Search for dissertations about: "Technology - Materials science"

Showing result 1 - 5 of 2034 swedish dissertations containing the words Technology - Materials science.

  1. 1. Biomimetic Formation of Calcium Phosphate Based Nanomaterials

    Author : Wenxiao He; Chalmers tekniska högskola; []
    Keywords : NATURVETENSKAP; NATURAL SCIENCES; TEKNIK OCH TEKNOLOGIER; ENGINEERING AND TECHNOLOGY; NATURVETENSKAP; NATURAL SCIENCES; TEKNIK OCH TEKNOLOGIER; ENGINEERING AND TECHNOLOGY; NATURVETENSKAP; NATURAL SCIENCES; TEKNIK OCH TEKNOLOGIER; ENGINEERING AND TECHNOLOGY; TEKNIK OCH TEKNOLOGIER; ENGINEERING AND TECHNOLOGY; TEKNIK OCH TEKNOLOGIER; ENGINEERING AND TECHNOLOGY; superstructure; lyotropic liquid crystal; self-assembly; Calcium phosphate; bone-like apatite; amphiphilic peptide; nanocomposite; biomimetic mineralization;

    Abstract : The intercellular material in bone is a nanocomposite of aligned “hard” inorganics—calcium phosphate (CaP) platelets embedded in the long-range ordered “soft” organic collagen matrix. This elaborate structural arrangement redeems the weaknesses of the individual components (being soft protein or brittle mineral) and gives bone its excellent mechanical properties for the protection and support of our bodies. READ MORE

  2. 2. Engineering of lignin in wood towards functional materials

    Author : Gabriella G. Mastantuoni; Qi Zhou; Lars Berglund; Jean-Marie Raquez; KTH; []
    Keywords : LANTBRUKSVETENSKAPER; AGRICULTURAL SCIENCES; NATURVETENSKAP; NATURAL SCIENCES; TEKNIK OCH TEKNOLOGIER; ENGINEERING AND TECHNOLOGY; TEKNIK OCH TEKNOLOGIER; ENGINEERING AND TECHNOLOGY; TEKNIK OCH TEKNOLOGIER; ENGINEERING AND TECHNOLOGY; TEKNIK OCH TEKNOLOGIER; ENGINEERING AND TECHNOLOGY; Cellulose; wood; nanotechnology; sulfonation; biocomposite; cross-linking; densification; transparent film; wood foam; conductivity; Cellulosa; trä; nanoteknologi; sulfonering; biokomposit; tvärbindning; förtätning; transparent film; poröst trämaterial; konduktivitet; Fiber- och polymervetenskap; Fibre and Polymer Science;

    Abstract : Through 270 million years of evolution, the finely tuned hierarchical structure of wood has been optimized for efficient nutrient transport and exceptional mechanical stability. Its distinctive orthotropic constitution can provide inspiration and design opportunities for the development of novel functional materials. READ MORE

  3. 3. Nanocomposites for Use in Sliding Electrical Contacts

    Author : Benny André; Urban Wiklund; Staffan Jacobson; Kenneth Holmberg; Uppsala universitet; []
    Keywords : TEKNIK OCH TEKNOLOGIER; ENGINEERING AND TECHNOLOGY; TEKNIK OCH TEKNOLOGIER; ENGINEERING AND TECHNOLOGY; TEKNIK OCH TEKNOLOGIER; ENGINEERING AND TECHNOLOGY; tribology; materials science; Materialvetenskap; Materials Science; Engineering Science with specialization in Materials Science; Teknisk fysik med inriktning mot materialvetenskap; Teknisk fysik med inriktning mot tribomaterial; Engineering Science with specialization in Tribo Materials;

    Abstract : In this thesis nanocomposite materials for use in high performance electrical contacts are tested. Self mating silver as coatings on cupper substrates are the most used material combination in power connectors today. In this work two new concepts were tested. READ MORE

  4. 4. Extracellular Matrix Based Materials for Tissue Engineering

    Author : Cecilia Aulin; Jöns Hilborn; Tim Bowden; Laura Creemers; Uppsala universitet; []
    Keywords : MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; NATURVETENSKAP; NATURAL SCIENCES; NATURVETENSKAP; NATURAL SCIENCES; NATURVETENSKAP; NATURAL SCIENCES; Extracellular matrix; collagen synthesis; bioreactor; cell culture; bone morphogenetic protein-2; noggin; hyaluronan; cartilage; Medical technology; Medicinsk teknik; Molecular biology; Molekylärbiologi; Orthopaedics; Ortopedi; Transplantation surgery; Transplantationskirurgi; Biomaterials; Biomaterial; Morphology; cell biology; pathology; Morfologi; cellbiologi; patologi; Cell and molecular biology; Cell- och molekylärbiologi; Polymer chemistry; Polymerkemi; Materials chemistry; Materialkemi; cellforskning; Cell Research; materialvetenskap; Materials Science; medicinsk cellbiologi; Medical Cell Biology; ortopedi; Orthopaedics;

    Abstract : The extracellular matrix is (ECM) is a network of large, structural proteins and polysaccharides, important for cellular behavior, tissue development and maintenance. Present thesis describes work exploring ECM as scaffolds for tissue engineering by manipulating cells cultured in vitro or by influencing ECM expression in vivo. READ MORE

  5. 5. Additive-Driven Improvements in Interfacial Properties and Processing of TMP-Polymer Composites

    Author : Seyedehsan Hosseini; Chalmers tekniska högskola; []
    Keywords : NATURVETENSKAP; NATURAL SCIENCES; NATURVETENSKAP; NATURAL SCIENCES; TEKNIK OCH TEKNOLOGIER; ENGINEERING AND TECHNOLOGY; TEKNIK OCH TEKNOLOGIER; ENGINEERING AND TECHNOLOGY; TEKNIK OCH TEKNOLOGIER; ENGINEERING AND TECHNOLOGY; TEKNIK OCH TEKNOLOGIER; ENGINEERING AND TECHNOLOGY; NATURVETENSKAP; NATURAL SCIENCES; TEKNIK OCH TEKNOLOGIER; ENGINEERING AND TECHNOLOGY; NATURVETENSKAP; NATURAL SCIENCES; TEKNIK OCH TEKNOLOGIER; ENGINEERING AND TECHNOLOGY; molybdenum disulfide; magnesium stearate; thermomechanical pulp; alkyl ketene dimer; friction; rheology;

    Abstract : Efforts to address environmental concerns have resulted in new regulations designed to plan the reduction of plastic and synthetic polymer usage, necessitating the search for sustainable natural alternatives with comparable cost-effectiveness and mechanical performance. Thermomechanical pulp (TMP) fibres are one of the most affordable natural fibres that have no chemical refining in production, production have a high yield of 90-98% and TMP fibres have been demonstrated to improve the mechanical characteristics (strength, stiffness and toughness) of wood-polymer composites (WPCs) compared to the pure polymer. READ MORE