Search for dissertations about: "Oxygen"

Showing result 1 - 5 of 2319 swedish dissertations containing the word Oxygen.

  1. 1. Catalysts for Oxygen Production and Utilization : Closing the Oxygen Cycle: From Biomimetic Oxidation to Artificial Photosynthesis

    Author : Erik Karlsson; Jan-Erling Bäckvall; Björn Åkermark; Jerker Mårtensson; Stockholms universitet; []
    Keywords : NATURAL SCIENCES; NATURVETENSKAP; NATURVETENSKAP; NATURAL SCIENCES; oxygen; catalytic oxidation; biomimetic oxidation; artificial photosynthesis; water oxidation; DFT calculations; Organic chemistry; Organisk kemi; Organic Chemistry; organisk kemi;

    Abstract : This thesis describes the development and study of catalysts for redox reactions, which either utilize oxygen or hydrogen peroxide for the purpose of selectively oxidizing organic substrates, or produce oxygen as the necessary byproduct in the production of hydrogen by artificial photosynthesis.The first chapter gives a general introduction about the use of environmentally friendly oxidants in the field of organic synthesis, and about the field of artificial photosynthesis. READ MORE

  2. 2. Monitoring with end-tidal oxygen

    Author : Jan Bengtsson; Göteborgs universitet; Göteborgs universitet; Gothenburg University; []
    Keywords : MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; paramagnetic; end-tidal oxygen; alveolar oxygen; oxygen consumption; alveolar ventilation; cardiac output; inotropic therapy; cardiac pacing; paediatric cardiac surgery;

    Abstract : .... READ MORE

  3. 3. Innovative Oxygen Carriers for Chemical-looping Combustion

    Author : Dazheng Jing; Chalmers University of Technology; []
    Keywords : Chemical-looping with oxygen uncoupling; Combined manganese oxides; Chemical-looping combustion; CuO-based oxygen carrier; Oxygen carrier;

    Abstract : Chemical-looping combustion (CLC) and chemical-looping with oxygen uncoupling (CLOU) are combustion technologies where carbon dioxide is inherently obtained in pure form without any gas separation step. In the processes, fuel is introduced to the fuel reactor and combustion air is introduced to the air reactor. READ MORE

  4. 4. Extreme hemodilution: Effects of inhalation anesthetics, hypoxia, and blood loss. An Experimental study in pigs

    Author : Henning Schou; Anestesiologi och intensivvård; []
    Keywords : MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; Anaesthesiology; oxygen saturation.; blood volume; coronary circulation; blood lactate; oxygen uptake; Anemia; oxygen delivery; intensive care; Anestesiologi; intensivvård;

    Abstract : Hemodilution reduces the need for blood transfusion and hereby the risk for transmission of infectious agents. The present study investigated effects on systemic and myocardial circulation and oxygenation, and blood lactate concentrations; induced by nitrous oxide, isoflurane, hypoxia, and uncompensated blood loss, in pigs hemodiluted to a hematocrit of 11%. READ MORE

  5. 5. Optimization of Pretreatment of Kraft Pulp with Nitrogen Oxides

    Author : Urban Öjteg; Chalmers University of Technology; []
    Keywords : Kappa number; lignins; Nitric acid; Magnesium; spent liquors; viscosity; softwood; oxygen bleaching; Nitrogen dioxide; Manganese; Oxygen; Nitrogen oxides; pretreatment; Kraft pulp;

    Abstract : Modified kraft pulp subjected to oxygen bleaching following pretreatment with 2% nitrogen dioxide for 140 min with the addition of oxygen resulted in low selectivity after subsequent oxygen bleaching. In contrast, pretreatment in the absence of oxygen removed more than 80% of the lignin after oxygen bleaching and still maintained high selectivity (kappa number less than 5 at viscosity 950 dm3/kg). READ MORE