Search for dissertations about: "accelerator driven system"

Showing result 1 - 5 of 16 swedish dissertations containing the words accelerator driven system.

  1. 1. Accelerator-driven systems safety and kinetics

    University dissertation from Stockholm : KTH

    Author : Marcus Eriksson; KTH.; [2005]
    Keywords : NATURVETENSKAP; NATURAL SCIENCES; Nuclear physics; Kärnfysik; NATURAL SCIENCES Physics Nuclear physics; NATURVETENSKAP Fysik Kärnfysik;

    Abstract : The accelerator-driven system (ADS) is recognized as a promising system for the purpose of nuclear waste transmutation and minimization of spent fuel radiotoxicity. The primary cause for this derives from its accelerator-driven, sub-critical operating state, which introduces beneficial safety-related features allowing for application of cores employing fuel systems containing pure transuranics or minor actinides, thereby offering increased incineration rate of waste products and minimal deployment of advanced (and expensive) partitioning and transmutation technologies. READ MORE

  2. 2. Accelerator-driven systems source efficiency and reacitvity determination

    University dissertation from Stockholm : KTH Royal Institute of Technology

    Author : Andrei Fokau; KTH.; [2010]
    Keywords : NATURVETENSKAP; NATURAL SCIENCES; NATURAL SCIENCES Physics Nuclear physics; NATURVETENSKAP Fysik Kärnfysik;

    Abstract : Accelerator-driven systems (ADS) are being investigated and designed for transmutation of the long-lived nuclear waste. Application of ADS allows to safely transmute large fractions of minor actinides (MA) per reactor core, while the fraction in critical reactors is limited to a few percent due to the safety constraints. READ MORE

  3. 3. Systems Engineering for Computing Systems at Accelerator based Research Facilities

    University dissertation from Stockholm : KTH Royal Institute of Technology

    Author : Thilo Friedrich; KTH.; [2017]
    Keywords : TEKNIK OCH TEKNOLOGIER; ENGINEERING AND TECHNOLOGY; Systems Engineering; control system; computing system; particle accelerator; research facility; Machine Design; Maskinkonstruktion;

    Abstract : Large research facilities are major research enablers for expanding fields in various natural sciences. Traditionally built for physics and astronomy, nowadays fields like life sciences, medicine, molecular sciences and material sciences have become the driving forces, especially for particle accelerator based research facilities. READ MORE

  4. 4. Studies of Accelerator-Driven Systems for Transmutation of Nuclear Waste

    University dissertation from Uppsala : Acta Universitatis Upsaliensis

    Author : Marcus Dahlfors; Uppsala universitet.; [2006]
    Keywords : NATURVETENSKAP; NATURAL SCIENCES; Nuclear physics; transmutation; accelerator-driven systems; Energy Amplifier; subcritical reactors; nuclear waste; Monte Carlo simulation; burnup; actinides; fission products; benchmark; nuclear data; neutron cross sections; sensitivity analysis; neutron source; spallation target; n_TOF experiment; neutron time-of-flight; cross section measurement; FLUKA; EA-MC; MCNP; MCNP-X; EADF; TRADE; Kärnfysik; NATURAL SCIENCES Physics Nuclear physics; NATURVETENSKAP Fysik Kärnfysik;

    Abstract : Accelerator-driven systems for transmutation of nuclear waste have been suggested as a means for dealing with spent fuel components that pose potential radiological hazard for long periods of time. While not entirely removing the need for underground waste repositories, this nuclear waste incineration technology provides a viable method for reducing both waste volumes and storage times. READ MORE

  5. 5. Transmutation of Am in sodium fast reactors and accelerator driven systems

    University dissertation from Stockholm : KTH Royal Institute of Technology

    Author : Youpeng Zhang; KTH.; [2012]
    Keywords : NATURVETENSKAP; NATURAL SCIENCES; Sodium cooled fast reactor; accelerator driven system; americium; transmutation; transient analysis;

    Abstract : In this thesis, the feasibility to use sodium cooled fast reactors loaded with MOX, metallic and nitride fuels for efficient transmutation of americium is investigated by performing transient analysis for cases with different americium contents in fuels, using safety parameters obtained with the SERPENT Monte Carlo code. It was then demonstrated that there is no solid limit for the Am introduction into oxide, metallic and nitride fuels that were loaded into sodium fast reactors. READ MORE