing methods such as electrochemical and semiconductor sensing: high specificity, fast response, and minimal drift. READ MORE

  4. 4. Structured Metallic Films for Enhanced Light Transmission and Absorption

    University dissertation from Stockholm : KTH Royal Institute of Technology

    Author : Reyhaneh Soltanmoradi; KTH.; [2015]
    Keywords : TEKNIK OCH TEKNOLOGIER; ENGINEERING AND TECHNOLOGY; NATURVETENSKAP; NATURAL SCIENCES; Physics; Fysik; Informations- och kommunikationsteknik; Information and Communication Technology;

    Abstract : Photonic devices such as light emitters, detectors, solar cells etc. are playing increasingly important roles in modern society. Yet their structures and designs are still under constant improvement, driven mostly by advances in material science and progress in integration techniques. READ MORE

  5. 5. Near-Field Radiative Heat Transfer between Plasmonic Nanostructures

    University dissertation from Stockholm : KTH Royal Institute of Technology

    Author : Jin Dai; KTH.; [2016]
    Keywords : NATURVETENSKAP; NATURAL SCIENCES; NATURVETENSKAP; NATURAL SCIENCES; TEKNIK OCH TEKNOLOGIER; ENGINEERING AND TECHNOLOGY; Physics; Fysik; Energiteknik; Energy Technology;

    Abstract : Radiative heat transfer (RHT) due to coupled electromagnetic near field scan significantly exceed that dictated by Planck’s law. Understanding such phenomenon is not only of fundamental scientific interest, but also relevant to a broad range of applications especially connected to nanotechnologies. READ MORE