Search for dissertations about: "abdominal trauma"

Showing result 1 - 5 of 29 swedish dissertations containing the words abdominal trauma.

  1. 1. CARDIOTHORACIC TRAUMA: A Scandinavian Perspective

    Author : Moheb A. Rashid; Göteborgs universitet; Göteborgs universitet; Gothenburg University; []
    Keywords : Cardiothoracic trauma; Trauma; Extrapleural hematoma; Sternal fractures; Heart and lung contusions; Cardiac; pulmonary; and thoracic aortic injuries; Urgent or emergency room department thoracotomy; Sternotomy; Paraplegia; Outcome.;

    Abstract : Background: Trauma in general is a major cause of morbidity and mortality worldwide, and causes more loss of productive years than ischemic heart disease and malignancy together. Cardiothoracic trauma occurs in 60% of multitrauma patients and is 2-3 times more common than intra-abdominal visceral injuries. READ MORE

  2. 2. The Microcirculation in Trauma and Sepsis

    Author : Peter Bansch; Anestesiologi och intensivvård; []
    Keywords : MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; microcirculation; prostacyclin; plasma vilume; trauma; sepsis; sidestream darkfield imaging; albumin; volume expansion; transcapillary escape rate; glycocalyx; charge;

    Abstract : The microcirculation plays a vital part for fluid-, gas- and solute-exchange, and changes in permeability during trauma or sepsis, that are in part necessary for the natural healing process, may also cause hypovolemia and edema formation, leading to disturbances in microvascular exchange. This thesis discusses changes is microvascular flow, permeability and plasma volume (PV) loss after experimental or surgical trauma and experimental sepsis. READ MORE

  3. 3. The Association Between Beta-Blockade and Clinical Outcomes in the Context of Surgical and Traumatic Stress

    Author : Rebecka Ahl; Shahin Mohseni; Louis Riddez; Göran Wallin; Olle Ljungqvist; Jonathan Tilsed; Örebro universitet; []
    Keywords : MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; Beta-blocker therapy; adrenergic hyperactivity; physiological stress; trauma; depression; colorectal cancer; complications; mortality;

    Abstract : Traumatic injury and major abdominal surgery are areas in general surgery associated with high rates of morbidity and mortality. The overall colorectal cancer surgery mortality rate is around 4%, with that for emergency surgery more than twice as high as for planned. Surgical morbidity varies between 25% and 45%. READ MORE

  4. 4. Resuscitative endovascular balloon occlusion of the aorta : Physiology and clinical aspects of an emerging technique

    Author : Mitra Sadeghi; Tal M. Hörer; Kristofer F. Nilsson; Per Skoog; Kjell Jansson; Kevin Mani; Örebro universitet; []
    Keywords : MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; REBOA; trauma; hemorrhage; partial REBOA; Ischemia reperfusion injury; blood pressure titration; endtidal cabondioxide; traumatic inflammatory response;

    Abstract : Traumatic hemorrhagic shock is a major cause of death worldwide. Patients enter the fatal triad of hypothermia, acidosis and coagulopathy and die quickly due to cardiovascular collapse. Ideally, procedures should be performed at the injury scene to prevent this fatal event. READ MORE

  5. 5. On the metabolic consequenses of abdominal compartment syndrome

    Author : Per Skoog; Lars Norgren; Kjell Jansson; Erik Solligård; Örebro universitet; []
    Keywords : MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; intra-abdominal hypertension; intra-abdominal metabolism microdialysis; laserdoppler flowmetry; lactate; pyruvate; glycerol; lactate pyruvate ratio; ruptured abdominal aortic aneurysm; Surgery; Kirurgi;

    Abstract : Intra-abdominal hypertension (IAH) and the progression to abdominal compartment syndrome (ACS) are known complications of vascular and abdominal surgery, trauma, sepsis, and burns. ACS is associated with high mortality. READ MORE