Search for dissertations about: "Oxidative ageing"

Showing result 1 - 5 of 23 swedish dissertations containing the words Oxidative ageing.

  1. 1. Ageing of Asphalt Mixtures : Micro-scale and mixture morphology investigation

    Author : Prabir Kumar Das; Björn Birgisson; Nicole Kringos; Andreas Loizos; KTH; []
    Keywords : ENGINEERING AND TECHNOLOGY; TEKNIK OCH TEKNOLOGIER; Ageing; Aggregate packing; Atomic force microscopy; Asphalt mixture; Bitumen; Diffusion; Finite element analysis; Gradation; Micro-structure; Mixture morphology; Oxidative ageing; Surface ageing;

    Abstract : There are many variables that affect the viscoelastic properties of asphalt mixtures with time, among which age hardening may be considered one of the important ones. Age hardening of asphalt mixtures is an irreversible process, which contributes to a reduction of the durability of pavements and eventually increases the maintenance cost. READ MORE

  2. 2. Influence of Oxidative Stress on Muscle and Bone

    Author : Bengt Östman; Karl Michaëlsson; Lars Nordsletten; Uppsala universitet; []
    Keywords : MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; bone mineral density; coenzyme Q10; exercise; ischaemia; isprostanes; muscle; oxidative stress; oxygen radicals; reperfusion; tocopherol; Orthopaedics; Ortopedi; ortopedi; Orthopaedics;

    Abstract : Reactive oxygen species (ROS) induce oxidative stress and although are primarily recognized for playing a deleterious biological role, they can be beneficial to cell systems. ROS are extremely short-lived and normally tightly regulated by antioxidant defence systems. READ MORE

  3. 3. Determination of biomarkers for lipid peroxidation and oxidative stress : Development of analytical techniques and methods

    Author : Kristina Claeson Bohnstedt; Bo Karlberg; Niels Heegaard; Stockholms universitet; []
    Keywords : NATURAL SCIENCES; NATURVETENSKAP; NATURVETENSKAP; NATURAL SCIENCES; capillary electrophoresis; mass spectrometry; electrospray; porous graphitic carbon; oxidative stress; lipid peroxidation; biomarker; malondialdehyde; hydroxynonenal; isoprostane; Analytical chemistry; Analytisk kemi;

    Abstract : Oxidative stress can be defined as a state of disturbance in the pro-oxidant/antioxidant balance in favour of the former, leading to potential damage. Processes associated with oxidative stress involve reactive oxygen species and radicals and can result in elevated levels of oxidatively modified or toxic molecules that can cause cellular malfunction, and even cell death. READ MORE

  4. 4. Heterogeneous Degradation and Recyclability of PP Studied by Imaging Chemiluminescence

    Author : Mikael Hamskog; Centrum för analys och syntes; []
    Keywords : NATURVETENSKAP; NATURAL SCIENCES; Teknik; Technological sciences; recyclability; mapping; surface; heterogeneity; heterogeneous; evaporation; ageing; hamamatsu; russel; ICL; CL; Irganox 1010; Irganox 1076; oxidation; hydroperoxide; radical; carbonyl; luminescence; chemiluminescence; imaging chemiluminescence; recycling; stabilization; polypropylene; degradation;

    Abstract : Oxidative degradation is a serious threat to long-term use and recyclability of polymers. Successful recycling of polymeric quality products requires characterization of the polymer material after reprocessing and use. READ MORE

  5. 5. On chaperone co-operation in temporal and spatial protein quality control

    Author : Rebecca Andersson; Göteborgs universitet; Göteborgs universitet; Gothenburg University; []
    Keywords : NATURVETENSKAP; NATURAL SCIENCES; Molecular chaperones; Heat shock proteins; Hsp70 chaperones; Proteostasis; Ageing; Asymmetric damage segregation; Peroxiredoxins; Spatial protein quality control;

    Abstract : In order for a protein to be able to function correctly it needs to adopt its proper fold. Because of this, protein quality control (PQC) is vital at every level of cellular function. The central protein in PQC networks across all kingdoms of life are the Hsp70 molecular chaperones. READ MORE