Search for dissertations about: "Statistisk fysik"

Showing result 1 - 5 of 61 swedish dissertations containing the words Statistisk fysik.

  1. 1. Aspects of the Duality between Supersymmetric Yang-Mills Theory and String Theory

    Author : Daniel Bundzik; Teoretisk partikelfysik; []
    Keywords : NATURVETENSKAP; NATURAL SCIENCES; NATURVETENSKAP; NATURAL SCIENCES; Matematisk och allmän teoretisk fysik; classical mechanics; quantum mechanics; relativity; gravitation; statistical physics; thermodynamics; Natural science; Naturvetenskap; Physics; Fysik; Mathematical and general theoretical physics; Star product; Leigh-Strassler deformation; R-matrix; Integrability; Spin-chains; Fractional D-branes; type IIB string theory; AdS CFT-correspondence; gauge gravity correspondence; kvantmekanik; klassisk mekanik; termodynamik; statistisk fysik; relativitet;

    Abstract : This thesis deals with three topics related to the Ads/CFT correspondence. In Paper I, solutions describing the geometry of fractional D1-branes of Type IIB string theory are presented. The running coupling constant is computed on the gauge theory side. READ MORE

  2. 2. Exploring patterns of empirical networks

    Author : Luis E C Rocha; Petter Holme; Kimmo Kaski; Umeå universitet; []
    Keywords : NATURAL SCIENCES; NATURVETENSKAP; NATURAL SCIENCES; NATURVETENSKAP; SOCIAL SCIENCES; SAMHÄLLSVETENSKAP; MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; NATURAL SCIENCES; NATURVETENSKAP; NATURVETENSKAP; MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; SAMHÄLLSVETENSKAP; NATURAL SCIENCES; MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; SOCIAL SCIENCES; complex systems; complex networks; network analysis; empirical networks; air transportation; consumer complaints; information technology; sexual contacts; epidemics; vaccination; Statistical physics; Statistisk fysik; Computational physics; Beräkningsfysik; Technology and social change; Teknik och social förändring; Epidemiology; Epidemiologi; Information technology; Informationsteknik; fysik; Physics; Statistics; statistik; Epidemiology; epidemiologi; Economics; nationalekonomi;

    Abstract : We are constantly struggling to understand how nature works, trying to identify recurrent events and looking for analogies and relations between objects or individuals. Knowing patterns of behavior is powerful and fundamental for survival of any species. READ MORE

  3. 3. Resonant Tunneling in Laterally Confined Quantum Structures

    Author : Boel Gustafson; Fasta tillståndets fysik; []
    Keywords : NATURVETENSKAP; NATURAL SCIENCES; NATURVETENSKAP; NATURAL SCIENCES; gravitation; relativity; quantum mechanics; classical mechanics; Mathematical and general theoretical physics; Fysik; Physics; High peak-to-valley ratio; Lateral confinement; Quantum dots; Resonant tunneling; Self-assembled quantum dots; Schottky depletion; Buried metal gate; Electron transport; Magnetic-field dependence; Energy level width; Tunneling transistors; Mode coupling; statistical physics; thermodynamics; Matematisk och allmän teoretisk fysik; klassisk mekanik; kvantmekanik; relativitet; statistisk fysik; termodynamik; Technological sciences; Teknik; Fysicumarkivet A:2001:Gustafson;

    Abstract : In the thesis, three-dimensionally confined resonant tunneling structures were studied experimentally. Two approaches were used for obtaining quantum confinement: gate-defined lateral constriction of double barrier structures, and epitaxial growth of self-assembled quantum dots. READ MORE

  4. 4. A Matter of Disorder : Monte Carlo Simulations of Phase Transitions in Strongly Disordered Systems

    Author : Marios Nikolaou; Mats Wallin; Asle Sudbø; KTH; []
    Keywords : NATURAL SCIENCES; NATURVETENSKAP; NATURVETENSKAP; NATURAL SCIENCES; phase transitions; disorder; Monte Carlo simulations; superconductivity; Statistical physics; Statistisk fysik;

    Abstract : Phase transitions and their critical scaling properties, especially in systems with disorder, are important both for our theoretical understanding of our environment, but also for their practical use in applications and materials in our everyday life. This thesis presents results from finite size scaling analysis of critical phenomena in systems with disorder, using high-precision Monte Carlo simulations and state of the art numerical methods. READ MORE

  5. 5. Isospin Breaking in Kaon Decays to Pions

    Author : Fredrik Borg; Teoretisk partikelfysik; []
    Keywords : NATURVETENSKAP; NATURAL SCIENCES; NATURVETENSKAP; NATURAL SCIENCES; Elementary particle physics; termodynamik; statistisk fysik; gravitation; relativitet; kvantmekanik; thermodynamics; Matematisk och allmän teoretisk fysik; Pseudo-scalar meson; Isospin Breaking; Chiral Perturbation Theory; Mathematical and general theoretical physics; classical mechanics; quantum mechanics; relativity; statistical physics; Weak Interaction; Strong Interaction; kvantfältteori; High energy interactions; Kärnfysik; Nuclear physics; klassisk mekanik; quantum field theory; cosmic rays; Kosmisk strålning; högenergi; Elementarpartikelfysik;

    Abstract : The five different K -> 3 Pi and the three K -> 2 Pi decays are calculated in Chiral Perturbation Theory. The calculation is done using different approximations, to study whether this changes the result significantly. First the isospin approximation is used. Discrepancies are then found between theory and experiment. READ MORE