Search for dissertations about: "TEKNIKVETENSKAP Teknisk fysik Optisk fysik"

Showing result 1 - 5 of 16 swedish dissertations containing the words TEKNIKVETENSKAP Teknisk fysik Optisk fysik.

  1. 1. Spectral Mammography with X-Ray Optics and a Photon-Counting Detector

    University dissertation from Stockholm : KTH

    Author : Erik Fredenberg; KTH.; [2009]
    Keywords : TEKNIK OCH TEKNOLOGIER; ENGINEERING AND TECHNOLOGY; TEKNIK OCH TEKNOLOGIER; ENGINEERING AND TECHNOLOGY; NATURVETENSKAP; NATURAL SCIENCES; TEKNIK OCH TEKNOLOGIER; ENGINEERING AND TECHNOLOGY; TEKNIK OCH TEKNOLOGIER; ENGINEERING AND TECHNOLOGY; TEKNIK OCH TEKNOLOGIER; ENGINEERING AND TECHNOLOGY; MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; mammography; x-ray optics; photon counting; spectral shaping; spectral imaging; collimation; radiation dose; signal-to-noise ratio; quantum noise; anatomical noise; spatial resolution; x-ray flux; ; TECHNOLOGY; TEKNIKVETENSKAP; TECHNOLOGY Engineering physics; TEKNIKVETENSKAP Teknisk fysik; TECHNOLOGY Engineering physics Optical physics; TEKNIKVETENSKAP Teknisk fysik Optisk fysik; TECHNOLOGY Engineering physics Other engineering physics; TEKNIKVETENSKAP Teknisk fysik Övrig teknisk fysik; TECHNOLOGY Electrical engineering; electronics and photonics; TEKNIKVETENSKAP Elektroteknik; elektronik och fotonik; TECHNOLOGY Other technology Medical engineering; TEKNIKVETENSKAP Övriga teknikvetenskaper Medicinsk teknik; MEDICINE Physiology and pharmacology Radiological research; MEDICIN Fysiologi och farmakologi Radiologisk forskning;

    Abstract : Early detection is vital to successfully treating breast cancer, and mammography screening is the most efficient and wide-spread method to reach this goal. Imaging low-contrast targets, while minimizing the radiation exposure to a large population is, however, a major challenge. READ MORE

  2. 2. Ferroelectric domain engineering and characterization for photonic applications

    University dissertation from Stockholm : KTH

    Author : Simonetta Grilli; KTH.; [2006]
    Keywords : NATURVETENSKAP; NATURAL SCIENCES; LiNbO; KTiOPO; interferometry; digital holography; electric field poling; electro-optic materials; holographic lithography; ferroelectric domains; nanostructures; microstructures; TECHNOLOGY Engineering physics Optical physics; TEKNIKVETENSKAP Teknisk fysik Optisk fysik;

    Abstract : Lithium niobate (LiNbO3) and KTiOPO4 (KTP) are ferroelectric crystals of considerable interest in different fields of optics and optoelectronics. Due to its large values of the nonlinear optical, electro-optic (EO), piezoelectric and acousto-optical coefficients, LiNbO3 is widely used for laser frequency conversion using the quasiphase matching (QPM) approach where the sign of nonlinearity has been periodically modulated by electric field poling (EFP). READ MORE

  3. 3. Novel materials for Yb and Er-Yb doped microchip lasers

    University dissertation from Stockholm : KTH

    Author : Jonas Hellström; KTH.; [2006]
    Keywords : NATURVETENSKAP; NATURAL SCIENCES; mid-IR lasers; laser materials; TECHNOLOGY Engineering physics Optical physics; TEKNIKVETENSKAP Teknisk fysik Optisk fysik;

    Abstract : The objective of this thesis has been to investigate novel host material configurations for high-power end-pumped Er-Yb co-doped, or Yb doped microchip lasers and try to increase their performance. In Er-Yb co-doped systems, the main limitation is the thermal shortcomings of the phosphate glass host material. READ MORE

  4. 4. Characterization of domain switching and optical damage properties in ferroelectrics

    University dissertation from Stockholm : KTH

    Author : Junji Hirohashi; KTH.; [2006]
    Keywords : NATURVETENSKAP; NATURAL SCIENCES; quasi-phase matching; ferroelectric domains; stoichiometric LiNbO3; stoichiometric LiTaO3; KTiOPO4; KNbO3; polarization switching; periodic electric field poling; optical damages; TECHNOLOGY Engineering physics Optical physics; TEKNIKVETENSKAP Teknisk fysik Optisk fysik;

    Abstract : Nonlinear optical frequency conversion is one of the most important key techniques in order to obtain lasers with wavelengths targeted for specific applications. In order to realize efficient and tailored lasers, the quasi-phase-matching (QPM) approach using periodically-poled ferroelectric crystals is getting increasingly important. READ MORE

  5. 5. Laser cooling mechanisms and Brownian motors in optical lattices

    University dissertation from Umeå : Fysik

    Author : Peder Sjölund; Umeå universitet.; [2007]
    Keywords : NATURVETENSKAP; NATURAL SCIENCES; TECHNOLOGY Engineering physics Optical physics; TEKNIKVETENSKAP Teknisk fysik Optisk fysik;

    Abstract : Denna avhandling innefattar såväl experimentella som numeriska studier av laserkylda atomer i optiska kristallgitter. Bland annat har laserkylningsprocesser studerats, där atomers rörelser i optiska kristallgitter har uppvisat andra typer av bakomliggande mekanismer än de som tidigare förutsågs genom “Sisyfoskylningsmodellen”. READ MORE