Search for dissertations about: "TECHNOLOGY Engineering physics Optical physics"

Showing result 1 - 5 of 167 swedish dissertations containing the words TECHNOLOGY Engineering physics Optical physics.

  1. 1. Mid-infrared photonic devices for on-chip optical gas sensing

    University dissertation from KTH Royal Institute of Technology

    Author : Floria Ottonello Briano; KTH.; [2019]
    Keywords : TEKNIK OCH TEKNOLOGIER; ENGINEERING AND TECHNOLOGY; TEKNIK OCH TEKNOLOGIER; ENGINEERING AND TECHNOLOGY; TEKNIK OCH TEKNOLOGIER; ENGINEERING AND TECHNOLOGY; TEKNIK OCH TEKNOLOGIER; ENGINEERING AND TECHNOLOGY; NATURVETENSKAP; NATURAL SCIENCES; NATURVETENSKAP; NATURAL SCIENCES; mid-infrared; mid-IR; photonics; silicon photonics; gas sensing; optical sensing; optical gas sensing; spectroscopy; absorption; dispersion; carbon dioxide; CO2; CO2 sensing; trace gas; ethanol sensing; alcohol sensing; waveguide; photonic waveguide; ring resonator; nanowire; nanoheater; emitter; thermal source; bolometer; microbolometer; thermal detector; high frequency; 3 omega method; plasmonic; platinum; Kanthal; silicon-on-insulator; micro-electro-mechanical systems MEMS ; microfabrication; microsystems; microtechnology; nanotechnology; Optics and Photonics; Optik och fotonik; Electrical Engineering; Elektro- och systemteknik;

    Abstract : Gas detection is crucial in a wide range of fields and applications, such as safety and process control in the industry, atmospheric sciences, and breath diagnostics. Optical gas sensing offers some key advantages, compared to other sensing methods such as electrochemical and semiconductor sensing: high specificity, fast response, and minimal drift. READ MORE

  2. 2. Spectral Mammography with X-Ray Optics and a Photon-Counting Detector

    University dissertation from Stockholm : KTH

    Author : Erik Fredenberg; KTH.; [2009]
    Keywords : TEKNIK OCH TEKNOLOGIER; ENGINEERING AND TECHNOLOGY; TEKNIK OCH TEKNOLOGIER; ENGINEERING AND TECHNOLOGY; NATURVETENSKAP; NATURAL SCIENCES; TEKNIK OCH TEKNOLOGIER; ENGINEERING AND TECHNOLOGY; TEKNIK OCH TEKNOLOGIER; ENGINEERING AND TECHNOLOGY; TEKNIK OCH TEKNOLOGIER; ENGINEERING AND TECHNOLOGY; MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; mammography; x-ray optics; photon counting; spectral shaping; spectral imaging; collimation; radiation dose; signal-to-noise ratio; quantum noise; anatomical noise; spatial resolution; x-ray flux; ; TECHNOLOGY; TEKNIKVETENSKAP; TECHNOLOGY Engineering physics; TEKNIKVETENSKAP Teknisk fysik; TECHNOLOGY Engineering physics Optical physics; TEKNIKVETENSKAP Teknisk fysik Optisk fysik; TECHNOLOGY Engineering physics Other engineering physics; TEKNIKVETENSKAP Teknisk fysik Övrig teknisk fysik; TECHNOLOGY Electrical engineering; electronics and photonics; TEKNIKVETENSKAP Elektroteknik; elektronik och fotonik; TECHNOLOGY Other technology Medical engineering; TEKNIKVETENSKAP Övriga teknikvetenskaper Medicinsk teknik; MEDICINE Physiology and pharmacology Radiological research; MEDICIN Fysiologi och farmakologi Radiologisk forskning;

    Abstract : Early detection is vital to successfully treating breast cancer, and mammography screening is the most efficient and wide-spread method to reach this goal. Imaging low-contrast targets, while minimizing the radiation exposure to a large population is, however, a major challenge. READ MORE

  3. 3. Optical manipulation and spectroscopy of single cells and silver nanoparticles in solution

    University dissertation from Göteborg : Chalmers University of Technology

    Author : Kerstin Ramser; Göteborgs universitet.; Gothenburg University.; [2003]
    Keywords : TEKNIK OCH TEKNOLOGIER; ENGINEERING AND TECHNOLOGY; NATURVETENSKAP; NATURAL SCIENCES; TEKNIK OCH TEKNOLOGIER; ENGINEERING AND TECHNOLOGY; Medical Engineering for Healthcare; Medicinsk teknik för hälsovård; Optical spectroscopy; resonance raman spectroscopy; flourescence spectroscopy; optical manipulation; optical tweezers; optical scalpel; microfluidic systems; single silver nanoparticles; single cells;

    Abstract : .... READ MORE

  4. 4. Optical spectroscopy of InGaAs quantum dots

    University dissertation from Linköping : Linköping University Electronic Press

    Author : Arvid Larsson; Linköpings universitet.; Linköpings universitet.; [2011]
    Keywords : TEKNIK OCH TEKNOLOGIER; ENGINEERING AND TECHNOLOGY; TEKNIK OCH TEKNOLOGIER; ENGINEERING AND TECHNOLOGY; NATURVETENSKAP; NATURAL SCIENCES; quantum dot; semiconductor; optical properties; spin; transport; wetting layer; polarization; kvantprick; halvledare; optiska egenskaper; spin; TECHNOLOGY Electrical engineering; electronics and photonics; TEKNIKVETENSKAP Elektroteknik; elektronik och fotonik; TECHNOLOGY Materials science; TEKNIKVETENSKAP Teknisk materialvetenskap; NATURAL SCIENCES Physics Condensed matter physics; NATURVETENSKAP Fysik Kondenserade materiens fysik; NATURAL SCIENCES Physics Condensed matter physics Semiconductor physics; NATURVETENSKAP Fysik Kondenserade materiens fysik Halvledarfysik;

    Abstract : The work presented in this thesis deals with optical studies of semiconductor quantum dots (QDs) in the InGaAs material system. It is shown that for self-assembled InAs QDs, the interaction with the surrounding GaAs barrier and the InAs wetting layer (WL) in particular, has a very large impact on their optical properties. READ MORE

  5. 5. Optical Guiding and Feedback Structures in GaN-Based Vertical-Cavity Surface-Emitting Lasers

    University dissertation from ; Chalmers tekniska högskola; Gothenburg

    Author : Seyed Ehsan Hashemi; [2016]
    Keywords : TEKNIK OCH TEKNOLOGIER; ENGINEERING AND TECHNOLOGY; NATURVETENSKAP; NATURAL SCIENCES; TEKNIK OCH TEKNOLOGIER; ENGINEERING AND TECHNOLOGY; TEKNIK OCH TEKNOLOGIER; ENGINEERING AND TECHNOLOGY; NATURVETENSKAP; NATURAL SCIENCES;

    Abstract : The Vertical-Cavity Surface-Emitting Laser (VCSEL) made from GaAs-based materials is an established infrared light source, and is produced in large volumes for short-distance optical links, computer mice, and thermal processing systems. A wide range of applications, such as high-resolution printing, general lighting, and biomedical diagnosis and treatment could benefit from using a VCSEL with blue or ultraviolet emission. READ MORE