Search for dissertations about: "Polychlorinated biphenyls PCBs"

Showing result 1 - 5 of 54 swedish dissertations containing the words Polychlorinated biphenyls PCBs.

  1. 1. Fate and transport of POPs in the aquatic environment : with focus on contaminated sediments

    Author : Sarah Josefsson; Karin Wiberg; Mats Tysklind; Kjell Leonardsson; Jonas S Gunnarsson; Jussi Kukkonen; Umeå universitet; []
    Keywords : NATURAL SCIENCES; NATURVETENSKAP; bioturbation; bioirrigation; bioaccumulation; secondary sources; buried contaminants; sediment remediation; active capping; thin-layer capping; Marenzelleria spp.; Baltic Sea; polychlorinated dibenzo-p-dioxins; polychlorinated dibenzofurans; polychlorinated biphenyls; hexachlorobenzene; octachloro¬styrene; polybrominated diphenyl ethers; PCDD Fs; PCBs; HCB; OCS; PBDEs; water sampling; passive sampling; particulate fraction; freely dissolved; apparently dissolved; colloid; organic carbon; activated carbon; lignin; sediment-to-water flux; spring bloom; Environmental chemistry; Miljökemi; Persistent organic compounds; Persistenta organiska föreningar; Environmental Science; miljövetenskap;

    Abstract : Persistent organic pollutants (POPs) are hydrophobic substances that readily sorb to organic matter in particles and colloids instead of being freely dissolved in the water phase. This sorption affects the bio­availability and environmental transport of the POPs. READ MORE

  2. 2. Physico-chemical characteristics and quantitative structure-activity relationships of PCBs

    Author : Patrik Andersson; Stephen Safe; Umeå universitet; []
    Keywords : NATURAL SCIENCES; NATURVETENSKAP; polychlorinated biphenyls; PCBs; physico-chemical properties; statistical design; multivariate; PCA; PLS; biomagnification; BMF; bioassay; CYP1A; SAR; QSAR; REPs; risk assessment; Chemistry; Kemi; Chemistry; Kemi;

    Abstract : The polychlorinated biphenyls (PCBs) comprise a group of 209 congeners varying in the number of chlorine atoms and substitution patterns. These compounds tend to be biomagnified in foodwebs and have been shown to induce an array of effects in exposed organisms. READ MORE

  3. 3. Polychlorinated biphenyls and their metabolites in human blood : Method development, identification and quantification

    Author : Lotta Hofvander; Åke Bergman; Bo Jönsson; Stockholms universitet; []
    Keywords : NATURAL SCIENCES; NATURVETENSKAP; NATURVETENSKAP; NATURAL SCIENCES; PCB; polychlorinated biphenyls; metabolites; human blood; Environmental chemistry; Miljökemi;

    Abstract : PCBs are well known environmental pollutants. They are also precursors to metabolites, as the hydroxy-PCBs and the methylsulfonyl-PCBs. This thesis presents a validated methodology for analysis of PCB metabolites and a structural identification of 38 hydroxy-PCBs in human blood. READ MORE

  4. 4. Determination of Persistent Organic Pollutants in Solid Environmental Samples Using Accelerated Solvent Extraction and Supercritical Fluid Extraction. Exhaustive extraction and sorption/desorption studies of PCBs

    Author : Erland Björklund; Centrum för analys och syntes; []
    Keywords : NATURVETENSKAP; NATURAL SCIENCES; NATURVETENSKAP; NATURAL SCIENCES; Sorption; Sediment; PCBs; Polychlorinated Biphenyls; POP; Persistent Organic Pollutants; SFE; Supercritical Fluid Extraction; Accelerated Solvent Extraction; ASE; Desorption; Analytical chemistry; Analytisk kemi;

    Abstract : Human activity is constantly causing environmental problems due to production and release of numerous chemicals. A group of compounds of special concern is persistent organic pollutants (POP). These toxic, lipophilic chemicals have a high chemical and biological stability, and tend to accumulate in the lipid phase of living organisms. READ MORE

  5. 5. Properties and analysis of dioxin-like compounds in marine samples from Sweden

    Author : Kjell Lundgren; Umeå universitet; []
    Keywords : NATURAL SCIENCES; NATURVETENSKAP; NATURVETENSKAP; NATURAL SCIENCES; Environmental chemistry; planar dioxin-like compound; polychlorinated dibenzofuran; polychlorinated biphenyl; polychlorinated naphthalene; alkylated polychlorinated dibenzofuran; high-performance liquid chromatography; PX-21 carbon column; biomagnification factor; biota to sediment accumulation factor; fluxes; relative retention time; mass spectrometry; relative response factor; ultra-violet spectroscopy; Miljökemi; Environmental chemistry; Miljökemi; analytisk kemi; Analytical Chemistry;

    Abstract : Polychlorinated dibenzo-p-dioxins (PCDDs) and dibenzofurans (PCDFs), and dioxin-like polychlorinated biphenyls (PCBs) have been assigned toxic equivalency factors (TEFs). These compounds are today routinely analysed with sophisticated analytical techniques. READ MORE