Search for dissertations about: "TRAFFIC ACCIDENTS COST"

Showing result 1 - 5 of 21 swedish dissertations containing the words TRAFFIC ACCIDENTS COST.

  1. 1. Valuation and pricing of traffic safety

    Author : Gunnar Lindberg; Lars Hultkrantz; Olof Johansson-Stenman; Örebro universitet; []
    Keywords : SOCIAL SCIENCES; SAMHÄLLSVETENSKAP; SAMHÄLLSVETENSKAP; SOCIAL SCIENCES; Value of statistical life; Marginal cost pricing; External cost; Risk elasticity; Pricing policies; Traffic accidents; Railway accidents; Heavy goods vehicle accidents; Economics; Nationalekonomi; Economics; Nationalekonomi;

    Abstract : This thesis consists of six essays covering the topic of valuation and pricing of accidents. In the first essay a theory of the external marginal cost of accidents is presented. The external cost is dependent on the value of statistical life, the proportion internal cost and the so called risk elasticity, i.e. READ MORE

  2. 2. Valuing Reductions in the Risk of Traffic Accidents Based on Empirical Studies in Sweden

    Author : Ulf Persson; Trafik och väg; []
    Keywords : TEKNIK OCH TEKNOLOGIER; ENGINEERING AND TECHNOLOGY; TEKNIK OCH TEKNOLOGIER; ENGINEERING AND TECHNOLOGY; Säkerhetsteknik; Safety technology; Vägtransportteknik; Road transport technology; Road Traffic; Risk Reduction; Value of Life; Cost of Accidents; Stated Preference; Contingent Valuation;

    Abstract : At the beginning of the 1990s the Swedish National Road Administration (SNRA) adopted the willingness to pay (WTP) approach for estimating the benefits of safety improvements. However, since then there have been discussions about how to find the most valid and reliable empirical methods to conduct WTP studies. READ MORE

  3. 3. Control of vehicle platoons and traffic dynamics : catch-up coordination and congestion dissipation

    Author : Mladen Čičić; Karl H. Johansson; Daniel Work; KTH; []
    Keywords : ENGINEERING AND TECHNOLOGY; TEKNIK OCH TEKNOLOGIER; TEKNIK OCH TEKNOLOGIER; ENGINEERING AND TECHNOLOGY; Traffic Congestion; Intelligent Transport Systems; Moving Bottlenecks; Platoon Coordination; Electrical Engineering; Elektro- och systemteknik;

    Abstract : Traffic congestion is a constantly growing problem, with a wide array ofnegative effects on the society, from wasted time and productivity to elevated air pollution and increased number of accidents. Classical traffic control methods have long been successfully employed to alleviate congestion, improving the traffic situation of many cities and highways. READ MORE

  4. 4. Indicators for traffic safety assessment and prediction and their application in micro-simulation modelling : a study of urban and suburban intersections

    Author : Jeffery Archer; Karl-Lennart Bång; Oliver Carsten; KTH; []
    Keywords : Social sciences; Traffic safety; proximal safety indicators; micro-simulation; safety analysis; Samhällsvetenskap; SOCIAL SCIENCES; SAMHÄLLSVETENSKAP;

    Abstract : In order to achieve sustainable long-term transport infrastructure development, there is a growing need for fast, reliable and effective methods to evaluate and predict the impact of traffic safety measures. Recognising this need, and the need for an active traffic safety approach, this thesis focuses on traffic safety assessment and prediction based on the use of safety indicators that measure the spatial and/or temporal proximity of safety critical events. READ MORE

  5. 5. Cost-effective maintenance of railway track geometry : a shift from safety limits to maintenance limits

    Author : Iman Arasteh Khouy; Luleå tekniska universitet; []

    Abstract : Railway infrastructure is a complex system which comprises different subsystems. Long life span is one of the important aspects of this prime mode of transport. However, the useful life of its assets is highly dependent on the maintenance and renewal strategy used during the assets’ life cycle. READ MORE