Search for dissertations about: "Optimistic bias"

Showing result 1 - 5 of 8 swedish dissertations containing the words Optimistic bias.

  1. 1. Individual Preferences, Choices, and Risk Perceptions - survey based evidence

    Author : Elina Lampi; Göteborgs universitet; Göteborgs universitet; Gothenburg University; []
    Keywords : SAMHÄLLSVETENSKAP; SOCIAL SCIENCES; administrators; aircraft; airports; birth order; choice experiment; citizens; environmental policy; female infertility; free entrance; general risk; health care; information; media; museum; natural experiment; noise; only-child; optimistic bias; personal risk; positional concern; relative income; siblings; stated preferences; visitor composition.;

    Abstract : Paper 1 investigates how birth order and having siblings affect positional concerns in terms of success at work and of income. We find that only-children are the most positional, but that number of siblings increases the concern for their position among those who grew up together with siblings. READ MORE

  2. 2. The publics’ perspective on cardiovascular risk information : Implications for practice

    Author : Åsa Grauman; Mats G. Hansson; Stefan James; Jorien Veldwijk; Liesbeth Claassen; Uppsala universitet; []
    Keywords : Cardiovascular diseases; Health checks; Risk communication; Cardiovascular risk communication; Optimistic bias; Family history; General health; Preferences; Public perspective; Prevention; Mental distress; Health related quality of life;

    Abstract : Lay people struggle to understand the implications of cardiovascular risk information. With new advanced testing techniques and the digitalization of personal health information, the communication of cardiovascular risk becomes a challenge. READ MORE

  3. 3. On the relation of optimism and self-esteem to sensual-aesthetic capacity and subjective health

    Author : Leif Wenglert; Lars-Olof Persson; Stockholms universitet; []
    Keywords : SOCIAL SCIENCES; SAMHÄLLSVETENSKAP; Psychology; Psykologi; psykologi; Psychology;

    Abstract : In the present thesis three questions were central: Are high self-esteem individuals more optimistic about the future than those low in self-esteem? Are optimistic, high self-esteem individuals more hedonic or capable of enjoying the sensual-aesthetic aspects of life than pessimistic, low self-esteem individuals? Several measures of optimism and self-esteem were used in four studies. One of the self-esteem scales and one of the optimism-pessimism scales was developed by Wenglert (1980). READ MORE

  4. 4. The relationship between personality and cognition in the fowl, Gallus gallus

    Author : Josefina Zidar; Hanne Løvlie; Ludwig Huber; Linköpings universitet; []
    Keywords : NATURAL SCIENCES; NATURVETENSKAP; NATURAL SCIENCES; NATURVETENSKAP;

    Abstract : To cope with a changing environment, animals have traditionally been considered to behave adaptively to each situation faced. Yet, individual behavioural responses can both differ widely within populations, and show between-individual consistency (i.e. describing variation in animal personality). READ MORE

  5. 5. Political Careers, Government Stability, and Electoral Cycles

    Author : Davide Cipullo; Eva Mörk; Luca Repetto; Vincent Pons; Uppsala universitet; []
    Keywords : SOCIAL SCIENCES; SAMHÄLLSVETENSKAP; SAMHÄLLSVETENSKAP; SOCIAL SCIENCES; Gender gaps; Self-selection; Political careers; Sticky floor; Voting; Government stability; Fragmentation; No-confidence votes; Bargaining; Brexit; Interest Groups; Forecaster behavior; Electoral cycles; Political selection; Macroeconomic forecasting;

    Abstract : Essay 1: This essay investigates the impact of voter support on the representation of women in the political profession. The empirical analysis exploits two-stage elections in the United States and Italy to hold the selection of candidates constant. READ MORE