Search for dissertations about: "PARP-1"

Showing result 1 - 5 of 14 swedish dissertations containing the word PARP-1.

  1. 1. Post-translational modifications in DNA base excision repair : The roles of CK2 and PARP-1

    University dissertation from Stockholm : Department of Genetics, Microbiology and Toxicology, Stockholm University

    Author : Cecilia Ström; Stockholms universitet.; [2011]
    Keywords : NATURVETENSKAP; NATURAL SCIENCES; base excision repair; single-strand break repair; PARP-1; CK2; XRCC1; mammalian cells; NATURAL SCIENCES Biology Cell and molecular biology; NATURVETENSKAP Biologi Cell- och molekylärbiologi; Molecular Genetics; molekylärgenetik;

    Abstract : Base lesions and DNA single-strand breaks (SSBs) are very common types of DNA damage. The base excision repair (BER) and single-strand break repair (SSBR) machineries both require a succession of enzymatic events in order to remove these types of endogenous lesions and to restore the DNA. READ MORE

  2. 2. Mechanisms of leukemia-induced immunosuppression

    University dissertation from Göteborg : University of Gothenburg

    Author : Johan Aurelius; Göteborgs universitet.; Gothenburg University.; [2012]
    Keywords : MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; Acute myeloid leukemia; Immunosuppression; Immunotherapy; Reactive oxygen species; PARP-1; NK cells; T cells;

    Abstract : This thesis aimed to define the role of reactive oxygen species (ROS), produced by the NADPH oxidase of myeloid cells, in the regulation of lymphocyte function with focus on ROS-induced dysfunction of natural killer (NK) cells and T lymphocytes in myeloid leukemia. In Paper I, a novel mechanism is presented by which specifically activated T lymphocytes evade inactivation by ROS after antigen presentation. READ MORE

  3. 3. Tolerance and injury mechanisms in the developing CNS

    University dissertation from Göteborg : University of Gothenburg

    Author : Malin Gustavsson; Göteborgs universitet.; Gothenburg University.; [2005]
    Keywords : MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; hypoxia-ischemia; neonatal; brain; PARP-1; tolerance; global gene expression; apoptosis; cerebral blood flow;

    Abstract : The pathophysiological mechanisms underlying the development of hypoxic-ischemic (HI) brain injury has been the subject of extensive research yet a neuroprotective strategy to limit its progression is lacking.OBJECTIVES: The aim of the present thesis was to obtain a better understanding of the mechanisms involved in neonatal HI, specifically to study I) the involvement of Poly ADP-ribose) polymerase (PARP)-1 in HI, II) the effect of hypoxic PC on brain injury and function after HI in the long-term perspective, III) the effect of hypoxic PC on global gene expression, in particular the involvement of apoptosis related genes, and IV) the vascular response to hypoxic PC. READ MORE

  4. 4. Regulation of TGF-β Signaling by Post-Translational Modifications

    University dissertation from Uppsala : Acta Universitatis Upsaliensis

    Author : Peter Lönn; Uppsala universitet.; [2010]
    Keywords : NATURVETENSKAP; NATURAL SCIENCES; TGF-β; Smad; PARP-1; PARG; ALK5; SIK; signal transduction; transcription; post-translational modification; phosphorylation; ubiquitin; ADP-ribosylation; DNA-binding; receptor degradation; NATURAL SCIENCES Biology Cell and molecular biology; NATURVETENSKAP Biologi Cell- och molekylärbiologi; Biology with specialization in Molecular Cell Biology; Biologi med inriktning mot molekylär cellbiologi;

    Abstract : Transforming growth factor-β (TGF-β) signaling is initiated when the ligand binds to type II and type I serine/threonine kinase receptors at the cell surface. Activated TGF-β type I receptors phosphorylate R-Smads which relocate, together with co-Smads, to the cell nucleus and regulate transcription. READ MORE

  5. 5. Induction and repair of DNA double-strand breaks in human cells exposed to different radiation qualities

    University dissertation from Stockholm : Karolinska Institutet, Department of Oncology-Pathology

    Author : Irina Radulescu; Karolinska Institutet.; Karolinska Institutet.; [2008]
    Keywords : MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; DSB; chromatin structure; high-LET; heat-labile sites; PFGE; DNA-PKcs; XRCC1; PARP-1; pATM; gamma-H2AX; 53BP1;

    Abstract : Radiation therapy is used in attempting to kill tumor cells by inducing DNA double-strand breaks (DSB), the most critical DNA lesions. Recent and planned radiation therapy strategies use high-linear energy transfer (LET) radiation to effectively treat malignant tumors. READ MORE