Search for dissertations about: "VENTILATOR ASSOCIATED PNEUMONIA"

Showing result 1 - 5 of 9 swedish dissertations containing the words VENTILATOR ASSOCIATED PNEUMONIA.

  1. 1. Protective Mechanical Ventilation in Inflammatory and Ventilator-Associated Pneumonia Models

    Author : Jesper Sperber; Jan Sjölin; Markus Castegren; Anders Larsson; Anders Larsson; Anders Oldner; Uppsala universitet; []
    Keywords : MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; Mechanical ventilation; Systemic inflammation; Pneumonia; Ventilator-associated pneumonia; Endotoxin; Anestesiologi och intensivvård; Anaesthesiology and Intensive Care;

    Abstract : Severe infections, trauma or major surgery can each cause a state of systemic inflammation. These causes for systemic inflammation often coexist and complicate each other. Mechanical ventilation is commonly used during major surgical procedures and when respiratory functions are failing in the intensive care setting. READ MORE

  2. 2. Infections Related to the Use of Medical Devices and Changes in the Oropharyngeal Flora

    Author : Hulda Thorarinsdottir; Anestesiologi och intensivvård; []
    Keywords : MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; thrombosis; critical illness; biofilm; intratracheal intubation; ventilator-associated pneumonia; ; central venous catheters; catheter-related infections; proton pump inhibitors; oropharynx; MICROBIOTA; foreign-body reaction; hemolysis; inflammation;

    Abstract : Background: Humans exist in mutualistic balance with a large range of microbiota. Illness and hospitalization can disturb this balance and contribute to hospital-acquired infections (HAIs), which occur most often in critically ill patients. READ MORE

  3. 3. Respiratory Tract Infections: Aspects of Aetiology, Virulence, and Communicable Disease Control

    Author : Jonas Ahl; Enheten för infektionssjukdomar; []
    Keywords : MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; Streptococcus pneumoniae; day care center; communicable disease control intervention; eradication therapy; invasive pneumococcal disease; serotype 3; aetiology; ventilator-associated pneumonia;

    Abstract : The paediatric nasopharyngeal flora is regarded as the largest reservoir for Streptococcus pneumoniae, and the carrier state is always antecedent to infection and a prerequisite for dispersion of these bacteria. Pneumococci are the predominant aetiology of bacterial respiratory tract infections and a major cause of morbidity and mortality, in the most severe cases due to invasive pneumococcal disease (IPD; mainly sepsis and meningitis). READ MORE

  4. 4. Hospital-acquired pneumonia in intensive care patients

    Author : Petra Hyllienmark; Karolinska Institutet; Karolinska Institutet; []
    Keywords : MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP;

    Abstract : The present thesis describes the incidence and risk factors for pneumonia and especially ventilator-associated pneumonia (VAP) among Intensive Care Unit (ICU) patients. Bacteria in samples from the lower respiratory tract of patients receiving mechanical ventilation are reported, including the duration of treatment prior to the first occurrence of different pathogens. READ MORE

  5. 5. Surgical Management of Rib Fractures Following Trauma

    Author : Eva Corina Caragounis; Göteborgs universitet; Göteborgs universitet; Gothenburg University; []
    Keywords : MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; Mechanism of Injury; Rib Fracture; Flail chest; Surgery; Mechanical Ventilator; Lung Function; Pain; Quality of Life;

    Abstract : Background: Surgical management of chest wall injuries has received increasing attention in recent years. The aim of this thesis was to study the mechanism of injury (MOI) in relation to chest wall injury patterns and short- and long-term outcome of surgery in patients with multiple rib fractures and unstable thoracic cage injuries. READ MORE