Search for dissertations about: "Pandemic"

Showing result 1 - 5 of 94 swedish dissertations containing the word Pandemic.

  1. 1. On community acquired infections requiring intensive care

    Author : Magnus Brink; Göteborgs universitet; Göteborgs universitet; Gothenburg University; []
    Keywords : MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; intensive care; infection; acute bacterial meningitis; beta-lactam antibiotics; cerebrospinal fluid; polymerase chain reaction; immunochromatographic test; influenza A H1N1; pandemic; non-invasive ventilation; necrotizing soft-tissue infection; inter-hospital transfer;

    Abstract : Acute bacterial meningitis (ABM), influenza, and necrotizing soft-tissue infections (NSTIs) are diseases that in a short period of time can progress to become life threatening. Individuals with severe forms of these infections must be treated in an intensive care unit were monitoring and support of failing organs improve the chances of survival. READ MORE

  2. 2. Monitoring anti-infectives and antibiotic resistance genes : with focus on analytical method development, effects of antibiotics and national perspectives

    Author : Ghazanfar Ali Khan; Jerker Fick; Klaus Kümmerer; Umeå universitet; []
    Keywords : NATURAL SCIENCES; NATURVETENSKAP; NATURAL SCIENCES; NATURVETENSKAP; NATURVETENSKAP; NATURVETENSKAP; NATURAL SCIENCES; NATURAL SCIENCES; method development; on-line solid phase extraction liquid chromatography mass spectrometry SPE LC-MS MS ; antibiotics; anti-infectives; constructed wetlands CWs ; denatured gradient gel electrophoresis DGGE ; percentage removal efficiency PRE ; shannon index; antibiotic resistance genes ARGs ; real-time polymerase chain reaction RT-PCR ; drug formulation facilities DFF ; wastewater; epidemiology; pandemic; influenza; compliance;

    Abstract : Antibiotics are biologically active and are globally used in humans and animal medicine for treatment and in sub-therapeutic amounts as growth promoters in animal husbandry, aquaculture and agriculture. After excretion, inappropriate disposal and discharge from drug production facilities they enter into water bodies either as intact drugs, metabolites or transformed products. READ MORE

  3. 3. Resistance to neuraminidase inhibitors in influenza A virus isolated from mallards

    Author : Goran Orozovic; Björn Olsen; Johan Lennerstrand; Sigvard Olofsson; Linnéuniversitetet; []
    Keywords : MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; NATURAL SCIENCES; NATURVETENSKAP; NATURAL SCIENCES; NATURVETENSKAP; NATURVETENSKAP; MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; NATURAL SCIENCES; MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; influenza; mallards; neuraminidase; PCR; sequencing; mutation; oseltamivir; zanamivir; resistance; NAI; antivirals; pandemic; Virology; Virologi; Molecular biology; Molekylärbiologi; Bioinformatics; Bioinformatik; Zoonotic Ecology; Zoonotisk ekologi; Virologi; Virology; Biochemistry; Biokemi;

    Abstract : Influenza A virus belongs to the Orothomyxoviridae family of viruses and is one of the most common pathogens that cause infections of the respiratory tract. The aim of this thesis was to investigate if neuraminidase inhibitor (NAI) Tamiflu® (oseltamivir, OC) and Relenza® (zanamivir, ZA) - related resistance mutations exist in the neuraminidase (NA) gene of viruses collected from wild birds. READ MORE

  4. 4. Spatial Analysis and Modeling for Health Applications

    Author : Lars Skog; Yifang Ban; Matthew Smallman-Raynor; KTH; []
    Keywords : ENGINEERING AND TECHNOLOGY; TEKNIK OCH TEKNOLOGIER; Sweden; spatial analysis; spatial modeling; spatio-temporal spread; epidemiology; pandemic; walkability; health; Russian influenza; Asian influenza; A H1N1 pdm09; GWM; climate factors;

    Abstract : Despite the benefits of applying methods of geographic information science (GIScience), the use of such methods in health service planning and provision remains greatly underutilized. Spread of epidemic diseases is a constant threat to mankind and the globalization of the world increases the risk for global attacks from multi-resistant bacteria or deadly virus strains. READ MORE

  5. 5. Fairness, technology adoption, water sanitation and pandemic control : Six essays on four topics in Development Economics

    Author : Selene Ghisolfi; Jakob Svensson; Ingvild Almas; Aureo de Paula; Stockholms universitet; []
    Keywords : SOCIAL SCIENCES; SAMHÄLLSVETENSKAP; SAMHÄLLSVETENSKAP; SOCIAL SCIENCES; Fairness; Bargaining; Field experiment; Lab-in-the-field; optimal policy; Community-Driven Development; Water Sanitation; Agriculture; Technology adoption; Market for quality; Covid-19; Mortality rates; Developing countries; Behavioural response; Economics; nationalekonomi;

    Abstract : Contribution Requirements and Redistribution Decisions: Experimental Evidence from Bangladesh uses a controlled experiment to assess the effects of requiring co-funding to development programs on the efficiency and distribution of benefits within the community.Market Access and Quality Upgrading: Evidence from Randomized Experiments tests if increasing reward to quality produce improves profits, agricultural productivity, and input use, using a randomized experiment in Uganda. READ MORE