Search for dissertations about: "Random utility model"

Showing result 1 - 5 of 19 swedish dissertations containing the words Random utility model.

  1. 1. Transport and environment incentive policy instruments : effects and interactions

    Author : Xing Liu; Lars Hultkrantz; James Odeck; Örebro universitet; []
    Keywords : SOCIAL SCIENCES; SAMHÄLLSVETENSKAP; Congestion pricing; Equity effects; Modal choice; Social marginal cost; Externalities; Transport taxation; Carbon tax; Carbon leakage; Computable General Equilibrium Model; VTTS; Simultaneous decision model; Random utility model; Logistics cost minimization; Additionality; Klimp; Climate subsidy program; Subsidy; CDM; Business Studies; Företagsekonomi;

    Abstract : This dissertation studies issues related to the evaluation of the effects and interactions of transport and environmental incentive policy instruments. Essay 1: Green cars sterilize congestion charges: a model analysis of the reduced impact of Stockholm road tolls calibrates a modal-choice model with data from the Stockholm road toll and uses it to study the sensitivity of congestion toll effects to some seemly subtle changes in the toll system design and external circumstances. READ MORE

  2. 2. Dynamic Modelling of Transit Operations and Passenger Decisions

    Author : Oded Cats; Haris Koutsopoulos; Tomer Toledo; Wilson Nigel; KTH; []
    Keywords : ENGINEERING AND TECHNOLOGY; TEKNIK OCH TEKNOLOGIER; TEKNIK OCH TEKNOLOGIER; ENGINEERING AND TECHNOLOGY; Public Transport; Transit Operations; Simulation Model; Traffic Simulation; Route Choice; Dynamic Model; Assignment Model; Control; SRA - Transport; SRA - Transport;

    Abstract : Efficient and reliable public transport systems are fundamental in promoting green growth developments in metropolitan areas. A large range of Advanced Public Transport Systems (APTS) facilitates the design of real-time operations and demand management. READ MORE

  3. 3. Large deviation techniques applied to three questions of when

    Author : Ola Hammarlid; Anders Martin-Löf; Ingmar Kaj; Stockholms universitet; []
    Keywords : NATURAL SCIENCES; NATURVETENSKAP; NATURVETENSKAP; NATURAL SCIENCES; Large deviations; first passage time; stopping time; rate function; convex barrier; fallacy of large numbers; utility function; insurance; ruin; variable premium; generalized Ornstein-Uhlenbeck process; Mathematical statistics; Matematisk statistik;

    Abstract : Large deviation techniques are used to solve three problems; when is a distant convex barrier passed, when to accept a sequence of gambles and when is the time of ruin. This work is the collection of four papers. READ MORE

  4. 4. Learning about the unobservable : The role of attitudes, measurement errors, norms and perceptions in user behaviour

    Author : Juan Manuel Lorenzo Varela; Yusak Susilo; R. Daniel Jonsson; Maria Börjesson; Soora Rasouli; KTH; []
    Keywords : ENGINEERING AND TECHNOLOGY; TEKNIK OCH TEKNOLOGIER; SOCIAL SCIENCES; SAMHÄLLSVETENSKAP; TEKNIK OCH TEKNOLOGIER; SAMHÄLLSVETENSKAP; ENGINEERING AND TECHNOLOGY; SOCIAL SCIENCES; Attitudes; Measurement errors; Discrete choice analysis; Latent variables; Model misspecification; Normative beliefs; Rail factor; User perceptions; Social norms; Value of travel time savings; Transportvetenskap; Transport Science;

    Abstract : Unobservable factors are important to understand user behaviour. Moreover, they contain information to help design services that willsolve today’s challenges. Yet, we have barely scratched the surface ofthe underlying mechanisms ruling user behaviour. READ MORE

  5. 5. Random Models in Time and Space with Financial, Economics and Engineering Applications : Structural Covariance in Space and Stochastic Variability in Time

    Author : Nima Shariati; Statistiska institutionen; []
    Keywords : NATURVETENSKAP; NATURAL SCIENCES; SAMHÄLLSVETENSKAP; SOCIAL SCIENCES; NATURVETENSKAP; SAMHÄLLSVETENSKAP; NATURAL SCIENCES; SOCIAL SCIENCES; Cross-border spillover; Inter- and intralocation effects; Multivariate spatial regression models; Panel data; Spatial econometric models; Gamma distributed variances; Generalized Laplace distribution; Modulated volatility; Non-Gaussian time series; Road profile; Spatial vector autoregressive model; Outlier; Robust control chart; Robust estimation;

    Abstract : In this thesis, we model stochastic processes in time and space. We focus on the processes whose covariance structure is either changing over the time span, or depends on the location in space. We develop models that appropriately describe and analyze such data behaviors in various different fields including finance, economics and engineering. READ MORE