Search for dissertations about: "Tuberculosis"

Showing result 1 - 5 of 191 swedish dissertations containing the word Tuberculosis.

  1. 1. Fighting Tuberculosis – Structural Studies of Three Mycobacterial Proteins

    University dissertation from Uppsala : Universitetsbiblioteket

    Author : Alina Castell; Torsten Unge; Manfred Weiss; [2008]
    Keywords : NATURVETENSKAP; NATURAL SCIENCES; Mycobacterium tuberculosis; Rv0216; Rv0130; Mycobacterium smegmatis; branched chain aminotransferase; X-ray crystallography; fatty acid metabolism; NATURAL SCIENCES Chemistry Biochemistry Structural biology; NATURVETENSKAP Kemi Biokemi Strukturbiologi;

    Abstract : This thesis presents the cloning, purification, crystallization, and structural studies of two unknown proteins from Mycobacterium tuberculosis, and of an aminotransferase from Mycobacterium smegmatis. Structural knowledge of these proteins is of highest interest for structure-based drug design, which is one of the approaches that can be used in order to fight tuberculosis (TB). READ MORE

  2. 2. Dynamics of tuberculosis infection in Sweden

    University dissertation from Lund University

    Author : Niclas Winqvist; [2011]
    Keywords : MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; Tuberculosis; latent tuberculosis infection; long-term follow-up; Øresund region; interferon-gamma release assay; tuberculin skin test;

    Abstract : Sweden provides a special setting for epidemiological and demographic studies of tuberculosis (TB) infection over time for principally two reasons; first, the Swedish TB epidemic has undergone a tremendous transition since the end of the 19th century, when TB was highly endemic, to the current situation with practically interrupted indigenous transmission since several decades. Second, an increasing proportion of persons who grew up before TB transmission virtually disappeared in the 1960s are reaching advanced age, and thus creating conditions that predispose to reactivation of latent TB infection (LTBI). READ MORE

  3. 3. Epidemiological aspects of tuberculosis in Guinea-Bissau, West Africa

    University dissertation from Per Gustafson, Department of Infectious Diseases, University Hospital MAS, SE-205 02 Malmö, Sweden

    Author : Per Gustafson; [2003]
    Keywords : MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; tuberculin skin test; Infections; Infektioner; survival; mortality; case fatality rate; risk factor; incidence; Guinea-Bissau; Africa; epidemiology; Mycobacterium tuberculosis; HIV-2; HIV-1; HIV; Tbc; Tuberculosis; TB;

    Abstract : Tuberculosis (TB) has plagued the humanity for several thousands of years. The bacteria causing TB is mainly spread from person to person as an aerosol transmission. It is estimated that one third of the world’s population is infected with the disease; about 10% of these will develop active TB during their lifetime. READ MORE

  4. 4. Interplay of human macrophages and Mycobacterium tuberculosis phenotypes

    University dissertation from Linköping University Electronic Press

    Author : Johanna Raffetseder; Maria Lerm; Olle Stendahl; Vesa Loitto; Trude Helen Flo; [2016]
    Keywords : MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; NATURVETENSKAP; NATURAL SCIENCES; NATURVETENSKAP; NATURAL SCIENCES; MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; Mycobacterium tuberculosis; tuberculosis; macrophage; innate immunity; host-pathogen interaction; antibiotic tolerance; phagosomal maturation; bacterial phenotype; dormancy; persistence; virulence factor; ESAT-6; ESX-1;

    Abstract : Mycobacterium tuberculosis (Mtb) is the pathogen causing tuberculosis (TB), a disease most often affecting the lung. 1.5 million people die annually due to TB, mainly in low-income countries. READ MORE

  5. 5. Novel Pharmacometric Methods for Informed Tuberculosis Drug Development

    University dissertation from Uppsala : Acta Universitatis Upsaliensis

    Author : Oskar Clewe; Ulrika S.H. Simonsson; Mats O. Karlsson; Piet van der Graaf; [2016]
    Keywords : MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; pharmacokinetics; pharmacodynamics; PKPD; pharmacometric; nonlinear mixed-effects models; multistate tuberculosis pharmacometric model; general pharmacodynamic interaction model; general pulmonary distribution model; tuberculosis; rifampicin; isoniazid; ethambutol; Pharmaceutical Science; Farmaceutisk vetenskap;

    Abstract : With approximately nine million new cases and the attributable cause of death of an estimated two millions people every year there is an urgent need for new and effective drugs and treatment regimens targeting tuberculosis. The tuberculosis drug development pathway is however not ideal, containing non-predictive model systems and unanswered questions that may increase the risk of failure during late-phase drug development. READ MORE