Search for dissertations about: "Peter Halldin"

Found 5 swedish dissertations containing the words Peter Halldin.

  1. 1. Prevention and prediction of head and neck injury in traffic accidents - using experimental and numerical methods

    Author : Peter Halldin; KTH; []
    Keywords : Head injuries; neck injuries; prevention; roll-over; motorcycle; helmet;

    Abstract : Injuries to the head and neck system are potentially amongthe most serious injuries in humans, since they may damage thespinal cord. It is therefore important to develop safetysystems that can prevent injuries to the neuro- system, therebyreducing human suffering and costs to society. READ MORE

  2. 2. Numerical Accident Reconstructions : A Biomechanical Tool to Understand and Prevent Head Injuries

    Author : Madelen Fahlstedt; Svein Kleiven; Peter Halldin; Michael Gilchrist; KTH; []
    Keywords : MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; Head injuries; Accident Reconstruction; Finite element analysis; Injury prevention; Helmet; Cyclist; Pedestrian; Epidemiology; Applied Medical Technology; Tillämpad medicinsk teknik;

    Abstract : Traumatic brain injuries (TBIs) are a major health and socioeconomic problem throughout the world, with an estimated 10 million deaths and instances of hospitalization annually. Numerical methods such as finite element (FE) methods can be used to study head injuries and optimize the protection, which can lead to a decrease in the number of injuries. READ MORE

  3. 3. 3D Finite Element Modeling of Cervical Musculature and its Effect on Neck Injury Prevention

    Author : Sofia Hedenstierna; Hans von Holst; Peter Halldin; Jac Wismans; KTH; []
    Keywords : Finite Element; Cervical Musculature; Neck injury prediction; Continuum Mechanics; Solid Elements; TECHNOLOGY; TEKNIKVETENSKAP;

    Abstract : Injuries to the head and neck are potentially the most severe injuries in humans, since they may damage the nervous system. In accidents, the cervical musculature stabilizes the neck in order to prevent injury to the spinal column and is also a potential site for acute muscle strain, resulting in neck pain. READ MORE

  4. 4. Towards improved motorcycle helmet test methods for head impact protection : Using experimental and numerical methods

    Author : Shiyang Meng; Svein Kleiven; Peter Halldin; Mazdak Ghajari; KTH; []
    Keywords : Head Injuries; Helmet; Injury Prevention; Motorcycle; Test Standard; Finite Element Method; Applied Medical Technology; Tillämpad medicinsk teknik;

    Abstract : Head injury is the leading cause of death and major trauma for users of powered two-wheelers (PTWs). Helmet use can prevent and reduce head injuries when a crash is inevitable. However, today’s motorcycle helmets do not protect equally against all types of head injuries. READ MORE

  5. 5. Understanding Boundary Conditions for Brain Injury Prediction : Finite Element Analysis of Vulnerable Road Users

    Author : Victor S. Alvarez; Svein Kleiven; Peter Halldin; Ciaran Simms; KTH; []
    Keywords : ENGINEERING AND TECHNOLOGY; TEKNIK OCH TEKNOLOGIER; TEKNIK OCH TEKNOLOGIER; ENGINEERING AND TECHNOLOGY; Brain injuries; Vulnerable Road Users; windscreen impacts; Finite Element Analysis; pedestrian accidents; cycling accidents; pediatric neck; Applied Medical Technology; Tillämpad medicinsk teknik;

    Abstract : Vulnerable road users (VRUs) are overrepresented in the statistics on severe and deadly injuries in traffic accidents, most commonly involving the head. The finite element (FE) method presents the possibility to model complex interactions between the human body and vehicles in order to better understand the injury mechanisms. READ MORE