Search for dissertations about: "PAHs"

Showing result 1 - 5 of 89 swedish dissertations containing the word PAHs.

  1. 1. Semipermeable membrane devices as integrative tools for monitoring nonpolar aromatic compounds in air

    Author : Hanna Söderström; Mats Tysklind; Per-Anders Bergqvist; Jochen F. Muller; Umeå universitet; []
    Keywords : NATURAL SCIENCES; NATURVETENSKAP; NATURVETENSKAP; NATURAL SCIENCES; Environmental chemistry; air pollution; alkyl-PAHs; atmosphere; bioavailability; boundary layer; diffusive sampling; emissions; integrative; membrane; monitoring; nitro-PAHs; PAHs; particles; passive samplers; PCBs; plants; PRCs; release rate; sampler design; sources; SPMDs; traffic; uptake rate; wind effect; wood burning; Miljökemi; Environmental chemistry; Miljökemi;

    Abstract : Air pollutants pose a high risk for humans, and the environment, and this pollution is one of the major environmental problems facing modern society. Active air sampling is the technique that has been traditionally used to monitor nonpolar aromatic air pollutants. READ MORE

  2. 2. Analysis of PAHs and their transformations products in contaminated soil and remedial processes

    Author : Staffan Lundstedt; Umeå universitet; []
    Keywords : NATURAL SCIENCES; NATURVETENSKAP; NATURVETENSKAP; NATURAL SCIENCES; Environmental chemistry; polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons; PAHs; degredation; transformation; formation; accumulation; oxidation products; metabolites; oxogenated polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons; oxy-PAHs; soil; gasworks; remediation; bioremediation; bioslurry; wood-rotting fungi; Fenton´s reagent; avaliability; bioavaliability; chemical analysis; extraction; pressurized liquid extraction; PLE; accelerated solvent extraction; ASE; Miljökemi; Environmental chemistry; Miljökemi; analytisk kemi; Analytical Chemistry;

    Abstract : Soil that is heavily contaminated with polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs) is often found at the sites of former gasworks and wood-impregnation plants. Since PAHs are toxic these sites represent a hazard to human health and the environment, and therefore they need to be treated, preferably by a method that destroys the contaminants, and thus eliminates the problem permanently. READ MORE

  3. 3. Leaching of Polycyclic Aromatic Hydrocarbons Using a Column Method

    Author : Anja Enell; Institutionen för kemiteknik; []
    Keywords : TEKNIK OCH TEKNOLOGIER; ENGINEERING AND TECHNOLOGY; Kemiteknik och kemisk teknologi; Naturvetenskap; Chemical technology and engineering; Natural science; Miljöstudier; Environmental studies; coal tar; PAHs; desorption; soil; combustion residues; remediation; availability;

    Abstract : Polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs) are a group of organic pollutants of great environmental concern, due to their toxicity, carcinogenicity and long persistence in the environment. To determine the potential risk associated with PAHs released from contaminated soil or waste materials, knowledge is required on the leachable concentrations of PAHs and the amounts available for release. READ MORE

  4. 4. The role of knockout driven fragmentation in collision with isolated complex molecular systems

    Author : Linda Giacomozzi; Henning Zettergren; Henrik Öström; Stockholms universitet; []
    Keywords : NATURAL SCIENCES; NATURVETENSKAP; NATURVETENSKAP; NATURAL SCIENCES; Knockout processes; PAHs; HPAHs; porphyrins; Physics; fysik;

    Abstract : This licentiate thesis covers results from collision induced dissociation (CID) experiments of Polycyclic Aromatic Hydrocarbons (PAHs), hydrogentated PAHs (HPAHs) and porphyrins. PAHs and HPAHs are believed to play key roles in the evolution of complex molecules in space, while porphyrins are essential for various functions in living organisms. READ MORE

  5. 5. Evaluating effects of low concentrations of oil in marine benthic communities

    Author : Fredrik Lindgren; Chalmers University of Technology; []
    Keywords : NATURVETENSKAP; NATURAL SCIENCES; PAHs; community response; microbial community; oil; meiofauna;

    Abstract : Large anthropogenic discharges of oil annually enter the marine environment, in the magnitude from large scale discharges to minor leakage, caused by ship collision accidents or seepage from urban areas. Possible detrimental environmental effects from these discharges differ, from acute lethal to chronic sub-lethal. READ MORE