Search for dissertations about: "Shunt treatment"

Showing result 1 - 5 of 34 swedish dissertations containing the words Shunt treatment.

  1. 1. Cerebrospinal Fluid Shunts in Children : Technical Considerations and Treatment of Certain Complications

    Author : Kai Arnell; Tomas Wester; Jan Sjölin; Per Enblad; Hans C-son Silander; Uppsala universitet; []
    Keywords : Surgery; Hydrocephalus; papilloedema; abdominal cyst; cerebrospinal fluid shunt; shunt infection; intraventricular antibiotic instillation; intraventricular antibiotic concentrations; in-vitro testing; antisiphon device; Kirurgi;

    Abstract : Ventriculo-peritoneal shunting is the most commonly used method for the treatment of paediatric hydrocephalus. Despite improved shunts and surgical techniques there are still complications. This retrospective study focuses on diagnoses and treatment of shunt malfunction and infections. Cost/benefit of using an adjustable shunt was assessed. READ MORE

  2. 2. The neuropsychology of idiopathic normal pressure hydrocephalus

    Author : Per Hellström; Göteborgs universitet; Göteborgs universitet; Gothenburg University; []
    Keywords : Idiopathic normal pressure hydrocephalus; Neuropsychology; Prospective study; Shunt treatment; Treatment outcome; iNPH scale;

    Abstract : Idiopathic normal pressure hydrocephalus (iNPH) is characterised by an active distension of the cerebral ventricles due to inadequate absorption of cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) into the systemic circulation. The intracranial pressure is within normal limits, the passages between the ventricles and subarachnoid spaces are open, and there is an absence of identifiable antecedents known to reduce CSF absorption. READ MORE

  3. 3. Clinical evaluation of an adjustable cerebrospinal fluid shunt valve

    Author : Göran Zemack; Neurokirurgi; []
    Keywords : MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; orthopaedics; traumatology; Kirurgi; ortopedi; traumatologi; Surgery; Cost analysis; Codman Hakim programmable valve; Pressure adjustable shunt valve; Cerebrospinal fluid shunt; Idiopathic intracranial hypertension; Hydrocephalus; Arachnoid cyst;

    Abstract : Introduction: Shunting systems are implanted for draining cerebrospinal fluid to treat hydrocephalus, intracranial cysts, and idiopathic intracranial hypertension. Most shunt systems include a valve which regulates drainage. A differential pressure valve opens when intracranial pressure exceeds the valve’s opening pressure. READ MORE

  4. 4. Treatment of Right Ventricular Failure through Partial Volume Exclusion : An Experimental Study

    Author : Per Vikholm; Laila Hellgren; Lund Lars; Uppsala universitet; []
    Keywords : MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; Right Heart Failure; Left Ventricular Assist Device; Glenn shunt; Thorax Surgery; Thoraxkirurgi;

    Abstract : Implantation of a left ventricular assist device (LVAD) is a potential treatment in terminal heart failure. Right ventricular (RV) failure is a severe complication in these patients and sometimes requires additional placement of a right ventricular assist device (RVAD). READ MORE

  5. 5. Hydrocephalus in children. Epidemiology and outcome

    Author : Eva-Karin Persson; Göteborgs universitet; Göteborgs universitet; Gothenburg University; []
    Keywords : Prevalence; Epidemiology; Hydrocephalus; MMC; Treatment; Outcome;

    Abstract : Aims: To analyse trends in the live-birth prevalence of infantile hydrocephalus and hydrocephalus associated with myelomeningocele (MMC) during the period 1989-2002 and to study the outcome in terms of learning disability, cerebral palsy, epilepsy and visual deficits. Another objective was to explore motor function and disability profiles in various aetiological and gestational-age subgroups and to see whether treatment complications and neuroradiological findings correlate with outcome. READ MORE