Search for dissertations about: "Optik och fotonik"

Showing result 1 - 5 of 37 swedish dissertations containing the words Optik och fotonik.

  1. 1. Digital Dispersion Equalization and Carrier Phase Estimation in 112-Gbit/s Coherent Optical Fiber Transmission System

    Author : Tianhua Xu; Sergei Popov; Gunnar Jacobsen; Jie Li; Magnus Karlsson; KTH; []
    Keywords : NATURAL SCIENCES; NATURVETENSKAP; ENGINEERING AND TECHNOLOGY; TEKNIK OCH TEKNOLOGIER; NATURVETENSKAP; TEKNIK OCH TEKNOLOGIER; NATURAL SCIENCES; ENGINEERING AND TECHNOLOGY; Coherent transmission; chromatic dispersion; carrier phase estimation; digital signal processing; Optics; Optik; Photonics; Fotonik; SRA - ICT; SRA - Informations- och kommunikationsteknik;

    Abstract : Coherent detection employing multilevel modulation format has become one of the most promising technologies for next generation high speed transmission system due to the high power and spectral efficiencies. With the powerful digital signal processing (DSP), coherent optical receivers allow the significant equalization of chromatic dispersion (CD), polarization mode dispersion (PMD), phase noise (PN) and nonlinear effects in the electrical domain. READ MORE

  2. 2. Spectral Mammography with X-Ray Optics and a Photon-Counting Detector

    Author : Erik Fredenberg; Mats Danielsson; Björn Cederström; Jeffrey H. Siewerdsen; KTH; []
    Keywords : ENGINEERING AND TECHNOLOGY; TEKNIK OCH TEKNOLOGIER; NATURAL SCIENCES; NATURVETENSKAP; ENGINEERING AND TECHNOLOGY; TEKNIK OCH TEKNOLOGIER; ENGINEERING AND TECHNOLOGY; TEKNIK OCH TEKNOLOGIER; ENGINEERING AND TECHNOLOGY; TEKNIK OCH TEKNOLOGIER; MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; NATURVETENSKAP; TEKNIK OCH TEKNOLOGIER; MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; NATURAL SCIENCES; ENGINEERING AND TECHNOLOGY; MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; mammography; x-ray optics; photon counting; spectral shaping; spectral imaging; collimation; radiation dose; signal-to-noise ratio; quantum noise; anatomical noise; spatial resolution; x-ray flux; ; TECHNOLOGY; TEKNIKVETENSKAP; Engineering physics; Teknisk fysik; Optical physics; Optisk fysik; Other engineering physics; Övrig teknisk fysik; Electrical engineering; electronics and photonics; Elektroteknik; elektronik och fotonik; Medical engineering; Medicinsk teknik; Radiological research; Radiologisk forskning;

    Abstract : Early detection is vital to successfully treating breast cancer, and mammography screening is the most efficient and wide-spread method to reach this goal. Imaging low-contrast targets, while minimizing the radiation exposure to a large population is, however, a major challenge. READ MORE

  3. 3. Mid-infrared photonic devices for on-chip optical gas sensing

    Author : Floria Ottonello Briano; Kristinn B. Gylfason; Delphine Marris-Morini; KTH; []
    Keywords : ENGINEERING AND TECHNOLOGY; TEKNIK OCH TEKNOLOGIER; ENGINEERING AND TECHNOLOGY; TEKNIK OCH TEKNOLOGIER; ENGINEERING AND TECHNOLOGY; TEKNIK OCH TEKNOLOGIER; NATURAL SCIENCES; NATURVETENSKAP; NATURAL SCIENCES; NATURVETENSKAP; NATURVETENSKAP; NATURVETENSKAP; TEKNIK OCH TEKNOLOGIER; TEKNIK OCH TEKNOLOGIER; TEKNIK OCH TEKNOLOGIER; NATURAL SCIENCES; NATURAL SCIENCES; ENGINEERING AND TECHNOLOGY; ENGINEERING AND TECHNOLOGY; ENGINEERING AND TECHNOLOGY; mid-infrared; mid-IR; photonics; silicon photonics; gas sensing; optical sensing; optical gas sensing; spectroscopy; absorption; dispersion; carbon dioxide; CO2; CO2 sensing; trace gas; ethanol sensing; alcohol sensing; waveguide; photonic waveguide; ring resonator; nanowire; nanoheater; emitter; thermal source; bolometer; microbolometer; thermal detector; high frequency; 3 omega method; plasmonic; platinum; Kanthal; silicon-on-insulator; micro-electro-mechanical systems MEMS ; microfabrication; microsystems; microtechnology; nanotechnology; Optik och fotonik; Optics and Photonics; Electrical Engineering; Elektro- och systemteknik;

    Abstract : Gas detection is crucial in a wide range of fields and applications, such as safety and process control in the industry, atmospheric sciences, and breath diagnostics. Optical gas sensing offers some key advantages, compared to other sensing methods such as electrochemical and semiconductor sensing: high specificity, fast response, and minimal drift. READ MORE

  4. 4. Structured Metallic Films for Enhanced Light Transmission and Absorption

    Author : Reyhaneh Soltanmoradi; Min Yan; Sanshui Xiao; KTH; []
    Keywords : ENGINEERING AND TECHNOLOGY; TEKNIK OCH TEKNOLOGIER; NATURAL SCIENCES; NATURVETENSKAP; NATURVETENSKAP; NATURAL SCIENCES; Fysik; Physics; Informations- och kommunikationsteknik; Information and Communication Technology;

    Abstract : Photonic devices such as light emitters, detectors, solar cells etc. are playing increasingly important roles in modern society. Yet their structures and designs are still under constant improvement, driven mostly by advances in material science and progress in integration techniques. READ MORE

  5. 5. Design and Numerical Modelling of Nanoplasmonic Structures at Near-Infrared for Telecom Applications

    Author : Seyed Morteza Ebadi; Jonas Örtegren; Max Yan; Magnus Hummelgård; Carl Hägglund; Mittuniversitetet; []
    Keywords : NATURAL SCIENCES; NATURVETENSKAP; ENGINEERING AND TECHNOLOGY; TEKNIK OCH TEKNOLOGIER; ENGINEERING AND TECHNOLOGY; TEKNIK OCH TEKNOLOGIER; NATURVETENSKAP; TEKNIK OCH TEKNOLOGIER; NATURAL SCIENCES; ENGINEERING AND TECHNOLOGY; Surface plasmon polaritons SPPs ; resonators; photonic integrated circuits PICs ; wavelength filtering devices; MIM waveguides.; ytplasmon-polaritoner SPPs ; resonatorer; fotoniska integrerade kretsar PIC- enheter ; våglängdsfiltreringsenheter; MIM-vågledare.;

    Abstract : Industrial innovation is mostly driven by miniaturization. As a result of remarkable technological advancements in the fields of equipment, materials and production processes, transistor, the fundamental active component in conventional electronics, has shrunk in size. READ MORE