Search for dissertations about: "Torbjörn Holm"

Found 5 swedish dissertations containing the words Torbjörn Holm.

  1. 1. Rectal cancer : Aspects on preoperative radiation, surgery and local recurrence

    Author : Torbjörn Holm; Karolinska Institutet; Karolinska Institutet; []
    Keywords : MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; Rectal cancer; preoperative radiotherapy; surgery; adverse effects; local recurrence;

    Abstract : Rectal cancer is one of the most common malignant diseases in Sweden and is diagnosed in about 1.900 patients annually. Potentially curative surgery can be performed in 60-70% of these patients. Local recurrence is a major problem af ter surgery for rectal cancer. READ MORE

  2. 2. Dose Plan Optimization in HDR Brachytherapy using Penalties : Properties and Extensions

    Author : Åsa Holm; Torbjörn Larsson; Åsa Carlsson Tedgren; Göran Sporre; Linköpings universitet; []

    Abstract : High dose-rate (HDR) brachytherapy is a specific type of radiotherapy used to treat tumours of for example the cervix, prostate, and breasts. In HDR brachytherapy applicators are implanted into or close to the tumour volume. A radioactive source is moved through these applicators and stops at certain positions, known as dwell points. READ MORE

  3. 3. Mathematical Optimization of HDR Brachytherapy

    Author : Åsa Holm; Torbjörn Larsson; Åsa Carlsson Tedgren; Jeroen Beliën; Linköpings universitet; []
    Keywords : ;

    Abstract : One out of eight deaths throughout the world is due to cancer. Developing new treatments and improving existing treatments is hence of major importance. In this thesis we have studied how mathematical optimization can be used to improve an existing treatment method: high-dose-rate (HDR) brachytherapy. READ MORE

  4. 4. Platelets and airway remodeling : Mechanisms involved in platelet-induced fibroblast and airway smooth muscle cell proliferation in vitro

    Author : Ann-Charlotte B. Svensson Holm; Torbjörn Bengtsson; Eva Lindström; Mikael Adner; Linköpings universitet; []
    Keywords : MEDICINE; MEDICIN;

    Abstract : Airway remodeling is a contributing cause to the pathological structural changes, such as increased cell proliferation, observed in asthma. Platelets have been found in autopsy lungmaterial obtained from asthmatic patients and are well known to induce proliferation in vitro of a variety of cells. READ MORE

  5. 5. Parastomal hernia : clinical studies on definitions and prevention

    Author : Arthur Jänes; Leif Israelsson; Åke Öberg; Torbjörn Holm; Umeå universitet; []
    Keywords : MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; Parastomal hernia; stoma complications; prosthetic mesh; mesh complications; sigmoid stoma; ileostomy; laparoscopic stoma; CT-scan; Surgery; Kirurgi; kirurgi; Surgery;

    Abstract : The aims of the studies was to evaluate the short and long term effects on the development of parastomal hernia and stoma complications of a prophylactic prosthetic mesh placed in a sublay position at the index operation.  Also the purpose was to validate a definition of parastomal hernia at clinical examination and a method and a definition of parastomal hernia at CT-scan. READ MORE