Search for dissertations about: "Premedication"

Showing result 1 - 5 of 13 swedish dissertations containing the word Premedication.

  1. 1. Premedication for intubation in newborn infants; pain assessment, pharmacokinetics and pharmacodynamics

    Author : Elisabeth Norman; Lund Pediatrik; []
    Keywords : MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; Premedication; pain; premature; newborn; aEEG; randomized controlled trial; thiopental; morphine; remifentanil; rapid sequence induction; ibntubation; pharmacokinetics; pharmacodynamics;

    Abstract : Preterm infants undergo intensive care during a vulnerable period with hemodynamic instability and a rapidly developing and immature CNS. Adequate pain management is essential, since pain experience might lead to acute physiological reactions as well as neurological and neuropsychological sequels. READ MORE

  2. 2. Clonidine in paediatric anaesthesia : pharmacokinetic and pharmacodynamic aspects

    Author : Henrik T G Bergendahl; Karolinska Institutet; Karolinska Institutet; []
    Keywords : Alpha-2 adreoceptor agonists; anaesthesia; analgesia; bioavailability; clonidine; confusion; dose response; epidural; haemodynamics; intubation tracheal; midazolam; neuropeptide Y; paediatric; pharmacokinetic; postoperative; postoperative vomiting; premedication; sedation; shivering; variability.;

    Abstract : Clonidine is a mixed alpha-2/alpha-1 adrenoceptor agonist. It reduces sympathetic and increases parasympathetic tone which results in a lowering of the baseline blood pressure and heart rate. READ MORE

  3. 3. The value of informing Children prior to examination and procedures

    Author : Marie Edwinson Månsson; Lund Pediatrik; []
    Keywords : MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; pediatrik; omvårdnad; information; kunskap;

    Abstract : The value of infoming children about impending medical procedures was investigated, particularly in ægard to possible effects on anxiety, fear, noncooperation and distress in specific clinical situations: urological investigation, heart catheterization, lumbar puncture, acute appendectomy. The use of a preparatory infonnation program was compared with conventional verbal infomation and pharmacological premedication. READ MORE

  4. 4. The Process of Anaesthetic induction with Children

    Author : Marei Proczkowska-Björklund; Carl Göran Svedin; Per A. Gustafsson; Krister Nilsson; Linköpings universitet; []
    Keywords : MEDICINE; MEDICIN;

    Abstract : Anaesthetic induction is one of the most stressful experiences a child can have during hospitalization. High anxiety is seen in 50–60% of the children and is associated with less compliance/cooperation during anaesthetic induction. It can also lead to behaviour problems after surgery. READ MORE

  5. 5. Clonidine in pediatric anesthesia : aspects on population pharmacokinetics, nasal administration and safety

    Author : Peter Larsson; Karolinska Institutet; Karolinska Institutet; []
    Keywords : ;

    Abstract : Clonidine is widely use as premedication in pediatric patients and has many beneficial effects in the perioperative period. The introduction of population pharmacokinetics in the 1980s has proven useful when performing pharmacokinetic studies in children to circumvent previous limitations with traditional pharmacokinetics. READ MORE