Search for dissertations about: "Prognostication"

Showing result 1 - 5 of 65 swedish dissertations containing the word Prognostication.

  1. 1. ICU prognostication: Time to re-evaluate? Register-based studies on improving prognostication for patients admitted to the intensive care unit (ICU)

    Author : Peder Andersson; Anestesiologi och intensivvård; []
    Keywords : MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; Intensive Care; Critical Care; Mortality; Cerebral Performance Category; Cardiac arrest; Out-of-hospital cardiac arrest; Sepsis; Lactate; Troponin; Neuron-specific enolase; Neurofilament light; Age; Elderly; Prognostication; Prediction; Scoring system; Neural net; Artificial neural network; Deep learning; Artificial intelligence;

    Abstract : Background: ICU prognostication is difficult because of patients’ prior comorbidities and their varied reasons for admission. The model used for ICU prognostication in Sweden is the Simplified Acute Physiology Score 3 (SAPS 3), which uses information gathered within one hour of ICU admission to predict 30-day mortality. READ MORE

  2. 2. Assessment of Left Ventricular Dysfunction and Remodelling by Determination of Atrioventricular Plane Displacement and Simplified Echocardiography

    Author : Ronnie Willenheimer; Kardiologiska klinikens forskargrupp; []
    Keywords : MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; Cardiovascular system; simplified echocardiography; atrioventricular plane displacement; diagnosis; screening; heart failure; prognostication; latent heart failure; left ventricular dysfunction; Kardiovaskulära systemet;

    Abstract : Heart failure is a common disease characterised by poor prognosis and frequent hospitalisations, constituting a major economic burden to society. Mortality and morbidity can be reduced by optimal treatment, requiring objective evaluation of cardiac function and anatomy. READ MORE

  3. 3. Assessment of neurological prognosis after cardiac arrest – clinical and neurophysiological aspects

    Author : Linus Lilja; Göteborgs universitet; Göteborgs universitet; Gothenburg University; []
    Keywords : MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; cardiac arrest; neurological prognosis; prognostication; electroencephalography; somatosensory evoked potentials;

    Abstract : Background: Post-resuscitation care after cardiac arrest in adults includes targeted temperature management (TTM) to mitigate secondary brain injury. The recommended target temperature is between 32°C and 36°C after a large, international, randomized trial showed comparable outcomes (33°C vs. 36°C). READ MORE

  4. 4. Prognostic factors and tumor treatments in hepatocellular cancer

    Author : Malin Sternby Eilard; Göteborgs universitet; Göteborgs universitet; Gothenburg University; []
    Keywords : MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; hepatocellular cancer; prognostication;

    Abstract : Background: Hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) is one of the most common causes of cancer-related death worldwide. Prognosis is related to tumor burden, liver function, and performance status as well as treatment factors. Accurate prognostication is a requisite for optimal treatment decisions. READ MORE

  5. 5. Autonomi, beroende, livskvalitet : Livets sista månad för 56 cancerpatienter

    Author : Eva Sahlberg Blom; Uppsala universitet; []
    Keywords : Medical sciences; Autonomy; care culture; everyday ethics; palliative care; prognostication; quality of life; nursing; MEDICIN OCH VÅRD; MEDICINE; MEDICIN; hälso- och sjukvårdsforskning; hälso- och sjukvårdsforskning;

    Abstract : The main purpose of the present study was to obtain an in-depth understanding of what the final phase of life was like for a group of gravely ill and dying cancer patients, with focus on autonomy, dependency and quality of life. The specific aims were to: 1) describe the patients' autonomy and how the attitudes of relatives and staff promoted/hindered patient participation in decision-making, 2) describe how the patients assessed their quality of life in two care cultures, 3) describe how members of the care team prognosticated the patients' remaining survival time, and 4) investigate continuity of care site in two different care cultures during the patients' final month of life. READ MORE