Search for dissertations about: "Under-five"

Showing result 1 - 5 of 51 swedish dissertations containing the word Under-five.

  1. 1. Antibiotic use among children in low- and middle-income countries : Studies on global trends, and contextual determinants of antibiotic prescribing in Eastern Uganda

    Author : Gbemisola Allwell-Brown; Emily White Johansson; Andreas Mårtensson; Freddy Kitutu; Laith Hussain-Alkhateeb; Susanne Strömdahl; Mike English; Uppsala universitet; []
    Keywords : MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; antibiotic; child; low- and middle-income countries; LMICs; fever; under-five; Uganda; primary healthcare; health systems; Social Medicine; Socialmedicin; International Health; Internationell hälsa; Epidemiologi; Epidemiology; Family Medicine; Allmänmedicin; Pediatrik; Pediatrics;

    Abstract : This thesis aimed to systematically map trends in reported antibiotic use (RAU) among sick under-five children across low- and middle-income countries (LMICs) in 2005-2017, and, to understand the contextual determinants of antibiotic prescribing in Eastern Uganda. Based on 132 national surveys from 73 LMICs, and using Bayesian linear regression models, trends in RAU among sick under-five children (with symptoms of fever, diarrhoea or cough with fast/difficult breathing) across LMICs in 2005-2017 were mapped by WHO region, World Bank country income group, symptom complaint (Study-I), and by the following user characteristics: rural/urban residence, maternal education, household wealth and source of care (Study-II). READ MORE

  2. 2. Towards a functioning retail health market : Evaluating the integrated Community Case Management Intervention for Pediatric Febrile Illness in Drug Shops in Rural South Western Uganda

    Author : Freddy Eric Kitutu; Andreas Martensson; Ib Bygbjerg; Uppsala universitet; []
    Keywords : MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; Integrated community case management; Malaria; Pneumonia symptoms; Drug shops; Retail health markets; Uganda; Under-five; Evaluation; Mixed-methods; Febrile illness; Universal Health Coverage; Medicinsk vetenskap; Medical Science;

    Abstract : Objectives: This thesis examined the health systems effects of implementing the integrated Community Case Management (iCCM) intervention for paediatric febrile illnesses in a retail health market in South Western Uganda. More specifically, it evaluated drug seller interpretation of malaria Rapid Diagnostics Test (RDT) results (study I), adherence to iCCM guidelines (study II) and the intervention effect on households’ perceived quality of drug seller fever care and care-seeking choice. READ MORE

  3. 3. Child health and acute respiratory infections in Ethiopia : epidemiology for prevention and control

    Author : Lulu Muhe; Umeå universitet; []
    Keywords : MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; Epidemiology; acute respiratory infections; morbidity; mortality; infants; under-five children; determinants; intervention;

    Abstract : This thesis is based on studies in Butajira district in the south central part of Ethiopia and one study in the Ethio-Swedish Children's Hospital in Addis Ababa. The Butajira project has a continuous demographic surveillance system, established in 1987 in a sample of 10 communities with a total baseline population of about 30,000. READ MORE

  4. 4. The Impact of Violence Against Women on Child Growth, Morbidity and Survival : Studies in Bangladesh and Nicaragua

    Author : Kajsa Åsling Monemi; Lars Åke Persson; Ruchira Tabassum Naved; Lars Smedman; Uppsala universitet; []
    Keywords : MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; Violence against women; Birth-weight; Child growth; Under-nutrition; Infant morbidity; Under-five mortality; Bangladesh; Nicaragua; Health and medical services in society; Hälso- och sjukvård i samhället;

    Abstract : The aim of this thesis was to explore the impact of physical, sexual and emotional violence against women of reproductive age and the level of controlling behaviour in marriage on child health and survival in two different cultural settings: Bangladesh and Nicaragua. Data were acquired from four quantitative community-based studies. READ MORE

  5. 5. Acute gastroenteritis in Rwandan children under five years of age investigated by real-time PCR

    Author : Jean-Claude Kabayiza; Göteborgs universitet; Göteborgs universitet; Gothenburg University; []
    Keywords : MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; Gastroenteritis; Real-time PCR;

    Abstract : Acute gastroenteritis is a major cause of illness and death among children in developing countries. Knowledge about the aetiology is important to make the right priorities regarding preventive measures, and for the recommendation to use or not use antibiotics. READ MORE