Search for dissertations about: "Preterm birth"

Showing result 1 - 5 of 190 swedish dissertations containing the words Preterm birth.

  1. 1. Public Health Aspects of Preterm Birth. Studies using Scandinavian population-based data

    Author : Nils-Halvdan Morken; Göteborgs universitet; Göteborgs universitet; Gothenburg University; []
    Keywords : preterm birth; preterm delivery; subgroups; spontaneous preterm birth; iatrogenic preterm birth; birth weight; fetal growth; reference population; outcome; cerebral palsy; prediction;

    Abstract : Background: Preterm birth is an unresolved serious global health problem. Research must be multi-disciplinary, with assessment of risk factors and causative agents at many levels of observation. Such an important level is the public health aspect of preterm birth. READ MORE

  2. 2. Surviving birth : Studies of a simplified neonatal resuscitation protocol in a low-income context using a mixed-methods approach

    Author : Johan Wrammert; Mats Målqvist; Nalini Singhal; Uppsala universitet; []
    Keywords : MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; cause of death; focus group; guideline adherence; infant; low-income population; low birth weight; Nepal; neonatal resuscitation; nurse midwives; neonatal mortality; newborn; perinatal mortality; preterm; quality improvement cycle; teamwork; postnatal; video recording;

    Abstract : United Nations has lately stated ambitious health targets for 2030 in the Sustainable Development Goal agenda, following the already achieved progress between 1990 and 2015 when the number of children dying before the age of five was reduced by more than half. However, the mortality reduction in the first month of life after birth has not kept the same pace. READ MORE

  3. 3. Infectious and inflammatory mechanisms in preterm birth and cerebral palsy

    Author : Bo Jacobsson; Göteborgs universitet; Göteborgs universitet; Gothenburg University; []
    Keywords : MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; preterm birth; preterm labor; preterm prelabor rupture of membranes; intra-uterine infection; intra-amniotic inflammation; interleukin-6; interleukin-8; interleukin-18; monocyte chemotactic protein-1; cerebral palsy; antenatal risk factors; chorioamnionitis.;

    Abstract : Background: International studies of women in preterm labor (PTL) and preterm pre-labor rupture of the membranes (pPROM) have shown a significant association between microbial invasion of the amniotic cavity (MIAC), some cytokines and chemokines and preterm birth (PTB). These studies have been performed in countries with higher incidence of PTB than that in Sweden. READ MORE

  4. 4. Longitudinal studies of executive and cognitive development after preterm birth

    Author : Aiko Lundequist; Ann-Charlotte Smedler; Birgitta Böhm; Gunilla Bohlin; Stockholms universitet; []
    Keywords : SOCIAL SCIENCES; SAMHÄLLSVETENSKAP; Preterm birth; low birth-weight; degree of prematurity; medical risks; general intelligence; executive functions; parental education; gender; development; psykologi; Psychology;

    Abstract : Stockholm Neonatal Project is a longitudinal population-based study of children born prematurely in 1988-93, with a very low birth weight (.... READ MORE

  5. 5. Cervical and intra-amniotic markers of preterm birth and infection

    Author : Rose-Marie Holst; Göteborgs universitet; Göteborgs universitet; Gothenburg University; []
    Keywords : spontaneous preterm delivery; intra-amnioti infection inflammation; preterm labor; inflammatory proteins; preterm prelabor rupture of membranes; histological chorioamnionitis; cervical and amniotic markers;

    Abstract : Abstract Background: Preterm delivery (PTD; < 37 gestational weeks), is one of the greatest unsolved obstetrical problems worldwide. As much as 80% of the perinatal mortality and 50% of the long-term neurological handicaps are associated with PTD. Spontaneous preterm birth (SPTD), i.e. READ MORE