Search for dissertations about: "Social marginal cost"

Showing result 1 - 5 of 64 swedish dissertations containing the words Social marginal cost.

  1. 1. Welfare measurement, externalities and Pigouvian taxation in dynamic economies

    Author : Kenneth Backlund; Umeå universitet; []
    Keywords : SOCIAL SCIENCES; SAMHÄLLSVETENSKAP; SOCIAL SCIENCES; SAMHÄLLSVETENSKAP; NATURAL SCIENCES; NATURVETENSKAP; SOCIAL SCIENCES; SAMHÄLLSVETENSKAP; NATURVETENSKAP; SAMHÄLLSVETENSKAP; NATURAL SCIENCES; SOCIAL SCIENCES; Welfare Measurement; Externalities; Pigouvian Taxes; Global Warming; Nuclear Power; Noncooperative Nash Game; Välfärdsteori; Skatteväxling;

    Abstract : This thesis consists of five papers.Paper [1] analyzes one possible way of replacing dynamic Pigouvian taxes by a static approximation of such taxes from the point of view of social accounting. The idea is to approximate a Pigouvian emission tax by using the instantaneous marginal willingness to pay to reduce the stock of pollution. READ MORE

  2. 2. Marginal cost pricing of electricity

    Author : Göran Edsbäcker; []
    Keywords : SOCIAL SCIENCES; SAMHÄLLSVETENSKAP;

    Abstract : .... READ MORE

  3. 3. Equity in welfare evaluations : the rationale for and effects of distributional weighting

    Author : Gunnel Bångman; Lars Hultkrantz; Fredrik Carlsson; Örebro universitet; []
    Keywords : SOCIAL SCIENCES; SAMHÄLLSVETENSKAP; SAMHÄLLSVETENSKAP; SOCIAL SCIENCES; weighted cost-benefit analysis; equity; distributional weights; social welfare; income distribution; risk aversion; social marginal value of income; altruism; paternalism; marginal utility of income; social inequality aversion; stated preferences; Economics; Nationalekonomi; Economics; Nationalekonomi;

    Abstract : This thesis addresses the issue of weighted cost-benefit analysis (WCBA). WCBA is a welfare evaluation model where income distribution effects are valued by distributional weighting. The method was developed already in the 1970s. The interest in and applications of this method have increased in the past decade, e. READ MORE

  4. 4. Land-use competition and agricultural greenhouse gas emissions in a climate change mitigation perspective

    Author : David Bryngelsson; Chalmers University of Technology; []
    Keywords : NATURVETENSKAP; TEKNIK OCH TEKNOLOGIER; TEKNIK OCH TEKNOLOGIER; LANTBRUKSVETENSKAPER; SAMHÄLLSVETENSKAP; SAMHÄLLSVETENSKAP; NATURAL SCIENCES; ENGINEERING AND TECHNOLOGY; ENGINEERING AND TECHNOLOGY; AGRICULTURAL SCIENCES; SOCIAL SCIENCES; SOCIAL SCIENCES; Bioenergy; Diets; Livestock; Integrated assessment model; Land use competition; GHG emissions; Partial equilibrium model; Mitigation; Food consumption; Climate change;

    Abstract : Productive land for food production, bioenergy, or preservation of nature is a limited resource. Climate change mitigation puts additional pressure on land via higher demand for bioenergy to replace fossil fuels and via restrictions on deforestation—two processes that limit the availability of land for food produc- tion, and may thus also raise food prices. READ MORE

  5. 5. Reforming a publicly owned monopoly : costs and incentives in railway maintenance

    Author : Kristofer Odolinski; Jan-Eric Nilsson; Andrew Smith; Lars Hultkrantz; Marc Ivaldi; Örebro universitet; []
    Keywords : SOCIAL SCIENCES; SAMHÄLLSVETENSKAP; SAMHÄLLSVETENSKAP; SOCIAL SCIENCES; Railway track; Maintenance; Contract; Incentive reward ; Competition; Cost; Quality; Economic efficiency; J01 Railway: Railway track; J01 Railway: Railway track; J13 Railway: Economics; J13 Railway: Economics; cost efficiency; contracts; tendering; rail infrastructure; maintenance; Economics; Nationalekonomi;

    Abstract : The railway system is often considered to be an industry where a monopoly occurs “naturally”, which can explain the public ownership and the use of regulations. However, railways in Europe have been subject to reforms during the last three decades. READ MORE