Search for dissertations about: "Spontaneous delivery ."

Showing result 1 - 5 of 64 swedish dissertations containing the words Spontaneous delivery ..

  1. 1. Biomarkers in mid-trimester amniotic fluid in relation to gestational duration and spontaneous preterm delivery

    Author : Maria Hallingström; Göteborgs universitet; Göteborgs universitet; Gothenburg University; []
    Keywords : MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; amniotic fluid; biomarkers; cytokine; damage-associated molecular pattern; gestation; gestational duration; inflammation; labor; mid-trimester; multiplex; pregnancy clock; proteins; spontaneous preterm delivery; term delivery;

    Abstract : Background: The biological mechanisms and physiological pathways of pregnancy maintenance and timing of delivery are complex and multifactorial. Pregnancy clocks, partly controlled by timing mechanisms linked to fetal development, which regulate the onset of labor has previously been described. READ MORE

  2. 2. Three - dimensional ultrasound studies of the cervix in pregnancy

    Author : Linas Rovas; Malmö Institutionen för kliniska vetenskaper; []
    Keywords : MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; andrology; gynaecology; Obstetrics; Prostaglandin .; Labor induction .; Spontaneous delivery .; Pregnancy .; Cervix uteri .; Blood flow indices .; Doppler ultrasound .; Three-dimensional imaging .; sexuality; reproduction; Obstetrik; sexualitet; reproduktion; gynekologi; andrologi;

    Abstract : The aim of this thesis was to evaluate cervical physiological changes by three-dimensional (3D) ultrasound during pregnancy and to investigate the ability of 3D power Doppler to predict time to spontaneous and induced delivery in prolonged pregnancy. The thesis is based on five studies: reproducibility of cervical measurements by 3D power Doppler ultrasound (study I), reference data representative normal findings of the cervix assessed by 3D ultrasound during pregnancy (studies II, III) and the ability of 3D power Doppler to predict time to spontaneous and induced delivery in prolonged pregnancy. READ MORE

  3. 3. Prediction of Spontaneous Preterm Birth : Clinical and Immunological Aspects

    Author : Maria Svenvik; Jan Ernerudh; Marie Blomberg; Maria Jenmalm; Teresa Cobo; Linköpings universitet; []
    Keywords : MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES;

    Abstract : Background: Preterm birth (PTB), defined as birth before 37 weeks of gestation, accounts for most neonatal death and morbidity. Accurate prediction is a pre-requisite for the prevention and proper management of PTB. However, methods for prediction are unsatisfactory, although sonographic cervical length has a moderate predictive value. READ MORE

  4. 4. Public Health Aspects of Preterm Birth. Studies using Scandinavian population-based data

    Author : Nils-Halvdan Morken; Göteborgs universitet; Göteborgs universitet; Gothenburg University; []
    Keywords : preterm birth; preterm delivery; subgroups; spontaneous preterm birth; iatrogenic preterm birth; birth weight; fetal growth; reference population; outcome; cerebral palsy; prediction;

    Abstract : Background: Preterm birth is an unresolved serious global health problem. Research must be multi-disciplinary, with assessment of risk factors and causative agents at many levels of observation. Such an important level is the public health aspect of preterm birth. READ MORE

  5. 5. Ultrasound measurement of cervical length in the second trimester of pregnancy for prediction of preterm delivery

    Author : Pihla Kuusela; Göteborgs universitet; Göteborgs universitet; Gothenburg University; []
    Keywords : MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; preterm delivery; transvaginal ultrasound; cervical length measurement; second trimester; prospective study; observational study; mass screening; reproducibility of results; inter-observer variation; intra-observer variation; data accuracy; quality control;

    Abstract : Abstract Background: Short cervical length is a risk factor for preterm delivery (PTD) and screening of cervical length using transvaginal ultrasound in the second trimester is a proposed method to find women at risk Aims: To examine the potential value of routine measurement of cervical length in a Swedish population of women with singleton pregnancies in the prediction of PTD. To estimate inter- and intra-observer agreement and reliability of cervical length measurements. READ MORE