Search for dissertations about: "Population PKPD Modeling"

Found 4 swedish dissertations containing the words Population PKPD Modeling.

  1. 1. Pharmacokinetic and Pharmacodynamic Modeling of Antibiotics and Bacterial Drug Resistance

    Author : Ami Fazlin Syed Mohamed; Lena Friberg; Teresa Dalla Costa; Uppsala universitet; []
    Keywords : MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; Pharmacometrics; pharmacokinetics; pharmacodynamics; modeling; antibiotics; resistance; combination; Gram-negative bacteria; gentamicin; colistin; meropenem; newborn infants; critically ill patients; Infectious Diseases; Infektionssjukdomar; Pharmaceutical Science; Farmaceutisk vetenskap;

    Abstract : Exposure to antibiotics is an important factor influencing the development of bacterial resistance.  In an era where very few new antibiotics are being developed, a strategy for the development of optimal dosing regimen and combination treatment that reduces the rate of resistance development and overcome existing resistance is of utmost importance. READ MORE

  2. 2. Optimization of Colistin Dosage in the Treatment of Multiresistant Gram-negative Infections

    Author : Matti Karvanen; Otto Cars; Lena E Friberg; Vincent H Tam; Uppsala universitet; []
    Keywords : MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; Colistin; CMS; Pharmacology; Pharmacokinetics; PKPD; Antibiotics; Combination therapy; Pharmacometrics; Dosing regimens; Antibiotic resistance; Infectious Diseases; Infektionssjukdomar;

    Abstract : As multidrug resistance in Gram-negative bacilli increases, the old antibiotic colistin has rapidly gained attention as one of few last line treatment options in the form of colistin methanesulfonate (CMS), which is hydrolyzed to colistin both in vitro and in vivo. There is a dearth of knowledge on fundamental aspects of colistin, including pharmacokinetics and optimal dosing regimens. READ MORE

  3. 3. Pharmacometric Models for Antibacterial Agents to Improve Dosing Strategies

    Author : Elisabet I Nielsen; Lena E Friberg; Otto Cars; Mats O Karlsson; Marie Sandström; Alan Forrest; Uppsala universitet; []
    Keywords : MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; Pharmacometrics; pharmacokinetics; pharmacodynamics; modeling; NONMEM; antibiotics; in vitro; time-kill curve; PK PD indices; gentamicin; aminoglycosides; newborn infants; premature infants; cystatin C; Biopharmacy; Biofarmaci; Pharmacokinetics and Drug Therapy; Farmakokinetik och läkemedelsterapi;

    Abstract : Antibiotics are among the most commonly prescribed drugs. Although the majority of these drugs were developed several decades ago, optimal dosage (dose, dosing interval and treatment duration) have still not been well defined. READ MORE

  4. 4. Pharmacometric Evaluation of Biomarkers to Improve Treatment in Oncology

    Author : Ida Netterberg; Lena Friberg; Mats Karlsson; Elisabet I. Nielsen; Henrik Lindman; Amit Roy; Uppsala universitet; []
    Keywords : MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; Pharmacometrics; Biomarkers; Oncology; Population PKPD Modeling; NONMEM; Farmaceutisk vetenskap; Pharmaceutical Science;

    Abstract : Cancer is a family of many different diseases with substantial heterogeneity also within the same cancer type. In the era of personalized medicine, it is desirable to identify an early response to treatment (i.e., a biomarker) that can predict the long-term outcome with respect to both safety and efficacy. READ MORE