Search for dissertations about: "Pulmonary surfactants"

Showing result 1 - 5 of 9 swedish dissertations containing the words Pulmonary surfactants.

  1. 1. Solute exhange across the alveolo-capillary barrier

    University dissertation from Clinical Physiology

    Author : Kristina Nilsson; Lund University.; Lunds universitet.; [1997]
    Keywords : MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; tomography; radiology; Clinical physics; pulmonary oedema.; nuclear medicine; smoking; permeability; rabbit; DTPA; Pulmonary surfactants; medical instrumentation; Klinisk fysiologi; radiologi; tomografi; medicinsk instrumentering;

    Abstract : The aim of this thesis was to study the transfer of solutes across the alveolo-capillary barrier in experimental models of alveolar surfactant dysfunction and lung injury as well as in smokers. Experimental studies were performed in anaesthetized, and mechanically ventilated animals. READ MORE

  2. 2. Initiation of ventilation, surfactant treatment, and lung function after preterm birth

    University dissertation from Department of Clinical Sciences, Lund University

    Author : Lars Björklund; Lund University.; Lunds universitet.; [2005]
    Keywords : MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; Respiration; Artificial; Pediatrics; Pediatri; Respiratory Function Tests; Pulmonary Surfactants; Newborn; Respiratory Distress Syndrome; Infant; Premature; Animals;

    Abstract : The thesis investigates lung function and the effects of rescue surfactant treatment in mechanically ventilated preterm human infants with respiratory distress syndrome (RDS), and the effects of ventilation at birth on the response to surfactant supplementation in preterm lambs. To assess lung function, the author recorded static pressure-volume (P-V) curves during passive deflation from total lung capacity (TLC) to ambient pressure and measured end-expiratory lung volume (FRC) during mechanical ventilation by tracer gas washout. READ MORE

  3. 3. Early ventilatory management and lung function in the immature newly born. Experimental studies in lambs

    University dissertation from Department of Anaesthesiology and Intensive Care, Lund

    Author : Jonas Ingimarsson; Lund University.; Lunds universitet.; [2003]
    Keywords : MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; intensive care; Anestesiologi; intensivvård; Anaesthesiology; newborn.; animals; lung recruitment; resuscitation; respiratory distress syndrome; pulmonary surfactants;

    Abstract : Using an animal model, the thesis explores how the initial ventilation of the lungs, and surfactant therapy, should best be managed after premature birth. Material and measurements: The studies were made in newborn lambs delivered by cesarean section. READ MORE

  4. 4. Inactivation of pulmonary surfactant and its prevention

    University dissertation from Stockholm : Karolinska Institutet, Department of Molecular Medicine and Surgery

    Author : Guido Stichtenoth; Karolinska Institutet.; Karolinska Institutet.; [2009]
    Keywords : MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES;

    Abstract : Pulmonary surfactant is a lipoprotein complex coating the conducting airways down to the terminal airspaces. Its main function is to lower surface tension at the air liquid interface thus preventing alveolar collapse at end expiration. READ MORE

  5. 5. Synthetic pulmonary surfactant : Effects of surfactant proteins B and C and their analogues

    University dissertation from Stockholm : Karolinska Institutet, Department of Molecular Medicine and Surgery

    Author : Andreas Almlén; Karolinska Institutet.; Karolinska Institutet.; [2010]
    Keywords : MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES;

    Abstract : Pulmonary surfactant is a lipid/protein mixture lining the air-liquid interface in the alveoli. Its main function is to lower surface tension during respiration and thereby prevent alveolar collapse at end-expiration. Surfactant deficiency, especially common in prematurely born babies, is the main cause of respiratory distress syndrome (RDS). READ MORE