Search for dissertations about: "Ultra-violet spectroscopy"

Showing result 1 - 5 of 15 swedish dissertations containing the words Ultra-violet spectroscopy.

  1. 1. A Treatise on the Geometric and Electronic Structure of Clusters : Investigated by Synchrotron Radiation Based Electron Spectroscopies

    Author : Andreas Lindblad; Olle Björneholm; Gunnar Öhrwall; Maxim Tchaplyguine; Paolo Milani; Uppsala universitet; []
    Keywords : NATURAL SCIENCES; NATURVETENSKAP; Cluster; nanoparticle; Heterogeneous; Homogeneous; Mixed; Cluster production methods; co-expansion; pick-up; doping; Cluster geometry; radial segregation; Interatomic Coulombic Decay; ICD; Auger electron spectroscopy; AES; X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy; XPS; Ultra-violet spectroscopy; UPS; Noble gas; Rare gas; Ne; Ar; Kr; Xe; Ammonia; NH3; Sulphur hexafluoride; SF6; MAX-lab; BESSY; Physics; Fysik;

    Abstract : Clusters are finite ensembles of atoms or molecules with sizes in the nanometer regime (i.e. nanoparticles). This thesis present results on the geometric and electronic structure of homogeneous and heterogeneous combinations of atoms and molecules. READ MORE

  2. 2. Solvent–Solute Interaction : Studied by Synchrotron Radiation Based Photo and Auger Electron Spectroscopies

    Author : Wandared Pokapanich; Olle Björneholm; Gunnar Öhrwall; Maxim Tchaplyguine; Arnaldo Naves de Brito; Uppsala universitet; []
    Keywords : NATURAL SCIENCES; NATURVETENSKAP; NATURVETENSKAP; NATURAL SCIENCES; Interatomic Coulombic Decay; ICD; Auger electron spectroscopy; AES; X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy; XPS; Ultra-violet spectroscopy; UPS; localized; delocalized; double ionization potential; DIP; two hole; final states; Water; H2O; Potassium chloride; KCl; Calcium chloride; CaCl2; Ammonium; NH4; Core hole; clock; lifetime; solvated; ion; alkali; halide; Coster Kronig; MAX-lab; BESSY; Liquid physics; Vätskefysik; Physics with spec. in Atomic; Molecular and Condensed Matter Physics; Fysik med inriktning mot atom- molekyl- och kondenserande materiens fysik;

    Abstract : Aqueous solutions were studied using photoelectron and Auger spectroscopy, based on synchrotron radiation and a liquid micro-jet setup. By varying the photon energy in photoelectron spectra, we depth profiled an aqueous tetrabutylammonium iodide (TBAI) solution. READ MORE

  3. 3. Faraday modulation spectroscopy : Theoretical description and experimental realization for detection of nitric oxide

    Author : Jonas Westberg; Ove Axner; Gerard Wysocki; Umeå universitet; []
    Keywords : NATURAL SCIENCES; NATURVETENSKAP; NATURVETENSKAP; NATURAL SCIENCES; Faraday modulation spectroscopy FAMOS ; Westberg-Wang-Axner WWA method; Fourier coefficients; Lineshape asymmetries; Nitric oxide NO ; fysik; Physics;

    Abstract : Faraday modulation spectroscopy (FAMOS) is a laser-based spectroscopic dispersion technique for detection of paramagnetic molecules in gas phase. This thesis presents both a new theoretical description of FAMOS and experimental results from the ultra-violet (UV) as well as the mid-infrared (MIR) regions. READ MORE

  4. 4. Properties and analysis of dioxin-like compounds in marine samples from Sweden

    Author : Kjell Lundgren; Umeå universitet; []
    Keywords : NATURAL SCIENCES; NATURVETENSKAP; NATURVETENSKAP; NATURAL SCIENCES; Environmental chemistry; planar dioxin-like compound; polychlorinated dibenzofuran; polychlorinated biphenyl; polychlorinated naphthalene; alkylated polychlorinated dibenzofuran; high-performance liquid chromatography; PX-21 carbon column; biomagnification factor; biota to sediment accumulation factor; fluxes; relative retention time; mass spectrometry; relative response factor; ultra-violet spectroscopy; Miljökemi; Environmental chemistry; Miljökemi; analytisk kemi; Analytical Chemistry;

    Abstract : Polychlorinated dibenzo-p-dioxins (PCDDs) and dibenzofurans (PCDFs), and dioxin-like polychlorinated biphenyls (PCBs) have been assigned toxic equivalency factors (TEFs). These compounds are today routinely analysed with sophisticated analytical techniques. READ MORE

  5. 5. Towards single Ce ion detection in a bulk crystal for the development of a single-ion qubit readout scheme

    Author : Ying Yan; Atomfysik; []
    Keywords : NATURVETENSKAP; NATURAL SCIENCES; NATURVETENSKAP; NATURAL SCIENCES; Fysicumarkivet A:2013:Yan; Ultra-violet laser spectroscopy; Single ion detection; Rare-earth-ion-doped crystals; Quantum computing; Laser stabilisation;

    Abstract : The work presented in this thesis was concerned with investigating the relevant spectroscopic properties of Ce ions randomly doped in an Y2SiO5 crystal at low temperatures (around 4 K), in order to develop a technique and an experimental set-up to detect the fluorescence photons emitted by a single Ce ion. The aim of the work was to determine whether a single Ce ion (referred to as the readout ion) can be used as a local probe to sense the quantum state of a neighbouring single-ion qubit via a state-selective interaction between the readout and qubit ion. READ MORE